Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 25, 2002
Duke researchers identify age at onset genes for Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease
Duke University Medical Center researchers have identified a group of chromosomal regions that could be responsible for controlling the onset of Alzheimer's or Parkinson's diseases.

Tokyo legal education symposium
The University of Michigan Law School and the Japan Federation of Bar Associations are conducting a joint symposium in Tokyo on Feb.

Immerge biotherapeutics identifies miniature swine that do not transmit pig retrovirus to humans
Immerge BioTherapeutics announced today that they have identified miniature swine that failed to produce porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) that can infect human cells in-vitro.

New treatment options for children with ADHD
Many children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who have long been denied the medication most commonly used by doctors, methylphenidate (also known as Ritalin), can be treated effectively with it, according to a study by the Tourette's Syndrome Study Group.

Gene therapy to treat angina appears safe
Transferring growth factor genes into the heart appears safe and shows promise for treating the debilitating chest pain known as angina, according to a report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

How cold! New partnership to use chilled neutrons
A budding collaboration of university and government scientists -- the Cold Neutrons for Biology and Technology -- will use super-chilled neutrons from NIST's Center for Neutron Research to probe the elusive structure and interactions of cell membranes and their components, gathering information key to improving disease diagnosis and treatment.

Cyclists' 'blood doping' associated with cerebral blood clots
A recent case study has associated cerebral sinus thrombosis, a condition that may lead to tissue death in the brain, with the practice of

X-ray analysis of shipwreck may help conservators save waterlogged artifacts
Collaborators in Sweden and at Stanford have analyzed the chemistry of wood decay in the Vasa shipwreck using x-ray absorption spectroscopy.

Rutgers researcher develops new UV technology
A new method for producing ultraviolet (UV) light has been patented by a Rutgers University professor.

Inhibiting cardiac protein through gene therapy improves human heart cell function
Blocking a key protein involved in calcium regulation can improve the function of failing heart cells, according to a study in the February 26 issue of Circulation.

Asthma researchers present new results, new perspectives on the disease
Preliminary results of a long-term study show two new ways to reduce asthma severity in inner-city children.

UT Southwestern study links asthma and pneumonia
Long-term infection with a bacteria that causes pneumonia could lead to chronic asthma, UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researchers report in the February issue of Infection and Immunity.

Aventis Pasteur statement on HVTN 501 decision
Aventis Pasteur remains committed to the continued development of its ALVAC vector as a preventive AIDS vaccine.

UCLA scientists identify genetic link to migraine
UCLA geneticists have discovered the first evidence that migraine with aura is a hereditary condition.

NIAID Phase III HIV vaccine trial to determine correlates of protection will not proceed
NIAID Phase III HIV Vaccine Trial to Determine Correlates of Protection Will Not Proceed -- Phase III Trial in Thailand to Determine Efficacy Will Be Supported by NIAID through a Combined NIAID-DoD Program

New report links birth defects, premature birth to being overweight before pregnancy
In conjunction with the First Annual Nutrition Week (Feb. 23-27, San Diego), the March of Dimes Task Force on Nutrition and Optimal Human Development releases a new report linking birth defects, premature birth, and other severe health problems in tomorrow's children with soaring rates of obesity among women of childbearing age.

Five-week antibiotic treatment may improve cardiovascular function
For the first time researchers have shown that an antibiotic improved vascular function in people with angina who tested positive for Chlamydia pneumoniae in their blood.

Environmentally friendly ways to nourish the 'flower of love'
It's no wonder that the rose, one of nature's most delicate and beautiful flowers, represents life's most delicate and beautiful experiences, love.

Testicular cancer - cure rates now so high patients may be more at risk from treatment
The treatment of testicular cancer has become so successful and relapse rates are now so low that doctors face a problem unheard of 20 years ago - patients are living long enough to suffer long term side effects that are potentially life-threatening and decrease the survivors' quality of life.

'Smart' methods for detecting computer network intruders
A team of Penn State and Iowa State researchers has tested and rated three

Forerunner to insulin may predict coronary heart disease
Measuring levels of a molecule that precedes insulin formation appears to be an accurate way to predict heart disease risk in men and women, according to a report in today's online issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

UM researchers use 'artificial intelligence' for first time to diagnose colon tumors
Using highly sophisticated computer programs that mimic human intelligence, researchers at the University of Maryland Greenebaum Cancer Center in Baltimore have devised a new method to differentiate and diagnose several types of colon tumors.The method, which uses

Gene linked to accelerated brain aging in healthy adults
By studying a chemical marker in the brain that reflects the health of brain tissue, researchers at Duke University Medical Center have found new clues about why some people experience more rapid age-related brain changes than others.

Hebrew University research finds why chemotherapy might lead to cancer
A study of chromosomes in cancerous cells conducted at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem found that some chemotherapy drugs actually create the conditions that generate new cancerous growths.

Concerta® approved for ADHD in first European market
A new, once-daily treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Concerta® XL (methylphenidate HCl), has been approved in the United Kingdom, the first European Union country to license the product.

University of Southern Mississippi polymer researchers awarded $450,000 grant
The University of Southern Mississippi has received a $450,000 grant from the Mississippi Development Authority

Symptoms of illness less severe in hamsters during winter, study finds
During the short days of winter, Siberian hamsters suffer less severe symptoms to infections than they do during the long days of summer, new research shows.

Homing in on a receptor for the fifth taste
Humans can recognize five tastes: bitter, salty, sour, sweet and umami.

Study shows weight loss with an antidepressant medicine in combination with lifestyle intervention
In a multi-center, placebo-controlled study, the sustained-release formulation of bupropion hydrochloride (Bupropion SR) in combination with a lifestyle intervention program that included an energy-restricted diet, and exercise, resulted in significant weight loss in obese patients up to 24 weeks

Effective treatment for children with ADHD and chronic tic disorders
Research has recently revealed an effective drug therapy for children who have chronic tic disorders (including Tourette's syndrome) concurrent with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
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