Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 20, 2002
Elderly colon cancer patients benefit from chemotherapy and surgery
Approximately 50 percent of elderly patients who have advanced, but not metastatic, colon cancer do not get chemotherapy after surgery.

Prehistoric human footpaths lure archaeologists back to Costa Rica
Ancient, buried footpaths visible using satellite instruments but invisible on the ground to the human eye will be studied in Costa Rica this summer after a 20-year hiatus by University of Colorado at Boulder and NASA archaeologists.

Drinking wine, particularly white wine, may help keep lungs healthy, UB study finds
Drinking wine appears to be good for the lungs, a University at Buffalo study has shown, and in this case, the primary credit goes to white wine rather than red.

FDA approves Actonel for once-a-week use
The FDA has approved a new 35 mg once-a-week dosage strength for Actonel for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Paths to egalitarian gender attitudes differ
Among forerunners, or people who foreshadow the easing of traditional gender attitudes, men must grow up in a nontraditional household to become forerunners, but women develop forerunner attitudes through later life education and work experiences, researchers say.

FTC commissioner to speak at workshop on computer security and privacy
FTC Commissioner Mozelle Thompson and leading corporate infotech experts will speak at a Carnegie Mellon Workshop on the relationship between privacy and security.

Compound identified in grapes may fight cancer and diabetes
Researchers with the U.S. Department of Agriculture have identified another compound in grapes that they believe shows promise in fighting cancer.

American cancer specialists disagree about the purpose of clinical trials
Previous research has demonstrated that many clinical trial subjects incorrectly believe that the primary purpose of the trial is to benefit participants rather than to advance therapy for future patients.

Indiana University orthopaedic surgeon to share cartilage growth research results
Dr. Stephen Trippel's research involves articular cartilage repair through the use of a naturally occurring growth factor.

Researchers solve killer protein's 'crime'
Rockefeller researchers, led by Professor Hermann Steller, may have figured out a novel way to coerce tumor cells into killing themselves, while leaving nearby healthy cells unharmed.

Bacteria discovered in cave produce potential anti-cancer drug
A bacterium discovered Mammoth Cave in Kentucky produces a substance that may be an effective anti-cancer drug.

Scientists warn against anti-aging hype
Fifty-one scientists who study aging warn consumers about false claims and the medical dangers of anti-aging therapies in the June 2002 issue of Scientific American.

The pathway to anxiety begins early in life
The circuitry in the brain that leads to anxiety first gets established in early development, according to new findings in mice by researchers from Columbia University Health Sciences and colleagues elsewhere.

Some patients are candidates for combined heart bypass, lung transplant surgeries
For patients who have been precluded from receiving a lung transplant because of their underlying coronary artery disease, Duke University Medical Center researchers have shown that they can achieve similar positive outcomes by performing revascularization procedures such as coronary bypass operations immediately prior to the transplant surgery.

Study finds potential danger to workers in food flavoring manufacturing
Workers in the food flavoring manufacturing industry may be at risk of developing an irreversible type of damage to the lungs, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society Conference in Atlanta on May 20.

Will gallium nitride revolutionize electronics as it has optoelectronics?
Two experts, Umesh Mishra and Lester Eastman, have teamed up to write an article on the prospects for the gallium nitride transistor.

Leading Minds of tomorrow, rewarded today
Annoucement of the 2001 AstraZeneca Young Minds in CNS Award Winners.

Delaware researchers receive award for 'greener' herbicide production
A team of chemists from E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Inc., in Wilmington, Del., will be honored May 29 by the American Chemical Society for developing a

New Jersey researcher receives award for petroleum research
Chemist Shun C. Fung, Ph.D., of ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company in Annandale, N.J., will be honored May 29 by the American Chemical Society for petroleum research that has improved our understanding of catalysts -- substances widely used by the petroleum industry to produce high-octane gasoline and basic chemicals.

Jefferson researchers show angiostatin is safe when given with radiation for advanced cancer
Results from one of the first clinical studies of a highly-publicized cancer drug candidate, Angiostatin, designed to halt tumor growth by cutting off its blood supply indicates it is safe when combined with radiation therapy in the treatment of advanced cancers.

New technology creates 'super soap'
Scientists have developed innovative soap technology that significantly reduces the attachment of bacteria to the skin.

Media Advisory 4 - AGU Spring Meeting Press Conference Schedule
Spring Meeting will feature a wide array of press conferences on such topics as geophysics vs. terrorism, Galileo's final observations of Io, plans for safely exploring Lake Vostok, identifying conflict diamonds, a live report from the Galapagos Rift seafloor, and detecting earthquakes from satellites.

Choice-based placement policies are insufficient to shift low-income and minority students
Freedom of choice policy in course placement, though popular among educators as a means to promote greater equity within secondary schools, fails to eliminate other barriers to high-level courses, particularly for low-income students and students of color.

Optimistic outlook may benefit lungs
An optimistic outlook may improve lung function, suggests a study presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Atlanta May 20.

Unique population of muscle stem cells found in mice
Transplanting a unique population of muscle stem cells from healthy newborn mice delivers dystrophin, a key protein for muscle function, into mice born with a genetic muscle-wasting disease similar to Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Johnny Huard, Ph.D., and his colleagues report in the May 27 issue of the Journal of Cell Biology.

