Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 23, 2002
Public health report stresses worker protection as key component of homeland security
The report

Shark fin soup: Scientists now can tell which kind of shark
Scientists have developed a new test to determine which species of sharks are being used for shark fin soup, a popular Asian delicacy that may be responsible for rapid depletion of many shark species.

A most unusual superconductor and how it works
Magnesium diboride (MgB2) becomes superconducting at 39 degrees Kelvin, one of the highest known transition temperatures (Tc) of any superconductor.

New UCSD homeland security Web site launched
A Web site where the news media and others can obtain information about homeland-defense-related research and other related activities at the University of California, San Diego is now available at
Field Museum's Parker/Gentry Award goes to Peruvian conservationists
The seventh annual Parker/Gentry Award goes to a team of Peruvians for their leadership in helping to preserve two Peruvian natural treasures: Cordillera Azul and Los Amigos.

ORNL groundbreaking celebrates landmark partnership
A groundbreaking ceremony held today at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory marks a first-of-its-kind partnership among ORNL, the state of Tennessee and the University of Tennessee.

Heavy stars thrive among heavy elements
A group of European astronomers has used the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) to observe metal-rich regions in Virgo Cluster galaxies, 50 million light-years distant.

World Trade Center clean-up workers report acute respiratory problems
A health assessment of World Trade Center reports many debris removal workers experiencing acute respiratory symptoms.

An exciting new state for excitons
A Bose-Einstein condensate, a form of matter heretofore only observed in atoms chilled to less than a millionth of a degree above absolute zero, may now have been observed at temperatures in excess of one degree Kelvin in excitons, the bound pairs of electrons and holes that enable semiconductors to function as electronic devices.

About 15 percent of major college athletes may have symptoms of eating disorders, study suggests
A new survey suggests very few major college athletes suffer from full-blown eating disorders, but slightly more than one in six may exhibit limited symptoms of disordered eating.

Brookhaven news From the 224th American Chemical Society meeting
The selected briefings below describe research that scientists from the U.S.

NIGMS and NSF grants join math and biology
To encourage the use of mathematical tools and approaches to study biology, the National Institute of General Medical Sciences recently joined with the National Science Foundation to award 20 grants in mathematical biology.

Upside-down flies may offer clues to aging in humans
University of California, Davis, researchers studying longevity in more than 200 male Mediterranean fruit flies found that nearly all of the flies in their study went through an upside-down period.

Biomedical engineers team with pediatric cardiologists and surgeons to improve Fontan treatment
Georgia Tech has teamed with pediatric cardiologists and surgeons to develop new technologies to improve surgical planning for one of the most complex congenital heart defects in infants.

Researchers characterize a crucial family of signaling proteins in the human genome
In this month's Genome Biology, Mitch Kostich and colleagues from the Schering-Plough Research Institute have identified and mapped an important group of molecules known as protein kinases.

ORNL program could help city dwellers survive disaster
Most population databases have one potentially fatal flaw, according to Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers who have developed a system that could be a lifesaver if a city had to be evacuated.

NASA tests Mars rovers in California desert
For an elite group of scientists,

Evidence of earth-shaking asteroid strike published
An asteroid strike 3.5 billion years ago withered life on the young earth and released a tsunami that changed the face of continents.

International Congress of the Transplantation Society beginning Sunday
The XIX International Congress of the Transplantation Society, the field's premiere forum for presentation of new scientific findings, opens Sunday.

Ending domestic violence across the life span: Finding resiliencies in self and community
Families, and communities can identify and successfully use personal resiliencies and resources to prevent domestic violence.

NASA selects Stanford team to design and direct major solar experiment for 2007 launch
NASA has selected a team of astrophysicists at Stanford University to design and oversee the primary experiment aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) - a new research satellite scheduled for launch in August 2007.

NASA satellites help hurricane forecasters since 1992's destructive hurricane Andrew
Ten years ago, on August 24th, 1992, Hurricane Andrew developed in the Atlantic Ocean and became one of the costliest hurricanes in U.S. history as it caused massive damage in south Florida.

Cancer patients with past mood disorders most at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder
Most breast cancer patients aren't at significant risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) because of their diagnosis and treatment, a new study suggests.

Testing earlier for gestational diabetes a smarter way to screen pregnant women
Testing pregnant women for gestational diabetes at 16-weeks of pregnancy is a more efficient way to screen for the disease than the current method of screening women during their third trimester, said Gerard Nahum, M.D., an associate clinical professor at Duke University Medical Center's department of obstetrics and gynecology. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to