Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 04, 2002
South Asian patients are missing out on cholesterol drugs
Patients in general practices with a greater South Asian population are less likely to be prescribed cholesterol lowering drugs, despite being at a higher risk of coronary heart disease than white patients, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Breakthrough made in electronics technology
Researchers at Oregon State University have made a significant breakthrough in the technology to produce crystalline oxide films, which play roles in semiconductor chips, flat panel displays and many other electronic products.

Gene profiles predict survival
The activity of as few as 17 genes can be used to predict lymphoma patients' response to treatment, scientists reported at the 18th UICC International Cancer Congress in Oslo this week.

Reduction in HIV-1 incidence among rural Ugandans gives hope to other African countries
A study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights a reduction in both HIV-1 incidence (the number of new cases) and prevalence (the number of cases in the population) from the beginning to the end of the past decade among a rural Ugandan population.

Large brains not required? Third and smallest skull of 'first Eurasians' reported in Science
The skull and jawbone of a small, lightly-built individual, discovered at an archeological site in Dmanisi, Georgia, may call into question the prevailing idea that larger brain size was behind the migration of human ancestors out of Africa.

Successful implementation of pilot study for HIV antiretroviral therapy in Uganda
Authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET report on the successful implementation of a UNAIDS/Uganda Health Ministry initiative to provide antiretroviral treatment to people with HIV/AIDS in Uganda.

Physical activity may improve survival and quality of life
Physical activity may help cancer survivors cope with anxiety and side effects, improving immune function, metabolic hormones and weight control and thereby possibly improving survival.

40-year search is over: UT Southwestern researchers identify key photoreceptor in fungi
After 40 years of searching for the photoreceptor that controls multiple vital processes in fungi, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have discovered the protein that triggers this phenomenon.

New way found to see light through novel protein identified by Dartmouth geneticists
Dartmouth Medical School geneticists have discovered a new class of proteins that see light, revealing a previously unknown system for how light works.

The future of research into Parkinson's disease and tissue banking
Leading scientists from across the world will join academics and researchers from Imperial College London to discuss the future of research into Parkinson's disease and tissue banking.

Heart experts call for urgent action to implement new findings on cholesterol-lowering treatment
Research to be reported in 6 July issue of Lancet should lead to major treatment changes in prescribing cholesterol-lowering drugs say UK heart experts.

Cholesterol-lowering drugs should revolutionise treatment of heart attack and stroke
Results of a landmark study published in the July 6 issue of THE LANCET highlight how the prescribing of statins to lower blood cholesterol could reduce rates of heart attack and stroke by at least a third.

Traditional healing may relieve symptoms of mental illness
Temple healing practices may help to improve the symptoms of people with mental illnesses, according to researchers in this week's BMJ.

Peto and Doll win King Olav V's Prize for Outstanding Cancer Research
Tobacco researchers Sir Richard Peto and Sir Richard Doll will Thursday 4.

Studies often ignore domestic violence committed by women
It's not only men who commit domestic violence, yet scientific studies rarely look at female-to-male violence, according to two letters in this week's BMJ.

New screening methods for Down's syndrome questioned
New screening techniques for Down's syndrome are less effective than previously supposed, despite a government initiative to offer all pregnant women the new tests by 2004, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Poor adherence to control measures for older children with phenylketonuria
Authors of a research letter in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlight how older children are less likely to adhere to recommended guidelines to control phenylketonuria (PKU), a metabolic disorder which can cause severe cognitive impairment.

Undisclosed payments to doctors recruiting trial patients is unethical
Doctors are often paid to recruit patients to clinical trials sponsored by pharmaceutical companies, yet such payments are often not disclosed to the patients.

A fish-eye view of management through an evolutionary lens
Fishing, whether for business or pleasure, is regulated by agencies that impose size and catch limits on commonly exploited species.

Stanford researchers switch off cancer gene; trick cells to self desruct
Researchers at Stanford University Medical Center have tricked cancer cells into self- destructing by briefly disabling a cancer-causing gene.

Exercise lowers levels of blood estrogens
A regular, moderate-intensity exercise program lowers levels of blood estrogens in postmenopausal women, according to a study led by an investigator from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington, USA.
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