Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 19, 2002
Social factors may affect survival in lung cancer patients
African Americans are more likely to develop and die from cancer than people of any other racial and ethnic group.

Compounds rejuvenate rats, may aid humans
Researchers in the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University have identified a combination of dietary supplements that dramatically improves both the activity, energy level and cognitive function of aging rats.

New high-tech center aids medicine, energy, environmental research
A new computation, visualization and educational facility unveiled today at the University of Houston will connect UH researchers with scientists worldwide and provide state-of-the-art tools to aid environmental studies, biological and biomedical research, and the development of energy exploration technologies.

Characteristic shadow painting by Raphael unintentional
According to the Amsterdam art historian Margriet van Eikema Hommes, the very deep shadows and the extremely dark background in the bottom half of Raphael's last painting, The Transfiguration of Christ (1517-1520), were never what the painter intended.

Genetic clues for finding and treating cardiovascular disease (CVD)
The status of research identifying CVD genes, testing to predict CVD, and developing genetically-based medication is the focus of the spring conference of the American Physiological Society (APS).

Social interactions may be traced back to carnivorous behavior
It's little more than a dinner choice for most people, but meat - and the cooperation involved in getting it - may be the foundation for modern-day social interactions says Texas A&M University's Michael Alvard, a socio-cultural anthropologist who uses evolutionary theory to learn about human behavior, says the hunting and scavenging for meat, by humans, that developed perhaps as early as two million years ago, may have been a trigger for human mental abilities to evolve.

Breakthrough pain in cancer associated with need for increased medical services, higher medical costs
The following is being released by the West Clinic. A new study reports that patients who suffer from breakthrough pain in cancer, which affects as many as two-thirds of cancer patients, require increased medical services that result in higher medical costs than cancer patients without breakthrough pain.

University of Southern Mississippi to ship first batch of Pentagon paint
A new environmentally friendly paint has been formulated in the Thames Polymer Science Research Center at The University of Southern Mississippi.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February (second issue)
Newsworthy articles include studies showing that: low-dose computed tomography can detect lung cancer at an early stage, although it does have a high false positive rate; Australian investigators have reported a higher incidence and a lower mortality rate from acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome; and experts comment on the almost impossible task of reducing health care costs in hospitals by restricting life-sustaining critical care treatment in a patient's last year.

Viral protein may be associated with human brain tumors
Researchers have found that a specific protein called agnoprotein, which is produced by a virus, is present in human brain tumors, suggesting a possible role for the virus in the development of medulloblastoma, the most frequent type of malignant brain tumor in children.

Carnegie Mellon to host security workshop on vulnerable state networks and databases
Vermont Governor Howard Dean will join leading information technology experts and Internet security specialists meeting at Carnegie Mellon University to explore ways to strengthen security of state information systems and network infrastructures.

New software helps design multi-task, jaw-like, surgical mini-tools
Penn State engineers have developed new design software and are using it, in cooperation with surgeons from the University's College of Medicine, to develop new multi-task surgical tools that look like tiny jaws but will be able to bend around obstructions.

Viral proteins may be associated with human brain tumors, according to findings by Temple researchers
Reseachers at Temple University have established a link bewteen a common human virus and brain tumors, suggesting a possible role for the virus in the development of the most frequent type of malignant brain tumor in children.

Raloxifene following tamoxifen may offer no more reduction in breast cancer risk
A new study done in mice suggests that taking raloxifene after 5 years of tamoxifen therapy may not further prevent the growth of breast cancers.

UNC geologist, students to unveil 221 million-year-old top N.C. fossil
Having re-assembled the equivalent of a 221 million-year-old jigsaw puzzle, Dr.

Raloxifene after tamoxifen not beneficial
Taking raloxifene after five years of tamoxifen therapy does not prevent the recurrence of breast cancer in postmenopausal women and may actually stimulate growth of endometrial tumors, according to a Northwestern University study.

No sweat: K-State professor profiles apparel consumers to predict socially responsible purchases
Apparel consumers may look for the union label when they are buying a shirt, dress or blouse, but will they look for new duds with a label or a hangtag that guarantees the item was not made in a sweatshop?

Tax increases can cut the number of habitual teen smokers
Relatively small increases in cigarette taxes can prevent teenagers from becoming heavier smokers, according to a new analysis of national data.

UCSD researchers find raloxifene is not associated with early cardiovascular harm
UCSD School of Medicine researchers have found that the osteoporosis therapy raloxifene HCI was not associated with early cardiovascular harm and reduced the risk of cardiovascular events by 40 percent in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who were also at high risk for cardiovascular disease.

Economist says government should subsidize training of innovators
Fueled by a rapidly expanding supply of scientists and engineers, America`s mighty economic engine powered the nation through more than a century of remarkable wealth creation.

Other highlights in the Feb. 20 issue of JNCI
Other Highlights of the Feb. 20 issue of JNCI include a study finding that socioeconomic status and social circumstances are related to survival outcomes in African-American lung cancer patients, an economic study on the medical costs associated with two different lung cancer chemotherapy regimens, and a study on the possible association between the expression of a carcinogen-metabolizing gene and risk of pancreatic cancer in heavy smokers.
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