Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 08, 2002
School-based program effective in lowering teens' HIV risk
A high school-based educational program led by teachers has longer lasting effects in preventing risky sexual behavior than a program led by peers, according to a new study.

NIAAA steps up search for brain mechanisms of alcohol abuse, alcoholism
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism announces a 5-year initiative funded at approximately $50 million to define the brain circuits and mechanisms that underlie behavioral responses to chronic and excessive alcohol consumption.

Teens with positive role models and religion less likely to use tobacco
Positive role models among both peers and adults, along with religious activity, may help protect young people from using tobacco.

Patients who need cardiac resynchronization therapy may be eligible for Cedars-Sinai clinical trials
Patients who suffer from advanced congestive heart failure and heart rhythm abnormalities may qualify to participate in one of two research trials now underway at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Regionalization of hospital caseloads may decrease mortality rates in pediatric surgeries
Harbor-UCLA Research & Education Institute (REI) announced new study findings that may play a pivotal role in reducing the number of deaths that occur during pediatric cardiac surgery.

Civil War offers insignts into medical practices
From traumatic injuries and widespread infection to epidemics and hygiene, the American Civil War was the spawning ground for a number of modern medical practices.

Endangered freshwater mussels saved
Saving endangered mussels is vital because mussels are the natural biological filters in the river system.

Many patients with coronary artery disease still fail to use aspirin therapy
Despite substantial evidence that aspirin saves lives and reduces the risk of heart attacks, a study conducted by Duke University Medical Center researchers indicated that, as of 1999, one in five people with coronary artery disease still did not take aspirin regularly.

UB dental researchers find novel peptide in saliva that kills broad range of fungi and bacteria
A small piece of protein from one end of a larger molecule found in human saliva has been shown in laboratory tests to have potent antimicrobial activity against several types of bacteria and fungi, some of which are resistant to current drugs.

Bridging gap from lab to market subject of nanotechnology conference
A conference focusing on business development opportunities in nanotechnology will be held April 25 and 26 at the Center for Innovative Technology in Herndon, Va.

Mayor Bloomberg proclaims March 11th 'NYU Downtown Hospital'
On September 11, 2001 with less than 10 minutes to prepare, NYU Downtown Hospital organized the most extensive disaster response ever undertaken by a U.S. hospital.

Young Amazonian manatee returned to wild
Harbor Branch Scientist Dr. Greg Bossart establishes a marine mammal veterinarian outreach program that is already saving endangered species, and helping to promote conservation and rehabilitation of endangered species of marine mammals.

Resumption of caspian caviar trade could mean extinction
Yesterday's announcement by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) that the Caspian Sea states could resume the caviar trade has been met with alarm by scientists and conservation organizations seeking to restore the beluga sturgeon, which is on the brink of extinction.

UC Riverside receives funding for research in preventing terrorism
The University of California, Riverside's Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering has received a grant of more than $2.6 million for the next three years from the Oklahoma City National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism.
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