Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 15, 2002
The brain risks of binge drinking
Neurodegeneration has been commonly thought to occur during alcohol withdrawal.

World Wide Web community behavior makes it less vulnerable to attack, more friendly to new sites
Contrary to the global

Brain-imaging study offers clues to inhalant abuse
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory -- inspired by schoolchildren who wanted to know more about

Impact of tuition fee increases on medical students
Tuition fees for medical school have more than doubled in Ontario while remaining relatively stable in other provinces.

New engineering teaching tools to be evaluated, rated based on effectiveness
A virtual community of engineering educators will develop and evaluate new instructional materials.

Alcohol, drugs and violence between intimate partners
Intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to verbal, psychological, and/or physical violence between two members of an intimately involved couple.

Scientists close in on trigger of insulin resistance
In experiments with fat cells, Johns Hopkins scientists have discovered direct evidence that a build-up of sugar on proteins triggers insulin resistance, a key feature of most cases of diabetes.

Workforce preparation in Taiwan focus of Fulbright research
As a Senior Fulbright Scholar and Visiting Lecturer in Taiwan, Curtis R.

Is medical school only for the rich?
In their survey of first-year medical students in Canada, Irfan Dhalla and colleagues found that medical students at Canadian medical schools differ significantly from the general population in terms of ethnic background and socioeconomic status.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet, April 16, 2002
Issue highlights include the following: two studies on diabetes in today's Annals of Internal Medicine; an easier way to predict diabetes than the oral glucose tolerance test; a report card on diabetes care in the United States; and a study suggesting that preventing partner violence is better than just treating the victims.

Nature's own antidote to cocaine
Some people's brains may harbor their own built-in defense system against the addictive powers of cocaine.

Calcium channel gene may play a role in severity of neurodegenerative brain disease
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and at the Centro InvestigaciĆ³n RehabilitaciĆ³n de Ataxia, in Holguin, Cuba have identified a gene that affects the severity and onset of a rare brain disease.

Sea Grant news: Shipworms, ozone, hurricanes
Research news includes, 1) New Composites May Reduce Shipworm Damage, 2) Ozone May Enhance Seafood Freshness, and 3) Houses Await Hurricane Storm Testing In Hopes of Better Construction Techniques.

Job hopes dim for new college grads
Young people, ages 16 to 24, have borne the brunt of the recession, according to data analysis from Northeastern University economists.

New drug raises good cholesterol
After only four weeks, people who took an investigational drug were able to increase their

Exploring the brain chemistry of people at risk for alcohol disorders
Children of alcoholics (COAs) tend to exhibit attention deficit disorder, hyperactive tendencies, rule breaking, and poor response to discipline.

Suicidal behavior among alcoholics
Alcoholics have a much higher rate of death by suicide than do members of the general population; Those alcoholics with a history of suicide attempts appear to have a significantly more severe course of alcohol dependence than other alcoholics; The fathers, mothers and siblings of alcoholics who had attempted suicide also showed a significantly higher prevalence of suicide attempts.

Getting power from the moon
If a physicist in Houston has his way you'll be able to say good-bye to pollution-causing energy production from fossil fuels.

New process speeds protein separation
A new process developed at the University of Michigan separates cellular proteins in hours instead of the days that previous methods required, an advance that could greatly aid efforts to understand how normal cells function and what goes awry in diseases such as cancer.

Testosterone aids older men's brains, UCSF study says
Older men with higher testosterone levels performed better on tests of cognition in a new study from UCSF researchers.

Study shows loosening managed care restrictions may improve doctor-patient relationship
Managed care restrictions that require patients to select a primary care physician or obtain authorization for specialty care referrals were associated with a low patient-practitioner relationship rating in a study conducted by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

2001 Lovelace Award goes to Dr. Dorothy Denning
The Augusta Ada Lovelace Award honors individuals who have excelled in the areas of outstanding scientific and technical achievement and extraordinary service to the computing community through their accomplishments and contributions on behalf of women in computing.

CRP levels predict risk of sudden death
Deadly plaques in the arteries can now be identified with a simple blood test, researchers report in one of the first studies of its kind.

Changes in agricultural practices help clean up Lake Erie
Changes in agricultural practices on farms around the Lake Erie basin have reduced the amount of pollutants in runoff into rivers that feed the lake, according to a landmark study by Case Western Reserve University geologists.

Kaleidescope eyes: the secrets of a novel gift
They are a phenomenon. Tuesday may be yellow, the middle C note on a piano could have an earthy, musky smell and the word grass might elicit the color purple.

Third North American Symposium on Skeletal Complications of Malignancy Convenes at NIH
Leading experts on bone complications of various cancers, including breast cancer, prostate cancer, and multiple myeloma, will meet at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), April 25-27, 2002, to present recent findings and discuss current issues in this area.

Nanotube-laced epoxy: three times harder, far better at conducting heat
One of nanotechnology's longstanding promises has become a reality: University of Pennsylvania scientists have determined that adding a relatively small number of carbon nanotubes to epoxy yields a compound three-and-a-half times as hard and far better at heat conductance than the product found in hardware stores.

Researchers find synthetic molecules that may literally be the key to 'locking away' unwanted DNA
Research chemists have a found a class of synthetic molecules that could quite literally act as a key which could lock away sections of DNA into a closely wound coil preventing proteins from interacting with particular sections of DNA code.

UMass scientist leads team that builds antibacterial molecules
A University of Massachusetts polymer scientist is part of a team that has found a new way to design and construct molecules that are antibacterial, and could someday be embedded in items ranging from countertops to

Patients needlessly suffering from chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting
Nearly two decades after the introduction of highly effective antiemetic (anti-nausea) therapies, almost a third of patients are still suffering from chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting (CINV).

Human antibodies against spores found by researchers suggest new tool to detect and treat anthrax
Human antibodies against Bacillus spores, of which one species is the cause of anthrax, have been identified by researchers at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI).

Fiscal incentives for urban regeneration - will they work in the UK?
There is growing interest from the UK government in the potential of 'tax-based measures' to encourage urban regeneration - not just standard tax breaks but also 'hypothecated' taxes (those raised for clearly specified local purposes) and voluntary forms of self-taxation in so-called 'business improvement districts'.

Enzyme halts muscle waste in mouse models of most-common childhood muscular dystrophy
The muscle destruction associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the most common childhood form of muscular dystrophy, is halted in mice when supplemental amounts of a naturally occurring enyzme are added to the skeletal muscle.

Implantable defibrillators cost-effective for preventing sudden death
In the first study of its kind, an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), a device used to treat heart rhythm abnormalities, was found to be moderately cost-effective for preventing sudden cardiac death, according to a report in today's rapid access Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Popular weed killer demasculinizes frogs, disrupts their sexual development
The nation's number-one herbicide, atrazine, is so widespread in the corn belt that no water source is free from it.

New tool speeds study of mammalian protein function
Harvard Medical School researchers report a new technique that can

The Lancet Neurology launched
THE LANCET NEUROLOGY (TLN), the third monthly specialty review journal from THE LANCET Publishing Group, is launched this month.
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