Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 03, 2002
Inner city adolescents identify jobs, education as keys to their future
Inner city teenagers in North Philadelphia identified education and employment opportunities as the most important factors that would help them achieve a positive future.

Preeclampsia linked with higher risk of preterm delivery and later-life vascular disease
Research being presented by scientists from the Magee-Womens Research Institute and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine at the 13th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy suggests that preeclampsia may be linked to increased risk of preterm delivery and later-life hypertension and cardiovascular disease.

New hope for diabetics in treating blindness
Australian research has led to clinical trials of a drug that could provide a painless and non-destructive way to treat blindness in diabetics.

IBM, NASA collaborate to support Mars exploration rovers
NASA scientists analyzing data from the upcoming Mars Expedition Rover expeditions will use a new computer plasma/touch screen collaboration tool inspired by a usability research project at IBM's Almaden Research Laboratory.

Falklands penguins forage far enough from home to get into trouble
As the world's spiraling population creates greater demand for resources, the southern Atlantic Ocean is becoming a more popular spot to consider for fishing and oil exploration.

Statin drugs lower heart disease risk in postmenopausal women
Treatment with a cholesterol-lowering statin can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease and possibly death in postmenopausal women taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT), investigators report in the rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Focus on the renaissance
On June 3, 2002, from 4.30 p.m., the Art History Institute (KHI) in Florence will celebrate its transfer into an academically independent institute supported by the Max Planck Society.

New climate study shows California's vulnerability to global warming
Researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz, have produced a detailed picture of how California's climate is likely to change within the next 50 to 100 years as a result of global warming.

Rats depleted of salt become sensitized to amphetamine, show unusual growth of brain cells
Rats that have been repeatedly depleted of salt become sensitized to amphetamine, exhibting an exaggerated hyperactive response to the drug and an unusual pattern of neuronal growth in part of their brains.

Despite resources, at-risk infants in US fare no better, researchers find
Despite unrivaled resources devoted to neonatal intensive care in the US, tiny newborns have similar survival to those in other developed countries, Dartmouth Medical School researchers found, contradicting a common assumption that at-risk infants in the US fare better.

Children's psychological well-being improves after divorce, but test scores do not
A new national study suggests the psychological damage from divorce fades for children within three years, but their academic performance continues to decline.

NYU Medical Center selects Siemens as strategic partner
NYU Medical Center announced today that it has entered into a strategic alliance with Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc., designed to establish the academic medical center as one of the nation's preeminent institutions for imaging in clinical care and scientific research.

Protein complex found to regulate first step in human blood clotting
Using human blood, Brown University scientists show that a complex of seven proteins is required for platelets to form the shape-changing filaments that begin a blood clot.

Sedentary older women who fall at greater risk for motor vehicle crashes
Recent research indicates a new potential benefit to walking for exercise: safer driving.

High cholesterol and calcification are to blame for aortic valve disease
A study published today in Circulation authored by researchers at Northwestern Memorial Hospital is the first to explain the mechanism responsible for aortic valve disease and points to possible benefits of using statins to treat patients with early stages of the aortic valve disease process.

Test predicts if breast cancer chemotherapy will work
This study predicted 100% of the time which patients would respond to chemotherapy, and 83% of the time which patients would not respond.

Center will create wireless sensors to monitor environment, buildings
Buildings that

NHLBI study shows weight concerns increase girls' risk of becoming smokers
Concern about weight and the drive to be thin increase the risk a girl will become a daily smoker by the time she's 18 or 19 years old, according to a new study sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Prof. Shmuel Ben-Sasson wins first prize in Kaye Awards
One of the first concrete results of the Human Genome Project is a formula for developing medications.

Domestic violence causes long-term health consequences for women
A Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing study concludes female victims of physical and/or sexual abuse have a significantly higher rate of common health problems, even after the abuse ends, compared to women who have never been abused.

