Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 05, 2002
UCSF study shows breast cancer screening programs that interpret the most mammograms
Accurate diagnoses are directly related to the number of mammograms interpreted by a physician, according to a UCSF study published in the March 6 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Children riding in extended cab pickup trucks are at greater risk of injury
Researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia have found that children who ride inside compact extended cab pickup trucks are at a greater risk of injury than children riding in other vehicles.

Covering substance abuse and addiction issues: What's new?
Journalists and writers are invited to attend this seminar sponsored by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health

Other highlights in the March 6 issue of JNCI
Other highlights of the March 6 issue of JNCI include a study that found an association between the consumption of tomato products and prostate cancer risk; a study that examines the role of the Ras gene in the regression of neuroblastomas; a study that looks at the role of gastrin-releasing peptide in the development of head and neck cancers; and a study that looks at methylation of steroid receptor genes in prostate cancer tissues.

Racial and ethnic minorities may receive less appropriate cancer treatment
Race and ethnicity may be associated with the receipt of cancer treatment.

Pregnant minority women have high rates of depression
More than half of pregnant blacks and Hispanics may be depressed, according to a new study that also suggests that stressful life events and poverty may be contribute to the relatively high rates among these women.

Preliminary evidence suggests possible nuclear emissions during experiments
Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Russian Academy of Sciences have reported results that suggest the possibility of nuclear reactions during the explosive collapse of bubbles in liquid, a process known as cavitation.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for March (first issue)
Newsworthy articles include studies showing that moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease leads to significant unemployment in the United States; moderate to severe sleep-disordered breathing in 135 healthy but mildly obese men was associated with glucose intolerance and insulin resistance; and that high serum levels of the hormone cortisol were associated with better lung function in a study of 28 children with stable asthma and 18 age-matched controls.

Dental research paper
Topics U-M researchers will discuss at national meeting include

Possible sound-induced nuclear fusion posited
A team of researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has reported the observation of phenomena that could point to the possibility of nuclear fusion using a novel technique for plasma confinement.

Surgeons to train on artificial bodies
Cardiff University's (Wales, UK)Manufacturing Engineering Centre (MEC) is developing a cost-effective realistic surgical trainer which means surgeons could soon be perfecting their key-hole surgery techniques on artificial bodies, produced by technology normally used to make precision tools and parts for industry.

Where there's fire
In the South, most controlled burning takes place during the first three months of the year, a time when the needs of human populations and forest ecologies can come into visible--and sometimes deadly--conflict.

Merck/AAAS announce 2002 winners for Undergraduate Science Research Program
The Merck Company Foundation and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) today announced the recipients of the 2002 award for the Merck/AAAS Undergraduate Science Research Program.

Most definitive study yet shows tiny particles in air are linked to lung cancer
Long-term exposure to air pollution that contains high concentrations of tiny particles of soot and dust significantly increases the risk of dying from lung cancer and heart disease, according to a new nationwide study.

Impact of public research pervasive across manufacturing sector, says management science study
Public research is making an important impact on three-fourths of all manufacturers, with significant influence on large-size firms and recent start-ups, according to a study about industrial research and development published in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®).

Volume of mammograms read may influence accuracy of diagnosis
Radiologists who read a higher volume of mammograms per year may have greater diagnostic accuracy in detecting breast cancers than radiologists who interpret fewer mammograms per year, a new study suggests.

UC Riverside awarded grant for hydrogen engine research
The College of Engineering--Center for Environmental Research and Technology at UC Riverside has received a grant from the Department of Energy to investigate ways of improving the performance of hydrogen engines in order to make them more competitive with fuel cell engines.

Ethical issues and the study of the human genome
The characterization of the human genome through the mapping and sequencing of human DNA is giving us new insight into our genetic heritage.

Exotic properties of 'quantum magnets' attract physicists
Stanford and NIST scientists are trying to understand the complex behavior of 'quantum magnets' as magnetic atoms are randomly replaced with nonmagnetic impurity atoms.

NASA study links El Niño and southern ocean changes
NASA researchers have found strong relationships between El Niño episodes and changes in climate and sea ice cover around Antarctica.

Smithsonian convenes international symposium on migratory bird biology
The Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center of the National Zoological Park and the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center are convening more than 150 of the world's experts in the ecology and evolution of migratory birds to share their latest theories and findings.

UMass polymer scientists aiming to turn scrap tires into environmentally friendly products
Researchers at the University of Massachusetts are working on two separate projects aimed at reducing the numbers of used tires clogging the nation's landfills.
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