Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 25, 2002
Achieving success: Evaluating the federal mandate for adequate yearly progress in public schools
As school administrators seek to interpret and respond to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, three educational researchers take issue with its mandated annual progress requirement for the nation's public schools.

Newly revealed viral structure suggests a continuum in the evolution of viruses
Scientists have uncovered the molecular-level framework of a common bacteriophage, a virus that infects bacteria.

UNC, other universities will help NASA develop space-age materials
The award will establish an Institute for Biologically Inspired Materials (IBIM) to investigate and design functional ways of simulating repair mechanisms used by plants, animals and other organisms.

Council tax could be used to measure health status
A new British study published in BMC Public Health suggests that those who pay the highest rates of council tax for their local services live longer.

Biologist's new experiment may vindicate Darwin
Charles Darwin was an avid proponent of the idea that a single species need not be geographically divided to evolve into separate species.

New research adds to understanding of conscious awareness
Two new studies by faculty at Georgetown University Medical Center and colleagues shed new light on the brain mechanisms underlying conscious awareness.

Washington university education department receives $10 million NSF grant
The Department of Education in Arts & Sciences has been awarded a $10 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to create the St.

Rensselaer research team sheds light on a good night's sleep for those with Alzheimer's
The results of a recent pilot study has found that Alzheimer's patients sleep better through the night if they are exposed to blue LED lighting a few hours before bedtime.

'OptIPuter' design for data-intensive computer wins $13.5 million NSF award
The NSF awards $13.5 million over five years to a consortium led by UCSD and the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC).

250 years after Ben Franklin's key and kite experiment
In 1752, Ben Franklin used a key on a kite string to study lightning.

Michael B. Sporn, M.D., to receive inaugural cancer prevention award
Michael B. Sporn, M.D., a pioneering cancer researcher who laid the foundation for the field of chemoprevention, has been selected the inaugural recipient of the AACR-Cancer Research Foundation Award for Excellence in Cancer Prevention Research.

NSF awards reinforce UCSD's reputation as leader in information technology research
With $22 million in funding from the NSF's Information Technology Research program, researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) will embark on eight new projects in the field of information technology.

Gene found that helps nerve cells survive by preventing cell suicide
Why do some nerve cells survive and regrow after injury while others shrink away and die?

New technology for straying missiles
The US Navy has developed a new technology that allows a pilot to intercept and redirect a missile that appears to be heading for the wrong target.

Right side of brain learns language skills after stroke
When a stroke affects the language areas in the left side of the brain, the right side takes over and learns how to perform language tasks, according to research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Climate model for Earth also describes changes on Mars
A climate change theory for Earth can be applied to Mars and possibly to other Earth-like planets, report a Brown geoscientist and two colleagues in the Sept.

Jackson researchers identify a gene implicated in oxidative stress and neurodegeneration
Researchers at The Jackson Laboratory announced that they have located a gene that protects certain brain and retinal neurons from oxidative stress, and prevents neurodegeneration.

NIAMS scientists find biochemical 'switch' directs muscle building
Researchers at the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases and at institutions in California and Italy have found that inhibitors of the enzyme deacetylase can switch the pathway of muscle precursor cells (myoblasts) from simply reproducing themselves to becoming mature cells that form muscle fibers (myotubules).

Chili peppers and inflammation: Researchers unravel mechanism of pain sensitivity
Scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital have discovered a common component to the burning sensation produced by chili peppers and the pain associated with arthritis.

Blood pressure drug shown to cut stroke, death risks in common form of hypertension
A drug that reduces high blood pressure in people with a form of the disease that's common later in life also cuts their risk of stroke and death, and does it better than another hypertension drug, a new study finds.

$10 Million center for theoretical biological physics created at UCSD by NSF
A consortium of research institutions in La Jolla, Calif., has been awarded $10.5 million over the next five years from the National Science Foundation to establish the world's leading center in the emerging field of theoretical biological physics.

Venus may be hiding life
Unlikely as it seems, the hellishly hot planet Venus could be hiding life.

University of Toronto professor finds key protein in fight against plant disease
A University of Toronto botanist has identified a protein that ultimately could provide chemical-free ways to protect crops from disease.

Review of preliminary observations concludes the Mayo Clinic Natl Conf on Medicine and the Media
After three days of debate and deliberation, attendees gathered over the weekend at the Mayo Clinic National Conference on Medicine and the Media reviewed preliminary observations for bringing more accurate, timely and responsible medical news to the public.

Rare disorder provides new insight into fighting infection
NIAID scientists and collegues found that an enzyme called caspase-8, known to help trigger apoptosis, is also involved in activating many immune system cells to fight off infections.

Conference focuses on drug abuse effects on neuroimmunity, infectious diseases
The 9th Conference on Neuroimmune Circuits & Infectious Diseases will be held Oct.

Fogarty International Center announces first awards for international tobacco and health program
The Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health and eight partners announce 14 new research and training grants to combat the growing incidence of tobacco-caused illnesses and death in the developing world.

Awards will advance the state of information technology's art
The National Science Foundation (NSF) will support new approaches to software development and computer networking and communications that will in turn provide scientists with entirely new ways of working with large data sets, visualizing what the data represent and sharing knowledge around the globe.

Supercrop thrives on saline soil
Saltwort, a perennial bush that colonises salt marshes around the world, has been found to be unexpectedly packed with nutritious proteins, oils and starches.

URI oceanographer studies the effects of inland water on the intensity of landfalling hurricanes
URI Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) physical oceanographer Isaac Ginis, Weixing Shen, formerly with GSO and now at NOAA's National Center for Environmental Prediction, and Robert E.
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