Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 29, 2002
Newer design of close-up computer monitors increases ease of use
Eyeglasses with built-in computer monitors could soon be a reasonable alternative to reading text from a traditional computer screen, according to new research from Ohio State University.

What determines consultation length?
Patients are satisfied with the care they receive from general practice, but often say that consultations are too short.

Scientists zero in on Arctic, hemisphere-wide climate swings
In the late 1990s, as scientists were reaching consensus that the Arctic had gone through 30 years of significant climate change, they began reading the first published papers about the Arctic Oscillation, a phenomenon reported to have hemisphere-wide effects.

Smithies wins top award from Massry Foundation
Dr. Oliver Smithies of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has been selected to receive the 2002 Massry Prize for pioneering research on how genes affect health and illness in humans and other mammals.

UC Riverside receives Dupont gift of intellectual property in form of herbicide
The University of California, Riverside today announced it has received a donation of intellectual property from the DuPont Company for a novel class of herbicides the university hopes to further develop and eventually license for commercial use.

UT Southwestern scientist explores caffeine-signaling activity in brain function
Every morning millions of Americans reach for the world's most popular drug to help them start their day.

Stretching does not prevent muscle soreness
Stretching before or after exercise does not prevent muscle soreness or reduce risk of injury, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

New possibilities for deadly childhood brain cancer
The most common brain cancer in children may have an Achilles' heel -- the signal from a protein called Hedgehog -- according to a report in the Aug.

Study disputes link between increased birthweight and reduced blood pressure later in life (p 659)
Authors of a meta-analysis in this week's issue of THE LANCET cast doubt over the widely held belief that lower birthweight is associated with higher blood pressure in adult life.

Data shows life of kidney transplant lengthened by CellCeptĀ®
Study results presented today at the XIXth International Congress of the Transplantation Society (ICTS) Miami, USA, show that when kidney transplant patients with deteriorating kidney function switched to the low toxicity immunosuppressant CellCeptĀ® (mycophenolate mofetil, MMF), kidney deterioration reversed and significantly improved, thus halting the progression towards kidney loss, and improving patients outcomes.

Rainforest researchers hit pay dirt
Deep in the central Amazonian rainforest lies a rich, black soil known as

Pill-splitting can yield cost savings on common prescription drugs, Stanford researchers find
Researchers at Stanford University Medical Center have confirmed that a less-common strategy - pill-splitting - could yield significant cost savings without compromising drug efficacy or safety.

What is the best way to fund the NHS?
The NHS in the United Kingdom is struggling to meet the needs of patients as costs continue to rise.

Good legs teach bad legs to walk
An ingenious implant has helped two men paralysed on one side of their body to walk again.

Space weather bouts growing concern to space, communications industries
While weather likely has been a common topic of conversation since ancient humans first learned to articulate their thoughts millennia ago, one of the hottest topics today among scientists is space weather.

Plant compound kills brain tumor cells
A chemical isolated from a weed that grows in mountain meadows in the western United States kills the cells of an aggressive brain cancer that affects some children.

New UNC study suggests multivitamin use during pregnancy cuts childhood tumor risk
The largest epidemiologic study ever conducted in North America of a childhood nervous system cancer known as neuroblastoma suggests women who take multivitamins during pregnancy can cut their children's risk of the tumor by 30 percent to 40 percent.

Transplants in HIV patients should proceed, but drug interactions a concern
While historically surgeons have been reluctant to transplant patients with HIV, in recent years, some centers have begun to accept patients with well-controlled HIV as candidates for liver or kidney transplantation.

OSU faculty design drug education web program for NCAA
Based on a research initiative at Oregon State University, the NCAA has adopted a web-based drug education and wellness program for student-athletes that is designed to help them make informed choices on such modern temptations as anabolic steroids, human growth hormones, nutritional supplements and painkillers.

September GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY media highlights
The Geological Society of America's September issue of GEOLOGY contains a number of newsworthy items.

Further evidence of increase in allergic disease in western countries
Danish authors of a research letter in this week's issue of THE LANCET provide further evidence which suggests that allergic diseases are becoming increasingly common in western populations.

Researchers develop 'fingerprinting' for biological agents
Northwestern University scientists have developed a new method for detecting infectious diseases, including those associated with many bioterrorism and warfare threats such as anthrax, smallpox and HIV.

Cosmic blue flashes
On 3rd September 2002, a new window on the universe will be opened in Namibia.

GSA release 02-40: Sept. GSA BULLETIN media highlights
The September issue of the GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN includes a number of potentially newsworthy items.

Lack of funding for world crop diversity threatens sustainable food supply
Researchers from the Department of Agricultural Sciences at Imperial College have warned that a large proportion of the world's collection of crop diversity could be lost due to a lack of funding for the

Evidence for warts treatments is weak
Apart from topical treatments containing salicylic acid, there is currently no clear evidence that any other treatments for warts are more effective, say researchers in this week's BMJ.

Dr. Jacqueline Barton to present 2002 Ullyot Public Affairs Lecture
Dr. Jacqueline Barton of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) will present the 2002 Ullyot Public Affairs Lecture on Thursday, September 19 at 6 p.m. at Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF).

Study finds diet did not affect PSA levels
A new study conducted by researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, the National Cancer Institute, and other centers found that over a four-year period, a low-fat, high-fiber diet had no impact on PSA levels in men without prostate cancer.

MIT team probes arsenic and old lakes
MIT researchers have shown that a common pollutant strongly impacts the behavior of arsenic and possibly other toxic metals in some lakes, adding to scientists' understanding of how such elements move through the water.

Baby babbling linked to brain's language center, not motor skills center
Whether baby babbling is fundamentally linguistic (absorbing the elements of language) or just exercising motor activity (practicing the mechanics of mouth movement) has never been effectively addressed.

Most powerful X-ray telescope marks third anniversary
A black hole gobbles up matter in our own Milky Way Galaxy.

Study of low-fat, high-fiber diet finds no effect on PSA levels in men over a four-year period
A low-fat, high-fiber diet heavy in fruits and vegetables has no impact on PSA levels in men over a four-year period, and does not affect the incidence of prostate cancer, according to a study by researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, the National Cancer Institute, and seven other centers.

Molecular mechanism underlaying anthrax infection described by UCSD School Of Medicine researchers
The mechanism by which inhaled anthrax disarms and evades the immune system, enabling the potentially lethal bacteria to rapidly spread throughout the body, has been described by researchers at UCSD School of Medicine.

Trust doctors: the new lost tribe?
Delivery of acute care in the NHS is going to increasingly depend on doctors who are receiving little educational supervision as the number of trust doctors (doctors in non-training grades) rises, say researchers from Leeds University in this week's BMJ.

New overview adds more evidence for safety of third generation Pill
A new overview of studies of the Pill and the risk of heart attack, to be published on 30 August in Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal, Human Reproduction, provides a reassuring picture of the safety of oral contraceptives and, in particular, third generation Pills.

Neal Bertram wins IEEE award
UCSD electrical and computer engineering professor H. Neal Bertram, a leading researcher in the field of recording physics and micromagnetics, has won the 2003 IEEE Reynold B.
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