Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 08, 2002
Biologists take new look at metabolism
Research in metabolism published in this week's issue of Nature explains that the relation between rates of metabolism and body mass in animals may be more complicated than current models can describe.

Genetic mutation plays major role in adrenal cancers
New research suggests inherited genetic mutations play a larger role than previously thought in the development of a rare form of adrenal cancers called pheochromocytomas, or

Scientists debate wisdom of plan to save Venice from flooding
The Italian government recently decided to move forward with planning for the construction of underwater, mobile floodgates to mitigate flooding in Venice.

NSF Director's Awards recognize connection between research and teaching
Six university faculty members who have found significant ways to connect research with teaching will receive this year's National Science Foundation (NSF) Director's Awards for Distinguished Teaching Scholars (DTS) for imaginative teaching applications in such areas as multimedia visualization, online resources for the study of fractal geometry, and spectroscopy and photochemistry to teach chemistry.

Physics tip sheet #12 - May 8, 2002
Highlights of this issue include perfect sonic insulators, femtosecond light pulses, the sounds of DNA and whether life should be common in the universe.

Turning off building lights reduces bird window-kill by 83%
New data never published reveals that turning off building lights in a big city could save thousands of migratory birds a day.

Institute will study how worker health affects productivity and profit
The Cornell University Institute for Health and Productivity Studies, established in collaboration with The MEDSTAT Group, will study how employee health and well-being influence work-related productivity and the cost effectiveness of health and productivity management programs.

Carnegie Mellon pioneer in NMR wins Gunther Laukien prize
Aksel Bothner-By, emeritus professor of chemistry at Carnegie Mellon University, was one of three recipients for the Gunther Laukien prize for contributing to cutting-edge nuclear magnetic resonance research.

Emory vaccine study in South Africa achieves significant reductions in pneumonia
In a recent clinical trial conducted in 40,000 children, scientists from Emory University and the University of Witwatersrand found that a new version of a pneumococcal vaccine reduced the incidence of pneumonia in vaccinated children by more than 20%.

LSU researcher studies the effect of viral infection on allergic airway diseases in horses
Recurring airway obstructions in horses are almost certainly caused by allergic reactions, according to research conducted at LSU's School of Veterinary Medicine.

Smaller aneurysms best left alone
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) can be deadly if they rupture, but a study by the Department of Veterans Affairs has found it is better not to correct the problem with surgery unless the aneurysm exceeds a certain size.

In midst of drought, scientists hunt for water vapor
Humidity doesn't guarantee rainfall, especially in a drought. Chasing a target that's not only moving but invisible, over 100 researchers will profile the water vapor that feeds heavy rain and thunderstorms across Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas as part of the large, complex International H20 Project (IHOP2002).

Study finds intraocular pressure improved when switched to XALATAN® from other monotherapy
Switching to XALATAN® (latanoprost ophthalmic solution) once daily from monotherapy with other medications, including prostaglandin derivatives, for open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension resulted in improved or maintained intraocular pressure (IOP) control, according to new data presented at the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) annual meeting in Fort Lauderdale.

Brain-imaging cap under study for space and Earth use
A lightweight, imaging cap being designed to assess brain function may go where no MRI has gone before.

New technique to make gene therapy more efficient
Scrunching up DNA into nanoparticles could be the key to delivering genes to cells to make up for genetic faults.

XALACOM® more effective than Cosopt® for IOP reduction in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertens
XALACOM® (fixed combination latanoprost 0.005% and timolol 0.5%) once-daily is more effective for the reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) than Cosopt (fixed combination dorzolamide 2% and timolol 0.5%) twice-daily in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension, according to a study presented at the annual conference of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) in Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Carnegie Mellon's Sara Kiesler elected to CHI Academy
Sara Kiesler, a Carnegie Mellon University professor of human-computer interaction, was one of six people to be elected to the CHI Academy, the highest recognition of advancement in the field of computer-human interaction.

New research on pulmonary and critical care medicine at the ATS meeting
New research findings and state-of-the-art overview sessions related to pulmonary disorders and critical care medicine will be featured at ATS* 2002, the American Thoracic Society's 98th International Conference scheduled for May 17 - 22 at the Georgia World Congress Center.

UCSD to host Second Annual National Meeting of the American Synesthesia Association
Synesthetes and the scientists and researchers who study their unique experiences, will gather at the University of California, San Diego, May 17-19, for the second annual national meeting of the American Synesthesia Association.

Scientists recover North Pole mooring from 2½ miles deep in ocean
A team led by University of Washington scientists is just back from the North Pole after recovering 3,500 pounds of instruments and equipment from a mooring anchored to the seafloor for a full year, eight times longer than the only previous mooring at the pole.

Researchers discover clues to whale evolution
A team of international scientists, including Hans Thewissen, an anatomist and paleontologist at the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine (NEOUCOM), has discovered that the inner ear of whales evolved much more quickly than expected, allowing the animals to become fully aquatic early in their evolution.

Non-lethal weapons kept secret
Engineered bugs that corrode roads, runways and metal parts of vehicles.

Rutgers psychologist achieves national scientific honor
Rutgers professor Charles R. Gallistel has been elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences, achieving one of the highest honors a U.S. scientist or engineer can attain.

New treatment for common wart
Dermatologists at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) in Little Rock have developed a new treatment for common warts that appears to be more successful than any standard method.

Weizmann Women & Science Award to Dr. Susan Solomon, NOAA
The 2002 Weizmann Women & Science Award will be presented to Dr.

USAID-supported research leads to new formula of ORS that will save millions of lives
Below are highlights of the new improved ORS formula to be released at the UN Special Session on Children held May 8-10 in New York, New York.
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