Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 05, 2002
Industrial fishing threatens sharks, dolphins, billfish
Industrial fishing poses the biggest threat to life and fin for sharks, dolphins and billfish that inhabit the tropical and northern Pacific Ocean, says a new study forecasting the effects of commercial fishing on ocean ecosystems.

Infection with toxoplasmososis increases the risk of being involved in a road traffic accident
A new study published in BMC Infectious Diseases reveals that people with latent toxoplasmosis (a harmless form of the disease) are more likely to be involved in a road traffic accident.

Twenty-years of long-term ecological research: National Science Foundation releases review report
The National Science Foundation (NSF)'s Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program must forge ahead to a bold decade of synthesis science that will lead to a better understanding of complex environmental problems, and result in knowledge that serves science and society, according to the authors of the just released NSF report,

Boulder researchers reassess national flood damage estimates
Pennsylvania and California lead the nation in flood damage, according to a new national database of historical flood damage estimates.

Drug to lower cholesterol also slows calcium build-up in arteries
Cholesterol-lowering drugs may also slow the progression of calcium build-up in arteries, according to a report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Endangered butterfly needs special environment
Developing a park system that helps to restore endangered species is not as simple as setting aside land.

American Thoracic Society journal news tips for August (first issue)
Newsworthy research focuses on smoking cessation being associated with a significantly reduced amount of heart disease in the Lung Health Study; highly active antiretroviral therapy causing a striking improvement in the survival rate for patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the intensive care unit (ICU); plus an editorial from an expert pointing out why HIV-related admissions to the ICU will not continue to decline.

First drug developed for widespread use against botulism
An eight-year research effort by university and military scientists in the U.S. has produced the first drug that can be mass-produced to prevent or treat botulism, the paralyzing disease caused by a nerve toxin that is considered one of the greatest bioterrorism threats.

Rice building Texas' fastest academic supercomputer
Rice University has secured grant funding from the National Science Foundation and Intel Corporation to build Texas' fastest academic supercomputer.

Time-release stimulant effective for once-daily treatment of ADHD
A research team led by a Massachusetts General Hospital investigator has found that a long-acting form of the stimulant medication Adderall is effective in controlling symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children when taken in a single morning dose.

Moving high-performance computing to Main Street
Cornell Theory Center (CTC) has announced an agreement with Dell, Intel and Microsoft that secures $60 million worth of resources to provide a suite of Windows-based high-performance cluster computing solutions and services to business, government and academia clients.

National Institutes of Health awards $15.5 million grant to independent biology lab
The Molecular Sciences Institute is named a Center of Excellence in Genomic Sciences by the National Human Genome Research Institute.

Amplified genome area mapped; New gene is overexpressed in oral cancer, say Pittsburgh researchers
University of Pittsburgh investigators have used a new technique to map a region of the genome that is present in extra copies in a large percentage of oral cancers.

New microscope technology allows study of biomolecules interacting with minerals
Every living thing needs iron. The strategies some organisms use to accumulate iron can impact the quality of our environment and could be adapted for our use.

Viagra helps men with heart failure
Men with congestive heart failure and erectile dysfunction (ED) safely used sildenafil (Viagra) to improve sexual function in a study reported in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Fungus-enhanced plants popular with grasshoppers
Kansas State University researchers conducted a study showing that grasshoppers prefer plants with a fungal symbiosis.

Study finds a mouse model for episodic neurological disorders
For years, physicians have noticed surprising similarities in the factors that seem to trigger attacks in such episodic neurological disorders as migraine and dyskinesia.

Gene therapy boosts cancer chemotherapy
University of Chicago researchers have found a way to use cancer chemotherapy to turn on gene therapy designed to disrupt the growth of blood vessels to a tumor.

Heat sensitive materials change color when hot
Imagine a fire door that changes color when hot, football jerseys that can tell when a player is overheating, road signs that change color indicating icy road conditions, and food packaging stamps that disappear when products have been kept at room temperature for too long.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet, Aug. 6, 2002
Topics included in this issue: Should Adults With Growth Hormone Deficiency Receive Growth Hormone Replacement Therapy?

