Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 06, 2002
Out of the ashes come invasive species
With fires racing across the West and Southwest of the United States, heat and flame scorch the landscape causing thousands of acres to undergo a dramatic change.

Dietary change may prevent the most serious form of prostate cancer
While high intake of dietary fat and calcium is associated with increased risk of clinically significant, advanced prostate cancer, it has no apparent impact on risk of early-stage disease, according to new findings from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Wash.

Dartmouth researchers identify multi-tasking circadian protein
Dartmouth Medical School geneticists have found a molecular shortcut from light reception to gene activation in their work to understand biological clocks.

Finding the right path
According to the World Health Organization, Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) will kill two million people this year, with the projected number of new infections over the next twenty years reaching a billion.

Late blight-resistant potato to help Russian farmers
Cornell University potato breeders are donating a disease-resistant potato to Russia in an effort to help combat aggressive strains of potato late blight.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Highlights of this month's journals include the following articles:

Findings support shorter course of radiation therapy after breast lumpectomy
A shorter, more convenient course of radiation therapy after breast lumpectomy appears to be just as effective as the longer, more standard, regimen, according to new research appearing in the August 7 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Sick or sleepy -- No option in outer space
Space motion sickness can ruin an astronaut's day. About 70 percent of first-time astronauts develop it during the first hours in space with symptoms peaking 10 hours into flight.

UC Riverside to play active role in Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter
The University of California and a group of sister institutions recently announced the creation of the Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter (ICAM) as an international, multicampus organization exploring the frontiers of science.

New book discusses invisible women
Many women, including the poor, elderly and imprisoned, are to some extent invisible in mainstream American society.

'Fowl-howl' ties discovered between birds, monkeys
A strong and unexpected correlation between large numbers of howler monkeys and elevated counts of birds on islands created by a Venezuelan hydroelectric project has Duke University scientists looking for explanations.

SAMAB Fall Conference
Participate in the SAMAB Fall Conference, focusing on measurement, mitigation, and management of human impacts in the Southern Appalachians.

NASA and Canada study smoke from flaming Canadian forests
NASA researchers and Canadian scientists have established a network of ground sensors in Canada that are currently studying smoke and haze created by Canadian forest fires.

Other highlights in the August 7 issue of JNCI
Other highlights include a study of stroma-tumor communication in the growth of human ovarian cancers, a study examining the performance of diagnostic mammography, a study on colon cancer survival rates in African-Americans and Caucasians, and a study of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of pancreatic cancer.

Mayo Clinic vaccine researcher calls for universal flu vaccine for elderly
Gregory Poland, M.D., Mayo Clinic vaccinologist, pleads for the universal influenza vaccination of the elderly (individuals 65 and older) in an editorial entitled,

Crop scientist targeting fungus threatening pumpkins, peppers
New strategies emerging from research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are saving many of the stateƕs vegetable crops from a fungus that nearly put an end to pumpkin and pepper production.

Better access to health care is key to higher survival rates for African-Americans with colon cancer
African-Americans with colon cancer are more likely to die from the disease than are whites, but a new study has found that those survival rate disparities virtually disappear when both groups have equal access to chemotherapy after surgery.

Researchers at UCLA create better materials by emulating spiders' techniques
Researchers at UCLA believe that the secret to creating stronger, better materials may be solved by studying an unlikely source: the common spider.

A look at development, rural trends, birds
The American landscape continues to change dramatically. Exurban residential developments can be both environmentally responsible and appealing.

Aspirin may help prevent pancreatic cancer
Researchers at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health have found that aspirin use may decrease the incidence of pancreatic cancer, possibly through its anti-inflammatory effects.

Treatable psychiatric symptoms common with degenerative brain disease
Potentially treatable psychiatric problems are common in patients with degenerative brain diseases affecting movement and coordination, according to a study by Johns Hopkins scientists.

Structure of key receptor unlocked; Related proteins will fall like dominoes
After two years of stubborn persistence, scientists at Johns Hopkins have determined the 3-D structure of part of a protein called HER3, which should speed efforts to interfere with abnormal growth and cancer.

NASA lightning study completes first flight of uninhabited aerial vehicle
A NASA team studying the causes of electrical storms and their effects on our home planet launched their first research flight Sunday, Aug.
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