Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 10, 2002
Communities dealing with hazardous waste need independent adviser, UCLA engineering professor says
Helping a community cope with the fear and chaos accompanying a hazardous waste cleanup project convinced a UCLA engineering professor that people in this position need someone to watch out for their interests and legislation should be enacted requiring independent scientific reviews of environmental investigations and restorations by federal agencies.

Eficiency, feasibility of antiretroviral therapy in Africa demonstrated in IRD-coordinated surveys
Three-quarters of all people hit by HIV live in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Treatment guidelines for HIV infection announced by international panel of AIDS experts
The International AIDS Society -USA (IAS-USA) is issuing updated guidelines for treating HIV disease in adults.

UMass researcher helping the EPA to determine health effects of spent rocket fuel
A University of Massachusetts scientist is part of a panel of experts helping the Environmental Protection Agency determine how to deal with tons of spent rocket fuel that has seeped into aquifers in parts of the American Southwest.

Long-term interruption of HIV treatment may be safe in certain patients
Interrupting anti-HIV treatment for an extended period and then re-initiating therapy might be safe in some patients and may be an important HIV treatment strategy for the reduction of long-term toxicity, medication burden and expense, a Northwestern University study found.

Although gender response to HIV therapy is similar, women experience more side effects
In a study of men and women treated for HIV at an inner city U.S. clinic, investigators from the Emory University Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) found that although gender did not affect the response to HAART therapy (highly active anti-retroviral therapy), women suffered significantly more side effects.

One Scientist's Odyssey: Dr. David Suzuki to speak at ESA Annual Meeting
On Sunday, August 4, 2002 at 5 pm award-winning scientist, broadcaster, and author, Dr.

International Congress of Transplantation Society forum for cutting-edge research results
New findings in transplantation research will be presented at the XIX International Congress of The Transplantation Society August 25 - 30, including results of a study that treated diabetic children with cells from a pig's pancreas and testes, and findings from three separate studies with a common goal in mind: to wean organ transplant patients off all anti-rejection drugs less than one year after transplantation, defying the tenet that such drugs are required for life.

Researcher is using nature's command and control network to develop ways to engineer organisms
To introduce a desirable trait in an organism, scientists introduce a gene to make a large quantity of the protein product of that gene, which stresses the organism.

Marriage prospects highest for urban women who frequently attend church, according to Penn study
A University of Pennsylvania study shows that frequent church attendance substantially increases the odds of marriage for urban women.

Physics tip sheet #21 - July 10, 2002
Highlights of this issue include analysis of aquatic ecologies using holograms, artificial leaves to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, measuring fundamental constants of nature with Bose-Einstein condensates and better medical x-rays from carbon nanotubes.

Corroding plumbing materials producing environmental problems
Many factors influence the quality of drinking water and a burgeoning new problem is raising concern.

Making a CACE for it
Scheduling is often a bottleneck in combat flight operations. Operations officers have typically spent many hours of close, complicated, error-prone work just to produce a single weekly plan, and sometimes have given the enemy those extra few hours to discover, work out, or decipher that plan.

Virus in babies may cause asthma later on
While most scientists believe that allergies cause asthma, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Just one bite at a time: Researchers find snake with unusual feeding habit
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati, the Field Museum of Natural History and the National University of Singapore report in the July 11 issue of Nature about the unusual feeding habits of the tropical snake Gerarda prevostiana.

Teens more anxious than assumed
Is it any surprise that teenagers are anxious and moody?

Genome Therapeutics, University of Southampton and Schering-Plough identify novel asthma gene
In a study released today in the journal Nature, researchers at Genome Therapeutics, University of Southampton and Schering-Plough describe the identification of a specific susceptibility gene linked to asthma.

Applied Biosystems launches Assays-on-Demand SNP genotyping and gene expression products
Applied Biosystems Group, an Applera Corporation business, launched its Assays-on-Demand(TM) SNP Genotyping and Gene Expression products.

Study finds common knee surgery no better than placebo
Patients with osteoarthritis of the knee who underwent placebo arthroscopic surgery were just as likely to report pain relief as those who received the real procedure, according to a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Baylor College of Medicine study published in the July 11 New England Journal of Medicine.

Light could repair eye injuries
How do you treat people blinded by light? With more light.

'Rock-paper-scissors' preserves biodiversity in bacterial neighborhoods
In the July 11 issue of Nature, Stanford and Yale researchers report that certain bacteria can play their own version of

Making the most of lymphopenia
A study undertaken by investigators at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) suggests a new, potentially more effective way to battle cancer--hit the immune system with cancer vaccines or cancer cells when it's down and it will bounce back swinging harder than ever against those cancer cells.

Unique feeding behavior discovered for snakes
Snakes are known to swallow their prey whole, which limits the size of what they can eat.

Library Services and Technology Act spurred investment in libraries, SU study shows
The nation's public, school, academic, research and special libraries enjoyed increased access to funding and technology as a result of the 1996 Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA), according to a study completed by Syracuse University and released by the National Commission on Libraries and Information Studies.

Diabetes treatment linked to increased blood pressure in animal study
A report in the July issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation has found that a group of drugs currently under development for the treatment of Type II diabetes caused both increased heart rate and elevated blood pressure in animal studies. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to