Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 29, 2002
New power plant combustion model lowers pollutant emissions at affordable cost
Engineers from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have developed a unique combustion method that results in lower power plant pollutant emissions by combining stage-combustion with nitrogen-enriched air.

Finding tiny particles in hurricanes may help with predictions
NASA-funded scientists are looking at microscopic ice particles inside hurricanes to determine if they contribute to the storm's strengthening or weakening.

Drug reduces risk of acute rejection in kidney transplantation
An international study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Research in fungal pathogenesis offers new hope of vaccine strategies for immunosupressed patients
Scientists at Harbor-UCLA Research & Education Institute (REI) are providing new hope for improved prevention and treatment of life-threatening infections caused by fungal pathogens.

From arts to neurobiology - versatile Duke scientist chosen for NSF Waterman Award
The National Science Foundation has given its highest honor for a young researcher to a man of many dimensions.

Autoimmunity in autism
Researchers from England show that unexpected bowel abnormalities in children with regressive autism may have a basis in autoimmunity.

HIV/AIDS education for women in jail could reduce epidemic nationally
Providing HIV and AIDS education to female jail detainees could reduce the HIV and AIDS epidemic in the United States and should become a national public health priority, Northwestern University study recommends.

Wetland Restoration: Addressing Asian Issues Through International Collaboration
The objective of this Symposium is to provide a forum for synthesizing existing knowledge about ecosystem processes as a foundation for effective wetland restoration in Asia.

Leaders in the field of optics to speak at CLEO/QELS Plenary Session
CLEO/QELS 2002 Plenary Speakers include: Wolfgang Ketterle from MIT, Steven K.

First live studies of important cell structures may shed light on Alzheimer's, other diseases
A just-published study describes for the first time a method of culturing important but poorly understood cell structures called Hirano bodies.

New research shows women's fertility starts declining from late 20s and men's from late 30s
New US-Italian research shows that a woman's fertility starts declining as early as her late 20s and a man's from his late 30s.

A small number of homeless people keep the ER busy
Efforts to reduce Emergency Department (ED) use among the homeless should focus on the needs of the small percentage that seek care repeatedly, according to a new study by UCSF researchers.

Yale researchers report on brain activity believed related to sudden infant death syndrome
Neurons thought to play a key role in sudden infant death syndrome are located near some of the largest arteries in the brain, a Yale study shows.

The paper chase
A number of biomedical journals designated articles to undergo accelerated review and publication to quickly relate important research or public health findings.

Drug cocktail prevents hepatitis B virus from recurring after liver transplant
UCLA researchers retrospectively reviewed survival rates of hepatitis B virus liver- transplantation patients.

Upland Oak Ecology Symposium
Conference Objective: To bring natural resource professionals together to increase our understanding of the history, ecology and status of upland oak forests based upon experimental or empirical findings, with an emphasis upon the Interior Highlands.

International Congress of the Transplantation Society in Miami August 25-30
Media are invited to attend the XIX International Congress of The Transplantation Society August 25 - 30 at the Westin Diplomat Resort and Spa, located on the Florida coast between Ft.

IBM and LLNL scientists show supercomputer advance in predicting materials strength
In a major advance in computer simulation of materials properties, IBM and LLNL scientists used one of the most powerful supercomputers as a computational microscope to peer deep inside to reveal how they break, and what makes them strong or weak, stiff or flexible.

Hope for kidney transplant patients of improved graft survival
Results presented at the American Transplant Congress from a study on kidney transplant patients with deteriorating kidney function show that the use of the immunosuppressant CellCeptĀ®(mycophenolate mofetil, MMF) allows for the safe withdrawal of cyclosporine, resulting in a significant improvement in the patient's kidney function.

Sea Grant News: Caulerpa, DNA water quality detectives, Kayaking in Maine
Sea Grant Research News: Caulerpa banned, DNA tracking E coli sources in water, Pathogen paths another water quality key, Kayaking for environmental stewardship.

Study yields new clues on body's rejection of transplanted organs
A new method for tracking immune-cell activity in mice could lead to new drugs for preventing organ rejection, according to a new study from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and Yale and Emory universities.

Researchers show beneficial role of bacterial DNA in fighting inflammatory bowel disease
A synthetic form of bacterial DNA, when administered to mice bred to model Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), reduces the harmful effects of this serious intestinal disorder while enhancing the immune system.

Brookhaven Lab researchers develop a new method for producing electrodes
Using nanoscale materials, researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a method to make electrodes that are suitable for use in rechargeable lithium ion batteries and other electronic devices.

'Forecasting' space weather
Much like tornado watchers look to the skies for clues a twister is forming, NASA and university scientists are watching the Sun in an effort to better predict space weather - blasts from the Sun that can impact people on Earth.

Special cell prevents diabetes in mouse model, report University of Pittsburgh researchers
A special type of dendritic cell unusual for its capacity to promote the swift death of T cells appears to prevent diabetes, according to pre-clinical studies performed at the University of Pittsburgh's Thomas E.

Stanford study shows now-familiar medications at core of better outlook for depressed patients
Enough Americans suffer from depression to fill Yankee Stadium 330 times over, and while depression rates continue to rise, people with the illness have reason to be hopeful.

UNC, other physicians setting up national registry
Physicians and clinical scientists at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine have enlisted colleagues around the nation to establish the first disease registry for an important but not well-publicized illness called the antiphospholipid syndrome.

Mastiffs could aid treatment of retinitis pigmentosa
The English mastiff dog has been revealed as the perfect animal model to study retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in humans and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) in dogs, researchers at Cornell University and University of Pennsylvania report.

Alzheimer's, other diseases, may benefit from first live studies of key cell structures
A new study describes for the first time a method of culturing important but poorly understood cell structures called Hirano bodies.

Scientists discover gene in human egg that may be necessary for female fertility
Fertility researchers at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) have discovered a gene present in the human egg that may be essential for early embryo development.

New drug holds promise to block clots in people with artery disease
The first study of a new drug designed to block blood clot formation showed no major adverse effects in people with stable coronary artery disease.

Yale study reinforces theory that babies count
Babies who look longer at certain objects are counting, not just looking at new shapes and textures, according to a study by Yale University researchers.
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