Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 14, 2002
BMJ journals now free for the 100 poorest countries
BMJ specialist journals, such as Gut, Heart and Thorax, are now free online to anybody in the 100 poorest countries of the world, which between them include most of the world's population.

Restricting R-movies linked to decreased teen smoking, drinking
Researchers from the Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Dartmouth Medical School and Dartmouth College have identified a new strategy for parents who don't want their children to smoke or drink: don't let them watch R-rated movies.

Enormous iceberg may be in its death throes
For perhaps the last time, a researcher has visited iceberg B-15A, an enormous fragment of ice that broke away from Antarctica's Ross Ice Shelf in March 2000.

Setting micro gears in motion
Umar Mohideen, associate professor of physics at the University of California, Riverside, has performed the first demonstration of the lateral Casimir force in his laboratory.

'Wishful thinking' gene regulates neural development
Two research teams have converged on a novel gene that appears to regulate key aspects of communication between nerve and muscle cells.

Comparing ag and industrial runoff between estuaries
Bay to bay: Cornell University researchers have developed the first method to directly compare levels of agricultural and industrial pollution runoff between estuaries

Imaging tool helps locate recurrent prostate cancer
A new multi-institutional study led by investigators at Duke University Medical Center indicates that a diagnostic scan may help localize recurrent prostate disease in men who have had surgical removal of the prostate and show early signs of recurrence.

Limiting adolescents' exposure to R-rated movies may help prevent early use of alcohol and tobacco
Students in grades 5 through 8 who were completely restricted from watching R-rated movies were three times less likely to have tried either cigarettes or alcohol than students with no restrictions.

New world of nanoelectronics may arrive in the near future, AAAS speakers say
A future filled with tiny, molecule-sized computers-fast and powerful enough to do things like translate conversations on the fly or calculate complex climate models-may be closer than people think, top nanotechnology researchers said at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting in Boston today.

Poorer farmers benefit most from organic practices
Farmers in developing countries are reaping the benefits of adopting 'green' agricultural practices far more than their western counterparts, suggests a report published by Cardiff University, Greenpeace and the International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements.

One in seven prisoners in western countries may need psychiatric treatment
One in seven prisoners in western countries could have treatable conditions such as psychotic illnesses or major depression--disorders that might be risk factors for suicide, conclude authors of a systematic review in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

'Bird brains' take heart-our feathered friends are no slouch at cognition
Birds are remarkably adept at tasks involving communication, navigation, and certain types of memory, researchers have found.

Mayo Clinic Health Management Resources offers employee e-health management case study
Mayo Clinic Health Management Resources (MCHMR) is making a new case study available free-of-charge to organizations interested in developing successful e-health management programs for their employees.

Effective Clinical Practice, Jan/Feb. 2002 Highlights
Artilces publishes in Effective Clinical Practice are: Adolescents Who Viewed R-Rated Films Were More Likely to Try Alcohol, Tobacco; Complementary and Alternative Medicine Popular With Health Plan Members; Scrutiny of Medical Records May Uncover Unrecognized Diabetes.

Is devolution a challenge to British-ness? asks national conference
A Devolution and British-ness conference is set to address what it means to be British after devolution.

Mecca pilgrims a priority for meningococcal vaccination
Muslims travelling to Saudi Arabia for the annual Hajj religious festival are a high priority for enhanced meningococcal vaccination this year.

Stunting in infancy linked to childhood cognitive impairment
Malnutrition in infancy and possibly intestinal disease due to giardia infection could be associated with poor cognitive function in children at 9 years of age, suggest results of a study of Peruvian children in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Scripps scientist discovers warming trend in southern ocean over the last 50 years
An armada of autonomous marine

Keblinski receives prestigious NSF award
Pawel Keblinski has been awarded a five-year, $300,000 Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award from the National Science Foundation.

Intensive exercise improves body's ability to process blood sugars
Duke University Medical Center researchers have shown that long-term, intensive exercise can significantly improve the body's ability to control blood sugar levels, adding further evidence that exercise can forestall the development of diabetes or cardiovascular disease in at-risk patients.

New low-cost vaccine offers better protection against cholera
Trials of a cholera vaccine manufactured in Viet Nam at a cost of about only 20 US cents a dose have produced encouraging results, especially for children, an international team of researchers reports in the latest issue of the Bulletin of the World Health Organization.

Alcohol preferences among pregnant Native and African American urban women
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy places the fetus at risk of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS).

