Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 08, 2002
Important advances in the development of drug delivery vehicles
McGill chemistry professor Adi Eisenberg is publishing results of work on the science which could lead to the improvement of drug delivery to the body.

Cornell researchers turn conventional thinking about canned corn on its ear
Conventional wisdom says fresh fruits and vegetables are healthier than their processed counterparts.

Chronic self-doubters tend to be more materialistic, study shows
People with chronic self-doubt may be more likely to define personal success by having the biggest house on the block or a new luxury car.

K-State researchers receive $1.4 million grant to develop semiconducter ultraviolet light sources
Kansas State University researchers are working to make possible an anthrax detector small enough to fit in your home smoke detector.

It pays to save: Science study shows huge economic benefits from conserving wild nature
A study in the 9 August 2002 issue of Science suggests that

Scientists discover cause of common muscular dystrophy
Scientists have discovered the genetic cause of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), the third most common form of muscular dystrophy.

Scientists identify a new kind of genetic problem in muscular dystrophy
A newly identified genetic problem underlies a common neuromuscular disorder called facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), scientists say.

Cause for massively enlarged spleens in tropical countries
A previously under-recognised cause of massively enlarged spleens is reported by scientists from Ghana and the UK in this week's LANCET.

U.Va. researchers identify switching action by protein 'gate-keepers' in cell nucleus
A switching mechanism that controls the entry of proteins into cell nuclei, where genetic material is stored, has been identified by researchers at the University of Virginia Health System, according to study results published in today's issue of the journal Cell.

Birth weight and social class linked to educational achievement
Birth weight and social class at birth have a strong influence on cognitive (mental) function in children, say researchers in this week's BMJ.

Applying ecosystem services
On Thursday, 8 August 2002 at its Annual Meeting in Tucson, Arizona, the Ecological Society of America will present its Corporate Award to Adam Davis.

Jumping genes can knock out DNA; alter human genome
Results of a new University of Michigan study suggest that junk DNA - dismissed by many scientists as mere strings of meaningless genetic code - could have a darker side.

Scientists, researchers, animal advocates & regulators to discuss alternatives to animal testing
The Fourth World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, the largest international conference pertaining to alternatives to animal use in biomedical research, testing, and education, will take place at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in New Orleans August 11 - 15.

Cause of hepatitis A virulence pinpointed
NIAID researchers have located 2 genes that give hepatitis A virus its virulent properties.

Screening women for domestic violence 'cannot be justified' on current evidence
The Department of Health now recommends that health professionals should consider

The majority of hand cuts don't need stitches
Treating small lacerations to the hand with antibiotic ointment and a gauze dressing --instead of with stitches -- is faster, less painful, and produces similar functional and cosmetic results, according to UCSF researchers.

Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies receives $75 million DOE go-ahead
Sandia and Los Alamos national laboratories will jointly receive $75.8 million for the design and construction of buildings to house the practical yet visionary Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT).

Migraines cost employers millions in productivity, but interventions can help
Lost productivity due to migraines could be enough to give business owners their own headaches---a recent University of Michigan study pegged Bank One's annual loss due to migraines at more than $20 million.

Guns, bats, and cash
At the joint meeting of the Ecological Society of America and the Society for Ecological Restoration, Sandra Banack an ethnobotanist at California State University in Fullerton, California, will describe the biological, social and economic aspects of ALS-PDC incidents in Guam.

'Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day' -- Really?
It has become accepted wisdom:

U-M professor develops faster way to test beach water for E. coli levels
When officials close a public beach because the water is contaminated, those announcements don't come until days after the E. coli level has reached dangerous levels---and likewise the order to reopen a beach happens days after the level has dropped.

High risk of mental health problems in adoptees from other countries
Investigators of a cohort study in this week's issue of THE LANCET have found that children adopted from foreign countries to homes in Sweden have a higher risk of severe mental health problems and social maladjustment in adolescence and young adulthood than do children born in Sweden to Swedish parents.

Babies fond of salt have higher blood pressure, a granny with hypertension
Within three days of birth some babies exhibit a unique response to salty taste - and the response is strongest in babies who have at least one grandparent with a history of hypertension, according to new research reported in today's rapid access issue of Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Does that cut really need stitches?
Treating simple lacerations of the hand conservatively instead of with sutures is faster, less painful, and produces similar cosmetic and functional outcomes, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Research links adolescent steroid use to reduction in serotonin, altered signaling
According to new research from Northeastern University, chronic steroid use may inhibit the long-term production of serotonin, the

Satellites see big changes since 1980s in key element of ocean's food chain
Since the early 1980s, ocean phytoplankton concentrations that drive the marine food chain have declined substantially in many areas of open water in Northern oceans, according to a comparison of two datasets taken from satellites.

A common-sense cure for obesity
In a Seminar printed in this week's issue of THE LANCET, Cara B Ebbeling and colleagues, from the USA, discuss the public-health crisis that is childhood obesity.

Inside the most capable simulation facility in the world
It's termed the most capable simulation facility in the world.

Trees encroaching grasslands may lock up less carbon than predicted
The woody trees and shrubs now

New insights into insect antimicrobials point the way to novel antibiotics
In a new study of an insect-derived antimicrobial peptide, scientists at The Wistar Institute have identified which segments of the peptide kill bacteria and which are involved in cell entry.

Worrying rise in deaths from alcoholic liver disease
Deaths from alcoholic liver disease have increased in the West Midlands in the past decade, reflecting a nationwide trend, according to researchers in this week's BMJ.

New system uses mine waste to generate clean power
New technology for generating power from coal mining waste was launched by the Federal Minister for Industry, Tourism and Resources, the Hon.

Changing Life, Challenging Cancer conference
Medical and mental health professionals and interested others are invited to explore the numerous benefits of a holistic approach to healing.

City birds prefer rich neighbors
An ecology study examining plant and animal populations in urban parks fails to show a correlation between park flora and fauna, but does indicate that bird populations are influenced by economic factors -- more species live in parks in wealthy neighborhoods than in middle and lower income areas.

Future advances of 20,000-year-old coatings technology detailed in upcoming Science magazine
DuPont senior scientist Dr. Robert R. Matheson, Jr., one of the world's foremost experts on one of the oldest technologies known to humans, will detail the future advances of 20,000-year-old coatings technology in his scientific research paper

Genetically modified crops may pass helpful traits to weeds, study finds
For the first time, researchers have shown that a gene artificially inserted into crop plants to fend off pests can migrate to weeds in a natural environment and make the weeds stronger.

Exposure to bacteria modulates immune response and decreases allergy in farm children
Findings from a Research Letter in this week's issue of THE LANCET provide support for the idea that children who grow up on farms have fewer allergies because they are exposed to more microbes than other children.

Bone-marrow cell transplantation could save limbs
Injecting a patient's bone-marrow cells into their legs could help repair damaged circulatory systems in those with limb ischaemia, suggest authors of a trial in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Nanoparticles used in solar energy conversion
The problem with solar energy is that it has not been inexpensive enough in the past.

Scholarship for service awards expanded after president signs supplemental budget bill
President Bush has signed into law the fiscal 2002 Supplemental Appropriations Act (Public Law 107-206) adding $19.3 million to NSF's budget to expand a program designed to help reduce critical shortages of computer security and information assurance professionals in the public and private sectors through education scholarships.

Annual employment survey of journalism and mass communication released by UGA's Cox Center
Results of a survey designed to monitor the employment rates and salaries of graduates of journalism and mass communication programs in the United States were released today by the University of Georgia's Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication.
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