Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 28, 2002
Parental rules linked to safer teen driving
Parents can play an important role in promoting safe driving habits in teens, according to the results of a study published in the April issue of Health Education & Behavior.

Brookhaven lab scientist wins Glenn T. Seaborg Award for Nuclear Chemistry
Joanna Fowler, a senior chemist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, has won the American Chemical Society's (ACS) 2002 Glenn T.

Community initiatives can lower adolescent pregnancy rates
Community-wide initiatives, including sex education in 7th and 8th grade, can reduce the incidence of teen pregnancy, according to the results of a study published in the April issue of Health Education & Behavior.

Crystalline materials could mean 3-D TV and ultrafast computers
In an advance that might do for television and computers what the transistor did for electronics, UCLA researchers have devised a means of directing the molecular action of crystalline materials that could lead to 3-D TV and light-driven computers that are a million times faster than today's computers.

Parenting News: More than one hour of TV a day may lead to violence, Science study suggests
Watching more than one hour of television per day may make adolescents more prone to violence in adulthood, according to new research.

Allergens and viruses act together to worsen asthma
Common allergens (such as dust mite and grass pollen) and viruses may act together to exacerbate asthma, concludes a study in this week's BMJ.

Study identifies new protein on neurons that may be useful as survival/growth factor
Researchers at the University of South Florida's Roskamp Institute have identified an immune molecule, CD40, on the surface of neurons that appears to promote both neuron development and protection.

NIAID study results support diluting smallpox vaccine stockpile to stretch supply
HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson today announced that results from a key clinical trial indicate that the existing U.S. supply of smallpox vaccine-15.4 million doses-could successfully be diluted up to five times and retain its potency, effectively expanding the number of individuals it could protect from the contagious disease.

New data on overcrowding crisis finds critically ill flooding emergency departments
A new study to be published in the April 2002 Annals of Emergency Medicine on emergency department use and capacity in California, sheds light on the overcrowding problem nationwide and provides the first objective data on this crisis in the United States.

Managed care linked to reduced hospital admission rates in California
In California, an increase in the penetration of managed care is associated with a reduction in hospital admission rates for outpatients with chronic health conditions, according to a UCSF study.

Epstein-Barr virus mechanism for long-term survival discovered
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects almost every person worldwide at some point in life.

West Coast earthquakes ongoing, scientists discover
The most recent evidence indicates there is an earthquake going on right now on the West Coast, yet no one feels it.

English-only education over bilingual education is explored in Contexts, ASA's newest magazine
The long war between English-only and bilingual education appears to have been settled, with English-only education winning.

Television viewing and aggressive behavior--a youth ministry expert comments
In a paper on

White House Science Advisor addresses energy issues at ACS meeting
John Marburger, and others will discuss science's role in nuclear, petroleum, carbon and climate change, fuel cells, alternative energy and sustainable mobility.

Scientific society offers development sessions for industrial members
What makes a Stradivarius sing. building an awesome surfboard, and contributions by chemists to homeland security are among the 32 professional development sessions awaiting industrial chemists and chemical engineers at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society, April 7-11, in Orlando.

Antarctica key to sudden sea level rise in the past
A massive and unusually abrupt rise in sea level about 14,200 years ago was caused by the partial collapse of ice sheets in Antarctica, a new study has shown, in research that solves a mystery scientists have been analyzing for more than a decade.

PNNL celebrates arrival of powerful NMR
The world's largest, highest-performing nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer (the research version of hospital MRI machines) has been delivered to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, where it will be used to advance studies in chemical, physical, biological and life sciences.

Sexual revolution and teenagers is explored in ASA's magazine, Contexts
The consensus of the mass media seems to be that, with apparent decreasing sexual activity, a new teenage conservatism is emerging.

UC Berkeley, LBNL chemists develop technology for cheap, plastic solar cells
Combining nanotechnology with new

U.S. Drug Policy Conference at Rice University
Rice University will bring together government, law-enforcement and judicial officials, academicians, health-care experts and representatives from drug-policy organizations around the world to examine the goals of and problems with U.S. drug policy.