Protozoan chosen for genome sequencing
A protozoan that has been studied by a University of California, Santa Barbara scientist for the past 46 years has been assigned high priority for genome sequencing by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI).

One-on-one with pharmacists gives patients medication advantage
After spending nearly an hour talking one-on-one with a pharmacist, participants in a new study reported using fewer medications and having far fewer drug-related problems.

Cocaine use in warm environments impairs body's cooling mechanisms -- and can be lethal
Cocaine, even in small amounts, can be fatal when taken in warm environments, such as hot weather, crowded nightclubs or rave parties - all-night dance parties where illicit cocaine use is common - according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

New journal series will educate physicians about medical errors
A new journal series,

Outsourcing strategy affects performance, according to study of semiconductor industry
While outsourcing has become increasingly popular among businesses worldwide, a new study found that it only enhances firm performance in certain situations.

Tiny wounds on eye may lead to big problems in certain cases
Almost one in 13 soft contact lens wearers in a recent study had abrasions on their corneas severe enough to lead to infections or other problems.

Hebrew University professor designs medication to lower recurrence of cardiovascular disease
Prof. Gershon Golomb, chairman of the School of Pharmacy at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, has designed a medication to prevent certain potentially fatal obstructions in the arteries from reoccurring after they are removed.

130-year-old mysteries solved: how nitroglycerin works; why patients develop tolerance
For more than 130 years, doctors have prescribed nitroglycerin for relief of chest pain without a clear knowledge of how it actually worked.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, June 4, 2002
Topics included in this tip sheet include: New Annals series explores medical errors; first case study is

Advance warning of storms and cyclones with new technique
The catastrophic flooding in Jakarta in February this year could have been predicted nearly 3 weeks in advance with a new technique being developed by Dr Matt Wheeler and colleagues at the Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre in Australia.

RSV prevention protects preemies' lungs for many years
A short-term treatment to prevent RSV infection in premature infants with lung disease provided significant respiratory and immunologic benefits up to 10 years later, according to newly published research.

New, non-invasive surgical procedure to eliminate epileptic seizures
The Indiana University School of Medicine is one of six institutions in the nation participating in the National Institutes of Health clinical trial of a new, non-invasive surgical procedure to eliminate epileptic seizures due to intractable epilepsy.

Collaboration advances potential therapy for autoimmune diseases
PNNL has launched a collaboration with Advanced Biotherapy Inc. and New Horizon Diagnostics Inc. and Russian scientists to develop a more effective treatment for autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis, which afflict nearly 50 million Americans.

Air-sampling study IDs source of excessive ozone pollution
Using data from one of the most comprehensive U.S. air pollution studies ever conducted, scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory have identified specific volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as key sources of excess ozone smog in industrial areas of Houston, Texas -- which appear to be different from traditional sources of ozone pollution in typical urban areas around the country.

Black hole dynamo may be cosmos' ultimate electricity generator
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory believe that magnetic field lines extending a few million light years from galaxies into space may be the result of incredibly efficient energy-producing dynamos within black holes that are somewhat analogous to an electric motor.

Nitric oxide crucial to respiration
Investigators from Duke University Medical Center and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) have demonstrated that red blood cells play a crucial and active role in responding to the oxygen needs of tissues and that furthermore, the chemical nitric oxide is key to this process, leading the researchers to conclude that the chemical should be considered as the third major blood gas -- along with oxygen and carbon dioxide -- to be monitored in patients.

Laser beams help take the twinkle out of starlight
Synthetic stars let astronomers peer through the atmospheric distortions that make real stars twinkle.

Doppler test detects those with gene for early heart enlargement risk
A simple imaging test may identify individuals who are at risk for having the gene for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a disease that causes thickening of the heart and early sudden death, researchers report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Hebrew University student develops method to check if AIDS patients developed resistance to drugs
Lital Alfonta, a Ph.D. candidate in the Faculty of Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, has developed a fast, inexpensive test to determine if an AIDS patient has developed resistance to the medication he is taking.
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