Advances developed to detect bioterrorist agents could find use in protecting food supplies
Technologies developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers and other scientists to fight bioterrorism could find another use -- detecting naturally occurring pathogens in food.

New Jersey researcher receives award for developing ozone-friendly aerosol
Scientist Jawahar C. Parekh of Reheis, Inc., in Berkeley Heights, N.J., will be honored May 29 by the American Chemical Society for developing the first aerosol antiperspirant that does not contain ozone-depleting chemicals such as Freon.

Wisconsin chemist and educator receives award for fostering diversity
Chemist and educator Catherine Hurt Middlecamp, Ph.D., of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, will be will be honored June 3 by the American Chemical Society for encouraging women and minorities to study and teach chemistry.

Happy 80th birthday, vitamin E!
Vitamin E was discovered by Dr. Herbert Evans in 1922.

Stress leaves blood vessels tightly wound
Mental stress causes the inner layer of the blood vessels to constrict, which may increase the risk of sudden cardiac death, researchers report in today's rapid access Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

2002-2003 AARP Andrus Foundation scholarship-fellowship program awardees announced
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE) congratulates the awardees of the 2002-2003 AARP Andrus Foundation graduate scholarship and fellowship program in gerontology and aging studies.

CONVINCE trial results unveiled at annual hypertension meeting
An international hypertension study of more than 16,000 patients found that patients treated with three-year sustained blood pressure control with extended-release verapamil (COVERA-HS™) or standard of care therapy (atenolol or hydrochlorothiazide) had similar incidences of heart attack, stroke and cardiovascular death.

White wine may benefit lungs
The next time you are deciding whether to order white wine or red wine, consider this: A study presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Atlanta on May 20 concludes that while both types of wine bolster lung function, white wine seems to have a more positve effect on lung health.

Improving accuracy of cross-cultural neuropsychological testing
A new Columbia study shows that measuring reading could improve the cognitive and neuropsychological assessment of elderly people from diverse educational backgrounds.

'Meow' isn't language, but enough to manage humans
Elaborations on

Iron-binding compounds decrease body odor
Iron in human sweat is a necessary ingredient for bacteria to create the compounds responsible for body odor, and fortifying deodorants with an active system that starves these bacteria of iron significantly decreases body odor.

Columbia dental school receives grant to expand oral health services for underserved children
The School of Dental and Oral Surgery at Columbia University (SDOS) has been awarded $220,000 through a new Robert Wood Johnson Foundation program--Caring for Kids: Expanding Dental and Mental Health Services Through School-Based Health Centers--to expand oral health care services for children in Harlem, a neighborhood of northern Manhattan that has been designated a dental and medical health professional shortage area.

Engineers create robotic system to make composite material
A team of researchers is developing a robotic system to reduce the production cost of a lightweight, heat-resistant composite material, offering promise for future widespread applications.

Depression predicts quality of life for lung transplant patients
Duke University Medical Center researchers have shown that depression is a significant predictor of worse quality of life and perceived shortness of breath in patients awaiting lung transplantation.

Effect of race in prostate cancer survival is questioned
African-American patients with advanced prostate cancer survived slightly longer than white patients, according to a multi-institutional study led by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers.

Eisenhower Mem. 1st CA hospital to use Bridge barcode system to prevent medication errors
Eisenhower Medical Center (EMC) President and CEO G. Aubrey Serfling announced at a news conference that Eisenhower is the first California healthcare provider to embark on a program to use barcode technology to intercept both medication and blood transfusion errors at the hospital bedside.

New food-addiction link found
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that the mere display of food -- where food-deprived subjects smell and taste their favorite foods without actually eating them -- causes a significant elevation in brain dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with feelings of pleasure and reward.

USPSTF urges primary care doctors to screen all adults for depression
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) today recommended that doctors screen all adult patients for depression.

Terror aftermath tough on psychiatric patients, study shows
Findings from a post-Sept. 11, 2001, study by Brown University researchers support the idea that psychiatric patients are at increased risk for experiencing distressing symptoms following national terrorist attacks.

Researchers identify new signs of depression and anxiety in patients
Duke University Medical Center researchers have found that patients who report that they have poor health and high levels of pain or disability are more likely to suffer from anxiety and depression than other patients in a primary care environment.

University of Southern Mississippi's 'safari' targets baby bluefin tuna
Univesity of Southern Mississippi marine biology detectives are on safari, looking for offspring of the largest living species of tuna in the world.

New wireless imaging test identified the cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in majority of patients
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center report that a new imaging test identified the cause of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in the majority of patients unable to be diagnosed with conventional imaging methods.

New Jersey chemist and educator receives award for fostering diversity
Chemist and educator Jeannette Brown of the New Jersey Institute of Technology in Newark, N.J., will be will be honored May 29 by American Chemical Society for encouraging women and minorities to pursue chemistry studies and careers.

Study: ER docs can give stroke clot-busters safely, but patients need to get to ER faster
Emergency room physicians can deliver clot-busting drugs to appropriate stroke patients as quickly and safely as dedicated stroke teams, if they follow guidelines set by national organizations, a new study finds.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, May 13, 2002
Articles in this addition include 1). New recommendations: doctors should screen all adults for depression, 2).

New evidence for dark dwarf galaxies supports dark matter theory
Two scientists have found evidence that galaxies are surrounded by halos containing hundreds of invisible dwarf galaxies. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to