Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 22, 2002
Moderate alcohol consumption reduces cardiovascular risk in postmenopausal women
In a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Bauer et al. compared serum lipid concentrations in a group of postmenopausal women after they had consumed moderate amounts of alcohol over 8 weeks, concluding that alcohol decreases CVD risk in this group by improving the levels of several different blood lipids.

Europe's most important breast cancer meeting, the 3rd European Breast Cancer Conference
Europe's most important breast cancer meeting, the 3rd European Breast Cancer Conference, will be taking place from 19 to 23 March in Barcelona.

Business IT professor receives Fulbright to teach and do research in Portugal
As a Fulbright Fellow, Virginia Tech business information technology professor Philip Huang will teach an MBA course at the Universidade de Coimbra and do research to assess the impact of information technology on supply-chain management in Portuguese companies.

Mayo Clinic study defines patients at greater risk for developing multiple myeloma and related bone marrow cancers
A Mayo Clinic study, published in the current edition of New England Journal of Medicine, has defined for the first time within a large population the rate at which patients with a monoclonal protein (M-protein) in their blood develop multiple myeloma, a fatal cancer of the bone marrow.

NASA'S aqua satellite ships to launch site on Sunday
NASA's Aqua spacecraft is ready to ship to Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. to begin launch preparations.

National Child Traumatic Stress Network meets in L.A.
Members of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network will gather for the first time Friday and Saturday, Feb.

Scleroderma research receives a boost from multiple NIH grants
Ten new research grants on scleroderma (systemic sclerosis) have been funded by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Physical activity is key to maintaining normal weight after weight loss
In an article published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Weinsier et al. compared the total energy expenditures of normal weight women who had either maintained or gained weight over the year prior to the study.

Hormone replacement therapy may help prevent chronic wounds in elderly patients
Research at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine has revealed another possible plus for Hormone Replacement Therapy: Older patients taking estrogen may be significantly less likely to suffer from two of the most common and slow-to-heal wounds that afflict the elderly: pressure ulcers (often described as

New sensor being designed to detect, identify invisible agents faster
Research on a new sensing device able to simultaneously identify more than 3,000 biological materials shows great promise, says a Virginia Tech chemical engineering.

Restrained and unrestrained eating behaviors affect risk for adult-onset obesity
In a study designed to examine the relationship between different aspects of eating behavior and adult weight gain, Hays et al. followed changes in weight and dietary habits over approximately 30 years in a group of women currently 55-65 years of age.

Chinese tallow tree invades Texas prairies
The Chinese tallow tree has been turning Gulf Coast grasslands into single-species forests, and Rice University ecologist Evan Siemann hopes to find out how this tree has been able to

Protein mix-up tied to suppressed immune response early in HIV infection
New research that arose from a serendipitous laboratory observation could resolve a scientific mystery, the fact that some people become less able to fight HIV infection despite having a high number of

Hormone therapy for prostate cancer causes weight gain and increased body fat
Prostate cancer patients often receive androgen-deprivation therapy to reduce their levels of the hormone testosterone, but the side effects have not been well studied.

Maternal feeding practices are linked to childhood obesity
Currently, an estimated 25% of American children are obese. Although factors such as the sex, ethnicity or socioeconomic status of the child have been thought to affect a child's weight, a new study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition finds that a mother's child-feeding practices outweigh all other influences on her child's total fat mass.

Multimillion-dollar pain research center funded at Wake Forest
Better management of persistent nerve-injury pain through a better understanding of how pain medicines operate is the goal of a new $6.1 million research center at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

Plant stems and leaves are always proportional to roots
Cornell and University of Arizona researchers have found that the mass of a plant's leaves and stems is proportional to that of its roots in a mathematically predictable way, regardless of species or habitat.

Vitamin C reduces the odds of developing early-onset cataract
Publishing in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Taylor et al. examined long-term vitamin consumption in a group of women aged 53 to 73, and found that daily vitamin C intake from diet and supplements during the previous 13-15 years had a significant role in the prevention of one type of cataract in women younger than 60 years of age.
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