Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 04, 2002
Endangered chimpanzees focus of urgent action
Endangered with imminent extinction, Africa's western chimpanzee is the focus of an urgent action plan to be announced Sept.

UC Riverside study shows new generation of gasoline vehicles contributes to cleaner air
The University of California, Riverside released the latest significant findings of its ongoing three-year Study of Extremely Low Emission Vehicles program during the first Clean Mobility Symposium,

Study finds new target for development of anti-cancer drugs
Penn State College of Medicine researchers have identified a new target for anti-cancer therapeutics -- km23/mLC7-1, a protein that helps to direct protein traffic in the cell.

New evidence for why earthquake swarms occur offers hope for better earthquake forecasting
Better forecasting of damaging earthquake swarms may now be more possible after scientists helped to confirm a theory of how and why swarms occur.

Study finds dramatic decline in physical activity among African-American and white girls
Both African-American and white girls experience a dramatic decline in physical activity during adolescence with the greatest decline occurring in black girls.

Engineers think big by designing small
Now that sensors and actuators are matching the size of today's tiniest microprocessors and becoming wirelessly linked to other devices, any object that can benefit from a tiny brain can have one.

Chicago researchers find why uncircumcised men have more HIV
A new study conducted by Chicago researchers shows that internal mucosal layers of foreskin are more susceptible to HIV infection than cervical tissue or the external layers of foreskin, which explains why uncircumcised men seem to be at much higher risk for HIV acquisition than men who are circumcised.

Another view of Chicago school policy
In an analysis that includes qualitative research studies at four Chicago elementary schools and district-wide data, a DePaul University educator challenges current discussions of equity that frame Chicago school reforms and offers proposals to reconstruct urban education policy.

UT Southwestern researchers develop vaccine against deadly bioterrorism toxin ricin
UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researchers have developed a vaccine in mice against the deadly toxin ricin.

Duke researchers develop method to make safer drugs
Using blood thinners as a model, researchers at Duke University Medical Center believe they have found a way to safely turn on and off the effects of drugs, or in this case, reverse the blood-thinning process.

UCSD computer vision group wins homeland security grants
UC San Diego computer-vision researchers have won federal funding for three separate research projects related to homeland security, including one of the first awards from the group that coordinates inter-agency U.S. counter-terrorism research.

Study: Closeness to mother can delay first instance of sexual intercourse among younger teens
Teenagers are less likely to start having sex when their mothers are involved in their lives, have a close relationship with them, and stress the importance of education, according to new findings from the largest survey ever conducted with adolescents in the United States.

For the blind, a computer navigation system with its own 'map'
University of Florida researchers have wedded speech recognition software, wearable computers, satellite positioning technology and other emerging technologies in a 21st-century navigational aid for the blind.

US government commits $36 million to protect Congo's forests
The United States will commit at least $36 million in newly allocated money over the next three years to the Congo Basin Forest Partnership.

More than 70 percent of adults with cancer use alternative therapies
More than 70 percent of adult cancer patients in western Washington use alternative therapies and almost all report substantial improvements in well-being as a result of using alternative medicine, according to a Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center survey.

Web-based collaboration links labs to supercomputers
Researchers collaborating by means of the Internet is nothing new.

Cosmologist Andrei Linde awarded Dirac Medal for theoretical physics
Stanford physics Professor Andrei Linde, whose theories on the origin of the universe have revolutionized the field of cosmology, has been named co-recipient of the 2002 Dirac Medal by the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste, Italy.

Rockefeller researchers provide the first functional evidence for mammalian pheromone receptors
A team of researchers from The Rockefeller University provides the first functional evidence for molecular receptors for pheromones in mammals.

Fulbright grant for upper atmosphere work in Greece
Michael C. Kelley, a professor in Cornell University's School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, has been awarded a Fulbright grant to continue his research in Greece during the 2002-2003 academic year.

Drug shows promise in treating severe, often-lethal complication of stem cell transplants
A study led by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute has shown that a drug extracted from porcine intestinal tissue reduced the risk of death in patients who experienced a severe and often-fatal complication of stem cell transplants.

Scientists unlock secret behind cause of chronic lung disease
Australian researchers have discovered a vital clue to the causes of the many chronic and incurable lung diseases such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorders (COPD), emphysema and asthma.

Songbirds use mental pointer when playing tunes
That spontaneous serenade from the zebra finch is not only more rehearsed than cellist Yo-Yo Ma's chamber music, but the bird even keeps its
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