Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 08, 2002
Ultrasound senses 'feel' of breast lesions
New and promising ultrasound techniques devised at Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering can

Researchers identify compounds that might help in spinal cord repair
Researchers at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine have identified a set of compounds that appear to overcome an important barrier to regenerating damaged nerves.

Memory loss after brain injury worse when E4 form of Alzheimer's gene present
Recovering memory after brain injury is harder for people who have the E4 type of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene - which is already known to influence Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study in the April 9 issue of Neurology.

Honey - the darker the better - Has potential as dietary antioxidant
Two new University of Illinois studies are sweet news to honey lovers.

Agricultural fungicide could cause irreversible immune system damage
Natural killer cells in the body's immune system could be rendered irreversibly powerless to guard against invading tumors and viral onslaughts after only a brief exposure to a compound found in some agricultural pesticides and fungicides.

Ford Foundation grant to study 'crisis' in social sciences
Social scientists are turning to their own methods in order to study themselves.

Daniel Freedman wins NSF CAREER Award
Daniel Freedman, 30, has been awarded a Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award from the National Science Foundation.

Molecule-by-molecule growth of thin films promises to speed up optical communication
Virginia Tech researchers are developing new organic materials for the conversion of electrical signals to optical signals.

Climate monitoring goes mobile
Scientists now have the capability to document atmospheric and climate change at locations nearly anywhere in the world, thanks to a new mobile atmospheric monitoring system developed at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

Winners don't take all: Study discovers new 'law' of competition on the World Wide Web
Study discovers striking pattern in the way web sites compete for attention among peers, differing substantially from competition across the entire web.

Scientific society recognizes women's contributions to the Manhattan Project
The American Chemical Society will celebrate the contributions of women scientists to the Manhattan Project with a symposium at the 223rd national meeting, April 8, in Orlando, Fla.

Vaccine puts blood-sucking ticks off their food
A new solution to controlling tick-borne diseases of animals and humans is the development of vaccines against the ticks and not the microbes that cause the diseases.

Study confirms seasonal fluctuation in immunity-generating cells among MS patients
Through a first-ever longitudinal study, researchers have confirmed that T-cells (white blood cells that fight infection and disease in healthy individuals) show seasonal fluctuation in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, and that the T-cells were at a high in the autumn months.

Fatty acid could offset postpartum depression and improve babies' development
Pregnant or nursing women may be able to reduce their chances of developing postpartum depression and improve the neurological development of their babies by increasing their consumption of the essential fatty acid DHA, an omega-3 fatty acid mostly found in fish like tuna and salmon and in algae.

Jefferson study shows low concentrations of chemotherapy drugs have antiangiogenic effects
New studies in mice indicate low doses of chemotherapy drugs given more frequently than usual and in tinier doses may target the process by which a new blood supply is created feeding tumor growth, called angiogenesis.

Tiny device blocks 'useless' part of heart, prevents blood clots
A tiny device implanted into the heart to prevent blood clots could reduce the risk of strokes in people with atrial fibrillation (AF), researchers report in today's rapid access publication of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Sandia's DAKOTA toolkit on web and available for free
Designers and analysts often ask themselves questions such as:

Researchers link stroke patients' anger and aggression to brain injury
The anger and irritability stroke patients exhibit may have more to do with an injury to the brain during the stroke than it does post-stroke depression, according to a study published in Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Tool pinpoints acceptable pricing of combination vaccines
Four infant vaccines. One injection. How much will the industry charge?

Wood adhesive is good, but could be better
The big trees are gone or protected. So wood composites -- from fast growing trees such as pine or poplar -- fill the need for wood as an affordable, versatile construction material.

Strengthening the case for life on Mars
Experiments to determine how water formed on Mars have led to the creation of simple molecules which are the building blocks of life.

Stanford researcher's uncommon approach to common cold fights cancer
Researchers at Stanford University Medical Center have been spreading colds to cancer patients, all in the hope of curing a deadly disease.

Ultra clean transportation fuels by deep desulfurization
A process that removes organic sulfur from liquid fuels at low temperatures and ambient pressure without using hydrogen, may help refiners provide fuels for fuel cells and meet the upcoming government's ultra-clean fuel requirements, according to Penn State researchers.

Polyphenols in tea may reduce risk of stomach, esophagus cancers
People who drink tea may be doing more than soothing a weary stomach--they might be preventing cancer, according to researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of USC and colleagues.

Hydrogel nanoparticles provide foundation for tunable photonic crystals via controlled de-swelling
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a family of hydrogel-based nanoparticles that can be used to form photonic crystals whose optical properties can be precisely tuned by thermally adjusting the particles' water content.

Cell Pathways' CP461 demonstrates multiple anti-cancer activities
CP461, an oral inhibitor of PDE1 and PDE5 now in Phase II clinical trials, increased survival in a rat model of human non-small cell lung cancer equivalent to that produced by injected Taxotere® (docetaxel), the currently approved chemotherapeutic for NSCLC.

The next generation of computers will be timeless
Faster, smaller computers are at an advanced stage of development in university research labs and will soon be replacing existing technology, claim scientists this week.

Rice research yields 'designer' carbon nanotubes
Researchers at Rice University say fluorine -- the most reactive element in nature -- could prove to be a key in unlocking the potential of carbon nanotubes and other carbon nanostructures.

Chemgenex reports use of chemical genomics strategies to advance drug development
Chemical genomics - the study of the effect of chemicals on gene and protein expression in cells and living systems - offers key insights that can facilitate drug development as well as the discovery and validation of new drug targets, say ChemGenex Therapeutics researchers.

Duke Cancer Center, ABC2 join to test brain cancer drugs
Researchers at the Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center and Accelerate Brain Cancer Cure (ABC2), a nonprofit foundation, hope to compress the lengthy and expensive process of testing new brain cancer drugs through a unique collaboration to accelerate drug development faster than traditional approaches.

Media Advisory 2 - 2002 spring meeting
Abstracts and the program for AGU's Spring Meeting are now available online.

Fatty acid from fish oil fights arrhythmias, sudden death
Daily supplements of a fatty acid found in fish oil halves the risk of sudden death in heart attack survivors, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Controlling chain end structure a stepping stone to new polymers
Polymer molecules are large, often like chains, so that within any polymer material, the number of chain ends is small.

Tick saliva genes key to Lyme disease vaccine
The proteins in deer tick saliva may be the key to developing a new vaccine for preventing Lyme disease and other tick-transmitted infections by protecting hosts against blood-feeding ticks.

UNC neuroscientist wins federal grant to study neural stem cell genetics
Dr. Larysa H. Pevny, assistant professor of genetics at the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Medicine and a member of the UNC Neuroscience Center has won a five-year federal grant to advance her laboratory's studies of a trio of genes involved in regulating neural stem cells.

Rush receives grant from IDPH to focus on prostate screening for African-American men
The department of Preventive Medicine at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center has received a grant from the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) to conduct a free prostate screening and referral program.

Brookhaven Lab scientist helps revise guidelines for voting systems
A scientist from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory has been helping the Federal Election Commission (FEC) to review and revise federal guidelines on voting systems.
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