Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 28, 2002
Cloning pigs and drug discovery among 'hot' topics
New developments in the areas of cloning and animal-to-human transplantation, and in drug discovery and transplant tolerance - the acceptance of the graft without the need for drugs - will have the most impact on transplant availability and outcomes, said researchers today who spoke at the International Congress of The Transplantation Society in a session aptly called

FDA clears for market new diagnostic test for lupus
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has cleared for market a new screening test for lupus, developed by researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, which is considered the first significant diagnostic breakthrough for systemic lupus erythematosis, or SLE, in more than four decades.

UCI gold chain study gets to heart of matter
While it may not make much of an anniversary present, a gold chain built atom by atom by UC Irvine physicist Wilson Ho offers an answer to one of the basic questions of nanotechnology -- how small can you go?

Hope for nano-scale delivery of medicine using a light beam to move liquid through tiny tubes
Medical researchers would like to use nano-scale tubes to push very tiny amounts of drugs dissolved in water to exactly where they are needed in the human body, but they need a pump.

Double planet meets triple star
A rare celestial phenomenon involving the distant planet Pluto has occurred twice within the past month.

UCSD professor explains how elephants are able to snorkel
For hundreds of years, scientists have wondered why elephants can snorkel from considerable depths that would rupture the lungs of other mammals.

Frigid South Pole atmosphere reveals flaw in global circulation models
Atmospheric measurements made at Earth's geographic poles provide a convenient way of validating and calibrating global circulation models.

Big Brother spurs viewers to separate truth from fiction
Viewers are increasingly aware of how people act up in 'reality' TV shows and regard a wide range of popular factual programmes to be entertaining rather than informative, according to new ESRC-funded research.

Atmospheric wave linked to sea ice flow near Greenland, study finds
A NASA researcher finds that the amount of sea ice that moves between Greenland and Spitsbergen, a group of islands north of Norway, is dependent upon a

Awards of the Netherlands' greatest prize for science
The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) has granted the NWO/Spinoza Award 2002 to four leading Dutch research scientists.

Foundation funds UCSF research to test diaphragms as HIV prevention tool
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded $28 million to test whether the diaphragm can prevent the transmission of HIV, to UCSF's Women's Global Health Imperative (WGHI), directed by Nancy Padian, PhD.

Making individual health insurance market work
A Health Affairs article argues that states already have a policy tool to stabilize individual insurance markets and don't need to pursue more intrusive regulation.

Essential cell division 'zipper' anchors to so-called junk DNA
During cell division, pairs of replicated DNA strands - called sisters - are held together by a temporary scaffold of bridging proteins.

Eating soy during adolescence may reduce breast cancer
Eating soy foods on a regular basis-especially during adolescence-might lower the risk of breast cancer, according to preventive medicine researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of USC and colleagues.

New mouse model shows how news of pathogen reaches immune system
Using a new mouse model that literally glows with health- protecting molecules, researchers have rewritten part of the textbook tale about how the immune system knows when to fight germs.

UCLA Jonsson Cancer Center researchers study ways to prevent tobacco-related bladder cancer
Researchers will develop biomarker tests to help predict who will get bladder cancer, discover the molecular profile of the disease to identify those most at risk, conduct a clinical trial testing green-tea extract and the experimental drug Iressa as prevention agents, and create a tumor bank to aid in scientific research.

New drug that enhances glutamate transmission in the brain being evaluated for fragile X
Physicians at Rush-Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical Center have begun to recruit patients for a clinical research study to evaluate the effectiveness of a new drug as a potential treatment for fragile X syndrome and autism.

Wisconsin team engineers hydrogen from biomass
Chemical engineers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have developed a new process that produces hydrogen fuel from plants -- and it's non-toxic, non-flammable and can be safely transported in the form of sugars.

Fogarty International Center announces new research program in stigma and global health
The Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health has announced the Stigma and Global Health Research Program to support international collaborations to study stigma and global health.

Biggest ever Gamma Ray search starts in Namibia
The world's most sensitive Gamma Ray telescopes are being inaugurated in Namibia (in Southwest Africa) on September 3rd.

The lancet specialty journals press releases
THE LANCET ONCOLOGY (TLO) and THE LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES (TLID)

Evidence suggests that standard smallpox vaccine offers long-term immunity
Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have found evidence indicating that the standard vaccine against smallpox confers long-term immunity.

U of Minnesota, Science Museum among partners in $19.3 million NSF grant
The University of Minnesota's St. Anthony Falls Laboratory (SAFL) and the Science Museum of Minnesota, along with four partner institutions, have received a five-year, $19.3 million grant from the National Science Foundation for a new National Center for Earth-surface Dynamics (NCED).
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