Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 17, 2002
Getting the facts on firearms straight
The assumption that bullets found at a crime scene can be chemically matched to those in a suspect's possession, is plain wrong, according to an American forensics consultant.

Gender differences in math interest and performance
Contrary to widely held belief, girls are not under-performing in middle school and high school math; girls' and boys' achievement in math classes is virtually the same.

Emory researchers study low testosterone and Parkinson's disease in men
Emory University researchers may have found a common but heretofore unrecognized link between low testosterone levels and certain non-motor symptoms (fatigue, depression, anxiety or sexual dysfunction) in male Parkinson's disease (PD) patients.

Longer lasting pack for long-lasting heartburn relief
The new 48-tablet pack of Zantac 75TM is now available.

New book explores impact of computer surveillance
Americans may enjoy the perks of living in the

UMass microbiology team probes bacterium's surprising survival tactics
A team of microbiologists at the University of Massachusetts has uncovered the unusual survival strategies used by a common bacterium.

Max-Planck doctoral student discovers 'living fossils'
For the first time in 87 years scientists have found insects which cannot be allocated to any known insect order.

'Cell death' mechanism identified, may lead to improved treatment
The key to unlocking improved therapies for herpes simplex encephalitis may lie in identifying the specific mechanisms of virus-induced neuronal degeneration that occurs with this disease.

Microbiology team probes bacterium's surprising survival tactics
A team of microbiologists affiliated with the University of Massachusetts at Amherst (UMass) has uncovered the unusual survival strategies used by a common bacterium.

16th Annual Depression Symposium features Pulitzer Prize-winning author, world-renowned neurosurgeon
Author William Styron and pediatric neurosurgeon Benjamin Carson, M.D., will be featured speakers at the annual symposium sponsored by the Johns Hopkins Affective Disorders Clinic and DRADA, the Depression and Related Affective Disorders Association.

University of Chicago chosen as Sun Microsystems Center of Excellence
Sun Microsystems selected the University of Chicago as a Sun Center of Excellence in bioinformatics, computational biology and medical informatics.

Physics tip sheet #9 - April 17, 2002
Highlights of this issue include identical twin photons, the attosecond camera and shape dependent molecular conductivity.

Physiology and pathophysiology of obesity
A series of briefings on the physiological nature of the rising US epidemic of obsesity are being held at the 115th Annual Meeting of the American Physiological Society (APS).

Lack of awareness of acute stroke symptoms and treatment
Important thrombolytic, or clot-busting, treatment for acute stroke victims may be underutilized due to poor recognition of stroke symptoms and inadequate knowledge of acute treatment options.

Retinal cell implantation shows promise and improvement in advanced Parkinson's disease patients
An innovative procedure, in which retinal cells are implanted in the brains of patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), is showing promise, according to a group of Emory University researchers.

Scientists push back primate origins from 65 million to 85 million years ago
New research that accounts for gaps in the fossil record challenges traditional methods of interpreting fossils and constructing evolutionary trees.

New insect order discovered for first time since 1915
An international team of scientists announced today the first discovery of a new insect order since 1915.

Europeans can't tell modified food by their labels, study finds
Although studies have found that 80 percent to 90 percent of Europeans say they don't want genetically modified foods, manufacturers who sell both genetically modified and conventional products have noticed that the two versions sell about the same.

Initial chemotherapy treatment reduces relapses in MS patients
Mitoxantrone, a chemical routinely used to fight breast cancer, leukemia and malignant lymphoma, has found a new disease to battle: Multiple Sclerosis.

Dartmouth hosts International Ewing's Sarcoma Symposium
From April 21-23, Dartmouth will host cancer specialists from around the world to discuss the second most common type of bone cancer, Ewing's sarcoma.

Let the robot revolution commence
Get set for a robotics revolution. Late this year, a Californian company plans to release a new operating system that it claims will do for robotics what Bill Gates did for the computer with Windows.

Forest fragmentation and birds
Not all forest-dwelling bird species have been declining in number, in spite of increasing forest fragmentation.

Lake mud holds secrets to forecasting future salmon abundances, Queen's researchers say
Startling research by Queen's University biologists reveals that surprisingly wide fluctuations in salmon populations occurred long before humans began fishing, or concerns were raised about depleted stocks.

URI professor receives NOAA Environmental Hero Award for hurricane research
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has given Isaac Ginis, an associate professor at the University of Rhode Island's Graduate School of Oceanography, a NOAA Environmental Hero Award for 2002.

Fetal cell transplants show long-term benefit for Parkinson's
Fetal cell transplants in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease can survive and improve the symptoms of the disease for as long as eight years after the transplant, according to research presented during the American Academy of Neurology's 54th Annual Meeting in Denver, Colo., April 13-20, 2002.
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