World's largest scientific society recognizes successes of female friendly corporations
The American Chemical Society's on line employment web site, JobSpectrum.org
ACS aims to expand transition of minority students to four-year colleges
The American Chemical Society's Committee on Minority Affairs presents a symposium addressing the transition of minority students in the chemical sciences from two-year to four year institutions on Monday, April 8, 8:30 -11:30 a.m., in Florida Ballroom II of the Peabody Hotel, during its 223rd national meeting in Orlando, Fla.

Pitt researchers find men and women have different genes behind depression
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have found evidence that men and women have different genes that anchor the roots of depression, a revelation that could have a major impact on the way doctors treat patients in the future.

Astronomers discover a new class of objects in two nearby galaxies
Astronomers searching for globular star clusters in a nearby galaxy have discovered an entirely new class of objects, unlike anything previously described.

The American Chemical Society launches new online career service for students
JobSpectrum.org, the comprehensive online career and employment service of the American Chemical Society, is launching a new service to help undergraduate and graduate chemistry students transition to the workplace.

How aging cells retire
As we grow older, our hair turns gray, our bones grow thin and, among other changes, our telomeres shrink.

Study supports triple combination therapy for HIV
New evidence in this week's BMJ supports the use of up to three antiviral drugs (triple therapy) to treat people with HIV.

Neonatal autopsies yield valuable information
Over a quarter of neonatal autopsies yield important new information, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Vitamin supplementation could slow arteriosclerosis in heart-transplant patients
A US randomised trial in this week's issue of THE LANCET suggests that vitamin C and E supplementation could be of clinical benefit in delaying the onset of arteriosclerosis in the first year after heart transplantation.

Detector dogs showcase their forensic talent at ACS meeting
Using animals trained by the Florida highway patrol, forensic chemists will demonstrate the ability of detective dogs to sniff out controlled substances during a special session on Monday, April 8, at the American Chemical Society national meeting in Orlando.

Hormone drug linked to increased prevalence of male genital disorder
Results of a Dutch study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlight how a male genital disorder could be more common among boys born to mothers who were prenatally exposed to a synthetic hormone withdrawn in the late 1970s.

New findings about brain's 'compass' offer clues about Alzheimer's
A tiny section of the brain that is ravaged by Alzheimer's disease is more important for our ability to orient ourselves than scientists have long thought, helping to explain why people with the disease become lost so easily.

'Kids & Chemistry Live!' event mixes kids, chemists and chemistry
ACS members, including undergraduate chemistry students, professional chemists, chemical engineers and former classroom science teachers, will share chemical demonstrations and interactive experiments with participating children and their families.

The decline in crime rates is explored in ASA's magazine, Contexts
Skyrocketing violent crime rates obsessed Americans for decades. Over the past ten years, however, crime rates have been dropping.

Study pinpoints mechanism behind tamoxifen side effect
Researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have identified the underlying mechanism that causes one of the unwanted side effects of tamoxifen.

UCLA to host free symposium April 5 on extinctions in Earth's history
UCLA will host a symposium on

Renal colic shows a circadian pattern
Renal colic (spasms of pain in the back usually caused by kidney stones) occurs in a circadian pattern, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Experiments reveal ancient blood flow map
HHMI researchers studying how developing blood cells migrate to their proper destinations in fruit flies have discovered the ancestral role of VEGF, a protein better known for ensuring that tumors have adequate blood supply.

World's largest scientific society celebrates women's achievements
For 75 years, the Women Chemists Committee of the American Chemical Society has been a catalyst for the advancement of women chemists.

Small, slow growing urchin variety could affect commercial harvest
The discovery of a type of slow growing sea urchin that never attains legal size for harvesting in Maine's coastal waters has been reported by a team of scientists led by Robert Vadas, marine biologist at the University of Maine.

Statins may inhibit calcium growth on aortic valve in the elderly
People who take statins may have at least 60 percent less aortic valve calcium than people who do not take statins, according to a study in the March 30 edition of The Lancet.

Astronaut Mae Jemison speaks at scientific society luncheon
Dr. Mae Jemison, first black woman astronaut, will speak during the 223rd national meeting of the American Chemical Society in Orlando, Fla. on Monday, April, 8, at 11:30 a.m. in Florida Ballroom I of the Peabody Hotel.

USGS assessment: complex future for Appalachian coal
Coal provides more than half of our Nation's electrical energy needs.
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