Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 01, 2002
Rice physicists observe new 'atom wave' phenomena
In the May 9 issue of Nature, Rice University physicists show for the first time that ultracold atoms can form bright

Male/female health differences during life's final season
Men and women suffer somewhat life-threatening health problems about equally in old age, a Penn State-led study has found; although, the genders differ in the numbers of very life threatening and not-at-all life threatening illnesses that befall them.

Study finds a huge child care workforce waiting to be trained
A new study that documents America's 2.3 million-member child care workforce demonstrates the challenge facing the nation in its quest to upgrade early learning.

Study quantifies cost-benefit of family interventions to prevent teen alcohol use
Iowa State University researchers have calculated that brief family intervention programs designed to discourage teen drinking are both beneficial and cost-effective.

Black raspberries a potentially powerful agent in fight against colon cancer
A potentially powerful biological weapon -- a mix of compounds suspected of thwarting colon cancer -- hides deep inside the juicy sweetness of a black raspberry.

HIV selectively suppresses anti-HIV defense cells
A new study confirms what HIV researchers until now only suspected: HIV selectively disables the immune system's response against the virus by disproportionately infecting the very cells designed to fight it.

UNC Center for AIDS Research database collaboration with SAS also helping patient care
A software grant from SAS to the UNC Center for AIDS Research for data warehousing is also yielding valuable patient care benefits.

UT Southwestern researchers identify gene responsible for a rare body-fat disorder
An international team of researchers led by scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have identified the gene that causes a rare body-fat disorder, a discovery that may ultimately expand the understanding of obesity-related illnesses.

Placebo, antidepressant may lift depression via common mechanism
Whether it's the popular antidepressant fluoxetine or a placebo, a successful treatment for depression must trigger a common pattern of brain activity changes, suggests a team of NIMH researchers.

A new 'atom wave' phenomenon
ONR-funded physicists at Rice University have shown that ultracold atoms can form bright

New grant supports research to reduce greenhouse gases
Soil carbon sequestration will reduce the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere while improving America's farmland and the nation's agricultural economy.

Strong R&D spending buttresses U.S. economic growth, report shows
S&E Indicators 2002 hints that international impact may increase Dramatic increases in research and development (R&D) investments during the past decade, largely from industry, have contributed to U.S. standing as a global economic powerhouse.

Cellphone exposure on trains
Here's another reason to get annoyed with mobile phones and other wireless gadgets in train carriages.

New hope for treating or avoiding heart failure after cancer drugs
New hope that heart failure - a potentially fatal side-effect of some types of cancer drugs - can be diagnosed early and successfully treated or even prevented, is reported in Annals of Oncology, journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology.

The Lancet Oncology (TLO) and The Lancet Infectious Diseases (TLID)
The first review in this month's TLO reviews the epidemiological evidence linking cancer incidence as a result of the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear explosion in the Ukraine.

New language learning linked to early language experience
The ability to learn a new language is determined by the onset of language experience during early brain development - regardless of the specific form of the language experience.

National leaders to speak at Yale 150th Anniversary Engineering Forum
Yale's faculty of engineering will convene a forum May 3 of leaders from government, industry and academia to explore

Media Advisory 3 - AGU 2002 spring meeting
A broad range of press conferences is under development for Spring Meeting, along with book talks, tutorials, award ceremonies, and other events of interest to science writers.

DEET brain effects in animals warrant caution
A Duke University Medical Center pharmacologist is recommending caution when using the insecticide DEET, after his animal studies last year found the chemical causes diffuse brain cell death and behavioral changes in rats after frequent and prolonged use.

Xeloda approved for breast cancer treatment in Europe
Roche announced that the European Commission has granted marketing authorisation for Roche's anti-cancer tablet Xeloda (capecitabine) for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer.

MelTec GmbH characterizes protein networks involved in T-cell invasion
MelTec GmbH, a functional proteomics company, today announced the publication of two scientific studies in the April 2002 issue of the Journal of Theoretical Medicine, describing the protein networks involved in T-cell invasion in Sarcoid myopathy and Polymyositis.

Depressed brains get better on placebo!
Depressed patients who got better after taking a placebo for six weeks showed brain changes that were remarkably similar to patients who responded to an anti-depressant drug.

Statement from Spondylitis Association of America
The Spondylitis Association of America (SAA) is encouraged by a successful clinical trial showing that the drug EnbrelĀ® (entanercept) provides relief for patients suffering from Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Drug breaks for HIV-infected individuals may put certain immune cells at risk
Disruption of antiretroviral therapy by patients infected with HIV may be putting certain T-cells in their bloodstream at greater risk for infection with the deadly virus if it is allowed to rebound, a study in the May 2 issue of the journal Nature concludes.

New home elevator provides an option for elderly, disabled
A home elevator can cost upward of $20,000, which is a steep price for the disabled or elderly who wish to maintain their independence.

Scripps researchers use high-tech imagery for new insights into breaking wave dynamics
To surfers, breaking waves represent the thrill and challenge at the core of their sport.

New treatment for spinal disorder proves effective in UCSF study
The pain and stiffness suffered by a quarter of a million people with the inflammatory spinal condition ankylosing spondylitis can be significantly relieved with a drug already approved for rheumatoid arthritis, according to results of a clinical trial published in The New England Journal of Medicine.

New x-ray resource for examining biomolecular structures
The National Center for Research Resources (NCRR), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announces plans to build three new beamlines for biomedical synchrotron radiation research at Argonne National Laboratory's storage ring in Chicago, Illinois.

Working in Britain in 2000
New research from the ESRC Future of Work Programme shows that the permanent job is still very much the norm for employees in the UK.

Vitamin C transporter gene discovery in mice
In what could provide new clues to the causes underlying the serious complications associated with premature birth, scientists at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) have discovered a possible link between reduced vitamin C availability during pregnancy, and the devastating respiratory failure and massive cerebral bleeding that can occur immediately following premature birth.

Anti-depression drug beats nicotine therapy in helping women quit
A smoking cessation medication that is also used to treat depression may be a better choice than nicotine replacement therapy for women who want to quit smoking for good, a new study indicates.

Physics tip sheet #11 - May 1, 2002
Highlights of this issue include experimental control of heart rhythms, how drops drip, hydrogen at extremely high pressures and entanglement from noise.

Tungsten photonic lattice changes heat to light
Tungsten-filament bulbs -- the most widely used light source in the world --burn hands if unscrewed while lit.

Squirrels rise from hibernation
Ground squirrels wake up once a week from their deep hibernating sleep.
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