Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 09, 2002
Re-emerging field contributes to 10,000 patents yearly
An analysis of patents issued by the U.S. Patent Office over a six-year period shows that an average of 10,000 patents a year incorporate operations research techniques like optimization and simulation, according to an article in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).

Promoting marriage may not benefit all children
Overcoming the drawbacks of growing up with a single parent, black children do as well, both academically and socially, as blacks in two-parent homes, a study by Cornell University and University of Utah researchers indicates.

9/11 has important lessons for mental health workers
While New York's firefighters and police officers have been widely honored for their heroism in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the city's mental health professionals waged a quieter, but in some ways equally heroic effort - to organize a large-scale response to help local residents cope with severe stress and grief.

Athleticism and body weight tied to ALS and other motor neuron diseases
Patients with motor neuron disease, including ALS, were significantly more likely to been slim and to have been varsity athletes, according to a new study conducted by Nikolaos Scarmeas and a team of epidemiologists from Columbia University.

Gene therapy treats first disease affecting multiple organ systems in a large animal
For the first time, researchers have successfully used gene therapy to treat a disease that affects organs throughout the body of a large animal.

The Euro campaign - Don't mention the politics!
There is a real chance that the UK referendum on the single European currency will be conducted with hardly a mention of politics.

AAAS at the BA: Whale food, winners and losers in Antarctica and solar insights
The latest thinking on the chances of extinction for Antarctic animals in seas and lakes, whale food hiding beneath sea ice, and new insights on the Sun's spin are among the hot topics slated for discussion at the 9 September Frontiers of Polar Science panel, organized by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), through its journal Science. The panel will take place during the prestigious British Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting.

Bone marrow donor cells present in muscle fibers of boy with MD years after transplant
Researchers have found that donor cells from a bone marrow transplant given to a one year old boy later diagnosed with muscular dystrophy remained in the patient's muscle 13 years later.

USGS to map richness of aquatic life in the Great Lakes
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and its cooperators are launching a 5-year study in the Great Lakes basin to identify and map unprotected areas of substantial richness in aquatic animal species, and to determine how free those habitats are from human disturbance.

Six of the best
Happiness, health and hormones are behind six ESRC-funded research projects, whose findings will be presented this week at the British Association Festival of Science.

Politicians must exploit the Internet to win 'apathetic' young voters
Politicians and pressure groups are much more likely to engage young people in politics through the Internet than more traditional methods, according to new ESRC-funded research.

Symposium to address effects of fishing on ocean bottom habitats
On November 12-14, 2002, scientists, managers, and fishing industry representatives will gather for the

What do you mean throw out the food guide pyramid?
Exercise an hour a day? Eat up to 25 percent of total calories in added sugars?

Neighborhood socioeconomic status affects diversity of birds in parks, study finds
Birds of a feather not only flock together, but they flock to richer neighborhoods.

Queen's invention connects brain functioning to limb control
A Queen's neuroscientist's invention to help understand the role of the brain in arm and leg movement will dramatically improve the assessment and rehabilitation of stroke and spinal cord victims.

Southern Appalachians value their national forests
Recently published surveys by the SRS Recreation, Wilderness and Demographic Trends unit in Athens, GA, show that people who live in the Southern Appalachians want their national forests managed to protect clean sources of water, preserve natural landscapes for future generations to enjoy, and provide wildlife habitat.

Biodegradable plastics go to compost heaps, not landfills
Instead of landfills clogged with discarded computers and car parts, Cornell University fiber scientist Anil Netravali works on low-cost, fully biodegradable composites made from soybean protein and other biodegradable plastics and plant-based fibers, cars.

Cognitive decline after cardiac valve replacement not a given
A new study challenges previous findings that patients undergoing elective coronary bypass grafting (CABG), or valve replacement, experience long-term cognitive decline.

New Amazon forest monitoring team: RAINFOR
Global climate change predictions and greenhouse gas models desperately need to be tested in the Amazon, home of 45% of the world's tropical forest.

California's native grasses can be restored
A research project to restore native grasslands to a reserve in California has yielded some promising results.

New survey suggests homebuyers using Internet extensively but still relying on their own searches
In decades past, real estate agents had much useful information at their fingertips about homes they and other agents were trying to sell.

Garlic may protect the heart from damage after surgery
Raw garlic consumption may help limit the damage done to the heart after surgery because if its natural antioxidant properties, according to a new study published in BMC Pharmacology.

Product development finds new ally in rapid freeze prototyping
Rapid prototyping (RP) technology has just found a new ally - water.

UCSD team identifies potential role of CRP in development of antherosclerosis
Another piece of the complex puzzle of how inflammation is involved in heart attacks and strokes has been discovered by researchers at UCSD.

Depression and exposure to other smokers linked to alternative tobacco product use among teens
Exposure to family and friends who smoke and elevated levels of depression significantly affect the likelihood of alternate tobacco product use among adolescents, a study by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and Georgetown University indicates.
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