Alcoholics may be more injury prone than illicit drug users
Considerable research has linked alcohol and drug use to both major and minor trauma.

UNC neuroscience center awarded $1.7 million for nerve growth and regeneration studies
The Neuroscience Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine was awarded $1.7 million from the National Institutes of Health to study factors affecting nerve growth and regeneration.

Diagnostics and solutions building consensus for a health care reform in Canada
Director of the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada, Antonia Maioni is confident that the MISC conference, Building Consensus for a Health Care Reform in Canada: Diagnostics and Solutions to be held February 14-16, 2002, will provide her fellow citizens with a better understanding of the reforms needed and proposed for healthcare in Canada.

Prenatal alcohol exposure affects visual processing
Problems with

Restricting R-movies linked to decreased teen smoking, drinking
Researchers from the Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Dartmouth Medical School and Dartmouth College have identified a new strategy for parents who don't want their children to smoke or drink: don't let them watch R-rated movies.

Early malnutrition and parasitic infections reduce cognitive ability later in childhood
Stunted growth caused by chronic malnutrition during the first two years of life has an adverse affect on a child's cognitive ability later in childhood, according to a study appearing in The Lancet.

Genetics, stress and environmental cues influence relapse drinking
A substantial number of people who undergo treatment for alcoholism will relapse.

Battle of the sexes leads to a biological arms race
New research conducted by Göran Arnqvist at the University of Uppsala, Sweden, and Locke Rowe at the University of Toronto, Canada, has for the first time unveiled the arms race between the sexes.

Sleep less, live longer? Increased death rate associated with sleeping 8 hours or more
Although it's a common belief that 8 hours of sleep is required for optimal health, a six-year study of more than one million adults ages 30 to 102 has shown that people who get only 6 to 7 hours a night have a lower death rate.

New protocol for administering pneumonia vaccine could save lives, dollars
Requiring hospital nurses to identify patients who would benefit from pneumonia vaccine and providing pre-preprinted vaccination orders for doctors to sign can significantly reduce the physical and monetary costs of this common infection, according to a study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Invitation to cover
You are invited to cover the American Heart Association's Asia Pacific Scientific Forum,

Blood lactate measurement could lead to earlier identification of patients for liver transplant
Arterial blood lactate measurement could rapidly and accurately identify patients who might die from paracetamol-induced acute liver failure, conclude authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

New light on molecular switch that turns genes off
New research in yeast cells may have pinpointed a key enzyme in the molecular circuitry that silences genes.

Medical experts unite to raise awareness of risk, threat of blood clots
Council for Leadership On Thrombosis Awareness and Management formed to advance prevention and treatment of overlooked public health problem

Emergency hospital team halves cardiac arrest deaths
Early intervention by a medical emergency team can reduce deaths from unexpected cardiac arrest in hospital by half, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Long-distance command sends human growth hormone into action
Penn scientists have found the mechanism for the Human Growth Hormone operates by remote control.

The ocean's top 10 coral reef hotspots identified for first time
The world's top 10 coral reef hotspots, rich in marine species found only in small areas and therefore highly vulnerable to extinction, are identified for the first time in a study by the Center for Applied Biodiversity Science (CABS) at Conservation International and published in the Feb.

Extreme weather science and forecasting, new earth science insights, highlight NASA presentations at AAAS symposium
NASA scientists and other researchers will present four symposiums this weekend concerning the latest advances in severe weather detection, the complex changes in global snow and ice, global environmental monitoring and the interactions of aerosols and climate.

Dog tired? It could be your pooch
You've heard that your spouse's snoring can cause you to lose sleep, but what about your pet's?

UK health service is failing lung cancer patients
Less than 10% of lung cancer patients in the United Kingdom receive effective treatment because of a dire shortage of specialist thoracic surgeons, according to an editorial in this week's BMJ.

Texas A&M clones first cat
In what is believed to be the first success of its kind, researchers at the College of Veterinary Medicine at Texas A&M University have cloned a cat.

Can poor growth explain link between marital status and health?
A recent study in the BMJ found that men who were small at birth were less likely to marry, but can slow growth also explain why unmarried people are more likely to die of heart disease?

Hypoglycemia may affect newborn's brain cell function, says Hopkins researcher
Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, may have a significant effect on activity patterns in a newborn's brain, say researchers at Johns Hopkins Children's Center and St.
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