Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 05, 2002
New National Academy of Sciences report highlights health importance of nutrients found in almonds
The National Academy of Sciences, the nation's most prestigious scientific society, released a report today with new recommendations for healthy eating to reduce the risk of chronic disease, including coronary heart disease and diabetes.

Radical solutions needed to tackle NHS nursing shortage
Current government initiatives to tackle the problems of recruiting and retaining nurses may not resolve the crisis fast enough, and more radical solutions may need to be considered, say researchers in this week's BMJ.

Preparations for terrorist attacks and natural disasters linked, says University of Colorado prof
Preparations for terrorist attacks and natural disasters are linked, said University of Colorado at Boulder Professor Dennis Mileti.

Geriatric provider shortage suggests health care needs to improve with age
With the baby boom generation closing in on old age, every health care professional should be trained in treating the elderly, contend three nursing professors writing in the current edition of the journal Health Affairs.

New device detects fetal brain response to light: May help prevent brain damage
For years, doctors who work in maternal and fetal medicine have had no way to detect brain activity in unborn children.

UC researchers confirm coast redwood and Douglas fir as hosts for sudden oak death pathogen
Two of California's most highly prized trees -- coast redwood and Douglas fir -- are susceptible to Phytophthora ramorum, the pathogen that causes Sudden Oak Death, University of California researchers have confirmed.

Benefit of public defibrillators is marginal
Making defibrillators widely available in public places such as airports and shopping centres is not justified by the marginal improvement in survival, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

A new method for assessing neurological development of fetuses?
A preliminary study in this week's issue of THE LANCET outlines how light-emitting technology could help in the future assessment of fetal neurological development.

Benefits of discussing teenage health concerns are small but encouraging
Teenagers welcome the opportunity to discuss health concerns with a health professional, but the effect on their actual lifestyles is modest, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Livermore lab chemist accurately dates first objects to form in the solar system
A geochemist from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, teaming with researchers from the Royal Ontario Museum, the University of Hawaii and Moscow State University, has accurately dated Calcium Aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs), the oldest objects in our solar system, to be 4.57 billion years old.

Smokers' infections increase risk of early atherosclerosis
Cigarette smoking turns the entire body into a breeding ground for infection, which may allow artery-clogging plaque to take hold, according to a study reported in the September issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Neighborhood integration sways racial attitudes
For Blacks and Whites, living together in racially integrated neighborhoods helps to improve attitudes about one another and behavior toward other races, according to researchers in the recent book,

9/11 one year on: Bridging the world's divisions
This week, THE LANCET'S editorial and an eight-page special report examine the impact of the events of September 11 last year on world politics and public health.

New Stanford study casts doubt on developmental potential of adult stem cells
Researchers at Stanford University Medical Center report that they have tried - and failed - to coax adult blood-forming stem cells in mice into forming tissues other than blood and immune cells.

Genes play a role in heart function -- May determine who develops heart failure
Genes play a significant role in heart function, and may partly determine who develops the most common form of heart failure, report researchers from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and colleagues in this month's Hypertension, a journal of the American Heart Association.

Cat exposure increases asthma risk for children of asthmatic mothers
A study supported by NIH appearing in this weeks Lancet confirmed the protective effect of cat exposure for at-risk children in all but one situation: when the child's mother has asthma.

Microscience to license vaccine delivery technology
A novel vaccine technology by three scientists with the University of Maryland Biotechnology, who will continue applying it to AIDS vaccine development, will now be licensed to a British company, Microscience Ltd., for multiple applications.

Gene controls plant's clock and flowering time
University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers report that they have discovered a gene that regulates when plants flower and is critical for keeping a plant's 24-hour clock running accurately.

Skin test may detect subarachnoid hemorrhage risk
A skin test can detect a tissue disorder that may increase the risk of intracranial aneurysm, which can lead to stroke, according to a pilot study published in the September Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Ambitious plan to give sight to the blind
Enabling the blind to see - a task once thought the province of miracles - is the goal of a technical team that includes Sandia National Laboratories, four other national labs, a private company, and two universities.

UMBI hosts global AIDS meeting, 'Cures for Tomorrow'
Leading researchers of AIDS and other human viral diseases will gather in Baltimore to present the latest advances in vaccines, therapeutics, epidemiology and new theories of viral biology and genetics.

Telling the truth on the Internet
Whether it's checking stock prices, looking up government information or booking a flight, we're relying more and more on information provided over the Internet from electronic databases.

Study identifies genetic fingerprint of healthy sperm
The genetic fingerprinting of sperm cells--detailed in this week's issue of THE LANCET--could be a major step forward in our understanding of male infertility.

M. D. Anderson receives one of its largest private research gifts
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center has received a $15 million gift -- one of the largest private donations in its history to fund research -- from the Commonwealth Foundation for Cancer Research and Mr. and Mrs.

DuPont scientists to unveil 'greener' process to reduce waste
Dr. Mas Subramanian and Dr. Leo E. Manzer will unveil their findings from developing an innovative process for converting hydrocarbons to fluorocarbons -- without generating waste.

Protecting a world online
The Internet and computer networks are now an essential part of most people's lives, yet remain exposed to attacks by hackers.

Vaccine prevents stroke in rats
A vaccine that interferes with inflammation inside blood vessels greatly reduces the frequency and severity of strokes in spontaneously hypertensive, genetically stroke-prone rats, according to a new study from the NIH's National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).

Bladder cancer returns sooner with each recurrence, study shows
A study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Medical school leadership urges race-based consideration
In the face of legal challenges to affirmative action, leaders of the U.S. medical school establishment are calling for the use of race-conscious decision making as

Loblolly pine open for genetic engineering, research shows
The nation's most important commercial pine tree - the loblolly - has been successfully genetically engineered, researchers at the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station report in the journal Molecular Breeding.

Even neurons have favorite numbers
At least a third of the communicating cells in a front part of the brain critical for reasoning and planning seem adept at keeping track of the number of things seen.

Mayo Clinic surgeons direct robotic 'hands' to perform surgery
For the first time, surgeons at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., can perform complex, yet minimally invasive surgery by directing robotic

Are people with mental illness more violent than other people?
The contribution of mental illness to societal violence is modest, despite increasing public concern about the potential for violence among mentally ill patients who have been treated and reside in the community, write researchers in this week's BMJ.
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