Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 15, 2002
'Obesity sleuths' find chronic diseases linked to behavior contrary our DNA
The results of the most extensive research investigation into the relationship between chronic health conditions and physical inactivity have been released by a team of

Alcohol use marker may also signal marijuana use, risk of depression
An enzyme whose activity is affected by alcohol may prove useful in identifying recent alcohol or marijuna use even though it does not seem to be a good marker for genetic predisposition to alcoholism, a new international study finds.

Patients with serious kidney disorder produce natriuretic peptides at above average rates
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a serious kidney condition marked by very high levels of protein in the urine; low levels of protein in the blood; swelling, especially around the eyes, feet, and hands; and high cholesterol.

Journal of Rehabilitation R&D releases latest issue
The Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development is the only peer-reviewed, scientifically indexed publication covering all rehabilitation research disciplines: neurology, orthopedics, engineering, audiology, ophthalmology and optometry, outcomes, restorative, prosthetics, geriatrics, psychiatrics, and community reintegration.

German Science Council releases views on nine large-scale facilities for basic scientific research
In autumn 2000, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research requested the Science Council to submit expert assessments and science policy appraisals of nine large-scale facilities proposed by institutions of the Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren (HGF), the Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (WGL) and the Max Planck Society (MPG), partly in collaboration with universities and European and overseas partners.

Teens' images of America express common themes
High school students substantially agree that inequity, freedom, and diversity are predominant themes in their images of America, according to new findings on the substance of students' knowledge and beliefs about the United States and its history.

Antioxidant-rich diets improve age-related declines in mental function of rats, USF/VA studies find
Two new animal studies add to the growing body of evidence that eating a diet high in antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables may help protect the brain against age-related decline.

Does that 'java-jolt' affect coffee and non-coffee drinkers alike?
Americans having their morning coffee refer to the caffeine effect as a

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, July 16, 2002
Issue highlights include the following articles:

Schepens is recipient of the most National Eye Institute funds in 2001
Ophthalmology Times (OT) recently listed Schepens Eye Research Institute as the recipient of more National Eye Institute (NEI) funding in 2001 than any other eye research organization in the country.

American Heart Association updates heart attack, stroke prevention guidelines
To avert a first heart attack or stroke, physicians should routinely assess patients' general risk of cardiovascular disease beginning at age 20, according to new American Heart Association recommendations published in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Adults over 50 should be screened for colorectal cancer, US group says
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that all adults over 50 be screened for colorectal cancer.

Houston called 'lightning capital of Texas'
Lightning may not often strike twice in the same place, but it sure can hang out repeatedly in the same neighborhood.

U-M Depression Center receives $750K gift from Eli Lilly Foundation
A new $750,000 gift to the University of Michigan Depression Center will accelerate new programs to help people with depression get the treatment they need, and sow the seeds for a potential future network of depression centers across the United States.

Viruses help strep bacteria turn deadly
Special viruses are the culprits behind the emergence of virulent select new bacterial strains, new research shows.

Even moderate drinking raises blood pressure in some men
One or two drinks a day can raise the risk of developing hypertension in some men, according to two Japanese studies.

Straightforward assessment to improve identification of people at high risk from colorectal cancer
Authors of a UK study published on THE LANCET's website today --
Playful therapy garments for children receive patent
Approximately 15 percent of all children experience some type of sensory integration problem.

Socioeconomic factors affect blood pressure
Being disadvantaged in multiple areas, such as income, education, occupation - even the neighborhood in which you live - is related to an increased risk of developing high blood pressure, researchers report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Los Alamos researchers recommend AIDS vaccine strategies
In the journal Science, Los Alamos reseaerchers suggest an alternative to basing vaccines on geographically specific strains of the virus.

Drug combo curbs artery re-closing after some heart attacks
Aspirin plus the anticoagulant drug coumarin is more effective than aspirin alone at keeping coronary arteries open after some heart attacks, researchers report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Acetaminophen may protect against heart damage according to Rutgers research
New research from Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, links acetaminophen, the medicine in pain relievers such as Tylenol, to improved heart muscle recovery following ischemic attacks - periods of reduced blood flow typical of coronary artery disease.
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