Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 04, 2002
Rush receives Magnet Award for excellence in nursing
Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center in Chicago announced today that is the only medical center in Illinois caring for adults and children, and one of only 51 hospitals nationwide, to receive the Excellence in Nursing Service designation from the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) Magnet Nursing Services Recognition Program.

Prying eyes? Researchers can keep it confidential
Patient privacy is a touchstone of medicine. But what about the privacy of those who are responsible for many of the breakthroughs in health care--researchers?

Science editor explores the role of environmental change on global security
Hijackings, bioterrorist attacks and suicide bombings aren't the only human-induced threats to global security.

Stanford researcher identifies genes pointing to liver cancer
Cancerous liver cells rely on a different set of genes than normal liver cells in order to function.

Studies call for quality assurance in selecting candidates for herceptin trials
Two new studies suggest that local laboratories are not as accurate as central testing facilities at identifying women most likely to benefit from Herceptin.

New coastal research center to aid wildlife conservation in Texas
A new conservation and research center established by a private ranch and the University of Houston will provide a location for environmental studies aimed at protecting the natural resources and wildlife on the Texas coast.

Methods used in reporting results of new treatments may be misleading
Articles appearing in five top medical journals often present results in a way that may be misleading, according to two UC Davis School of Medicine researchers.

First quarter 2002 prescription drug spending: Higher again, but rate of increase drops
The nation's rapid upward trend in prescription drug spending continued during first quarter 2002 but at a slightly lower rate of 19.3 percent compared to 19.8 percent in first quarter 2001.

Botanists discover new conifer species in Vietnam
An unusual conifer found in a remote area of northern Vietnam has been identified as a genus and species previously unknown to science.

Other highlights in the June 5 issue of JNCI
Other highlights of the June 5 issue of JNCI include a study examining the accuracy of cancer registry data, a study suggesting that blocking a specific growth factor can prevent primary tumors in the lymph nodes but not ones that have spread to distant organs, a study comparing the performance of cancer risk counselors with that of a computer model, and a study that identifies an early step in the process of breast cancer carcinogenesis.

Study of aquatic mussels indicates they may yield new antifouling materials, surgical adhesives
A possible role in surgical adhesion for aquatic mussels is among research topics to be discussed at the 34th annual Great Lakes Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, June 2-4, at the Radisson Hotel Metrodome and the McNamara Alumni Center, in Minneapolis.

Climate change may become major player in ozone loss
While industrial products like chlorofluorocarbons are largely responsible for current ozone depletion, a NASA study finds that by the 2030s climate change may surpass chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) as the main driver of overall ozone loss.

Black holes in distant galaxies point to wild youth
Like 'flower power' tattoos on aging ex-hippy baby boomers, unexpectedly large numbers of neutron stars and black holes in elliptical galaxies suggest some of these galaxies lived through a much wilder youth.

Rutgers scientists create high-protein corn with Third World potential
Rutgers geneticists have devised a new approach to create a more nutritious corn without employing the controversial biotechnology used in genetically modified foods.

Fukuyama addresses biotechnology's impact on society at AAAS
In this age of advanced biotechnology, no one can accurately predict the cultural impacts of cloning and genetic modification on human society.

Medical press releases may exaggerate results and fail to include study limitations
Some medical press releases use formats that may exaggerate the perceived importance of findings and do not routinely highlight study limitations, according to DMS researchers in the June 5 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) by Steven Woloshin and Lisa Schwartz.

Even mild vitamin C deficiency may have negative effect on vascular function
Research being presented by scientists from the Magee-Womens Research Institute and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine at the 13th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy suggests even a mild deficiency in vitamin C appears to negatively affect vascular elasticity and function - a key symptom of preeclampsia.

Putting cancer in context
A Dartmouth Medical School/VA team has created simple risk charts to help people gauge the threat of cancer by presenting their chances of dying from various malignancies compared to other causes.

Hearing infants show preference for sign language over pantomime
Six-month-old hearing infants exposed to American lSign Language for the first time prefer it to pantomime, lending new evidence that humans show a broad preference for languages over non-languages.

New supernova models take on third dimension
Astrophysicists from Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, have created the first 3-D computer simulations of the spectacular explosion that marks the death of a massive star.

Scaling up smart structures
Advances in MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems) and distributed computing may finally make it possible to scale-up

My two fathers -- Not new invention in South America
There are good fathers and bad fathers, natural fathers and step fathers, constantly present fathers and absent fathers, sperm donor fathers and adoptive fathers, but, the accepted truth is that everyone has only one biological father.

UMass astronomers exploring how exploded stars are swept back into the universe
Two astronomers at the University of Massachusetts have observed the remains of exploded stars called supernovae in two

Research presentations at scientific meetings often receive unwarranted media coverage
Press coverage of scientific meetings may be characterized as

Preeclampsia linked with higher risk of preterm delivery
Research being presented by scientists from the Magee-Womens Research Institute and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine at the 13th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy suggests that the risk of preeclampsia may actually decrease if a woman smokes, but that the negative effects of preeclampsia may persist even though the condition itself is not present in a later pregnancy.

Stove improvements associated with reduced lung cancer risk in China
A study of farmers in rural China suggests that switching from unvented to vented stoves could decrease the risk of lung cancer.

Minneapolis researchers receive award for developing vegetable-based oils
Chemists Dharma Kodali, Ph.D., and Scott Nivens of Cargill, Incorporated, in Minneapolis, Minn., will be honored June 3 by the American Chemical Society for developing nontoxic, biodegradable oils made from renewable resources.

Harden McConnell named winner of 2002 Welch Award in Chemistry
Stanford chemist Harden McConnell has been named the 2002 winner of the Welch Award for lifetime achievement in basic chemical research.
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