Without fire, red pines could disappear, model shows
Red pine groves could eventually vanish from Minnesota's Boundary Water Canoe Area if what we usually view as a foe to forests -- fire -- fails to sweep the terrain occasionally, says a new study.

Size matters
Building on previous studies, John Haskell (Utah State University) and colleagues Mark Ritchie (Syracuse University) and Han Olff (Wageningen University), looked at how animals forage for food based on their body size and how the food is distributed in the environment.

Atomic anchors to quicken computer boot-up
A way to help next-generation computers boot up instantly, making entire memories immediately available for use, has been developed by researchers at Sandia National Laboratories and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF): From maternal deprivation to manic depressive illness
Researchers from Italy and Holland show that BDNF is suppressed in adult rodent brain after maternal deprivation early in life.

Bioengineered, rhythmically beating heart muscle could aid cardiac research
The collaboration between cardiologist and orthopedist may at first seem novel, if not odd.

NHGRI funds two new centers of excellence in genomic science
The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) has awarded two new grants in its Centers of Excellence in Genomic Science (CEGS) program, a unique research effort that assembles interdisciplinary teams of scientists to explore genomic function.

NASA Space Launch Initiative's next generation reusable launch vehicle may fly on kerosene
Kerosene - almost as common to American life as gasoline - is being considered as a fuel for two main engine candidates for a second generation reusable launch vehicle, now in development by the Space Launch Initiative.

People with low self-esteem less motivated to break a negative mood
People with low self-esteem are less motivated than people with high self-esteem to improve a negative mood, even when they are offered an activity that will change their frame of mind, a team of American and Canadian psychologists has found.

Technical training: What it means depends on who you ask
U.S. industries spend enormous sums of money on technical training every year in order to remain competititive in the global markeplace.

Without blue crabs, southern salt marshes wash away, study finds
Over-harvesting of blue crabs may be triggering the colossal die-off of salt marshes across the southeastern United States, suggests a new study by two Brown University biologists who report their findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Suicide attempt rate high among urban gay men, UCSF study finds
UCSF researchers have found that twelve percent of urban gay and bisexual men have attempted suicide in their lifetime, a rate three times higher than the overall rate for American adult males.

New method of DNA testing promises to transform medical diagnostics
University of California at Santa Barbara researchers report in PNAS a new method for detecting DNA, which could transform medical diagnostics.

Mutation in 'elastic' gene linked to early coronary heart disease
A mutation in a gene that affects artery elasticity is associated with an increased risk of early coronary heart disease, researchers report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

New endovascular prosthesis is promising for non-surgical treatment of TAAs
Rodney White, MD, Chief of Vascular Surgery and Associate Chair, Department of Surgery at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center and Principal Investigator at the Research & Education Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (REI) is shedding new light on endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs).

Netting the NET: An anorexia nervosa gene is caught!
Researchers in Sydney, Australia, have just discovered a gene variant that contributes to the cause of anorexia nervosa in a large group of sufferers.

Leading American, German chemists converge to share research, vision
A group of 70 American and German chemists, age 40 or younger, will meet later this month in Durham, N.H. to share scientific ideas and results in leading areas of chemical research.

18F-FDG PET predicts lymphoma treatment outcome
A new and somewhat controversial study suggests that 18F-FDG PET results obtained after the first cycle of treatment can better predict progression-free survival in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) or Hodgkin's disease (HD) than PET scans conducted at the end of treatment.

Immune system supressor drug found effective in treating precancerous blood disorder
A medicine typically used in organ transplant patients shows promise in treating older patients who have a precancerous blood disorder for which there is currently no effective treatment besides blood transfusion, according to a study conducted by Dr.

Technology designed to detect hidden weapons is focus of new company
A technology that is designed to rapidly identify hidden weapons, explosives and other contraband -- even plastic, ceramic and other non-metallic weapons -- through clothing is the cornerstone of a new company formed to commercialize the technology for a variety of security applications.
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