Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 26, 2002
UK researchers develop novel treatment for fibroids
UK researchers have developed a novel method of treating uterine fibroids that allows women to be treated under local anaesthetic as outpatients.

New test predicts pregnancy problems long before they happen
For the first time there is a test that can identify more than 90 percent of pregnant women who will develop high blood pressure months before they have symptoms that standard tests can detect.

UGA study finds single moms in poor, rural areas aren't ruled by setting
Good parenting style and a positive personal outlook can help black single mothers in poor rural areas raise children who do well in school and cope well with life in general, according to a new research conducted by the University of Georgia.

Spermicide gel could increase risk of HIV-1 infection
A common spermicide gel which has previously been proposed as a preventative agent against HIV-1 infection has been shown to be ineffective, according to authors of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet-and could actually increase HIV-1 transmission if used frequently.

New clues to help diabetes and hypoglycemia
Australian scientists have found clues to why patients with insulin-dependent diabetes are often unable to sense their need to take life-saving glucose.

NC State chemist creates structure in amorphous materials
A chemist at North Carolina State University has made breakthrough discoveries that advance basic understandings of the nature of liquids and glasses at the atomic and molecular levels.

Study sheds light on mess in polluted streams
Downstream from mining sites, a suffocating gel forms in the water of creeks and rivers.

Study sheds light on mess in polluted streams
Downstream from mining sites, a suffocating gel forms in the water of creeks and rivers.

University of Pittsburgh scientist discusses blood cell damage from biomedical devices
Biomedical devices such as prosthetic heart valves, heart-assist devices, vascular grafts and hemodialysis systems can help to save lives, these devices also can damage the blood cells which travel through them.

Report assessing impact of soot on global warming could alter control strategies
A new report on the role that atmospheric soot particles may play in global warming suggests a new near-term control strategy, introduces a new element of uncertainty in climate models and shifts more responsibility for curbing pollution to developing nations such as China and India.

U.S. cities have 10 more hot nights a year than 40 years ago
Sweating it out: U.S. cities now have 10 more hot nights than forty years ago, Cornell climate researchers discover.

Fumonisin found in Texas corn
Fumonisin, a toxin that is produced almost exclusively in corn and can be fatal to equine and rabbits, has been found in corn samples from the 2002 corn crop harvested in certain portions of Texas.

Breast cancer gene reviewed
A review article in this week's issue of The Lancet assesses the impact of BRCA1 gene mutations-known to be strongly associated with an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer-on the management of patients.

Seven E.O. Lawrence Award winners named
Seven researchers from Berkeley Lab, Livermore Lab, North Carolina State University, Sandia Labs/UNM, Stanford Univ./SLAC and TIGR were named winners of the E.O.

Most patients take less than two minutes to tell their story
Doctors should let patients talk without interruption at the start of a consultation, a study in this week's BMJ suggests.

What makes a good doctor?
A good doctor should be compassionate, understanding, honest and empathetic reveals a poll carried out in this week's BMJ.

Stent or bypass surgery for coronary artery disease?
An international study in this week's issue of The Lancet highlights how patients given bypass surgery for blocked or narrowed coronary arteries are less likely to require further intervention than patients given stent-assisted balloon angioplasty.

Nighttime is the right time to prevent preterm labor with aspirin
Low-dose aspirin prevented preterm labor in pregnant women at risk for high blood pressure, but only if they started therapy before the 16th week of pregnancy, and only if they took it at night.

Quality time with physical therapists above fancy equipment, convenient parking
Patients place far greater priority on quality and quantity of time spent with their physical therapist than on sophisticated equipment, easy parking and convenience of location, researchers say.

International space station science operations status report
Flight Engineer Peggy Whitson and the science team on Earth conducted the second experiment with the Pore Formation and Mobility Investigation on Monday and Tuesday aboard the International Space Station.

'Glutaid' on the horizon? Study may someday spell relief for people on gluten-free diets
Scientists have identified a protein fragment in many cereal grains that may cause the autoimmune disorder, Celiac Sprue, and an enzyme that may help treat the disorder.

Recreational use of the drug 'Ecstasy' causes new kind of brain damage
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have found that doses of the popular recreational drug

Antibiotic could offer promise for treatment of cystic fibrosis
The antibiotic azithromycin could offer some benefit to people with cystic fibrosis if they do not respond to conventional treatment, suggest authors of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Saul Perlmutter wins E. O. Lawrence Award in physics
Saul Perlmutter, a member of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Physics Division and leader of the international Supernova Cosmology Project based here, has won the Department of Energy's 2002 E.

Water may prevent some fainting spells
Drinking about 16 oz. of water may help prevent healthy people from fainting due to standing or after donating blood.

Black carbon contributes to droughts and floods in China
A new NASA climate study has found large amounts of black carbon (soot) particles and other pollutants are causing changes in precipitation and temperatures over China and may be at least partially responsible for the tendency toward increased floods and droughts in those regions over the last several decades.

Bad role models lead junior doctors to regret choice of career
Bad role models can lead junior doctors to regret their choice of career, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Synchrotron lab Director Hodgson wins E. O. Lawrence Award
Keith O. Hodgson has been named a recipient of the DOE's Ernest O.

US researchers find endometriosis associated with wide range of diseases
US researchers report today in Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal, Human Reproduction, that women with endometriosis are significantly more likely than other women to suffer from a number of additional distressing or disabling conditions.

Home injury found to be a major cause of deaths, largest study of its kind finds
Home may be where the heart is, but it's also where danger lurks, new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill research shows.

Scientists trap hydrogen gas in ice 'cages' - implications for fuel cells and space science
Researchers have now trapped molecules of H2 gas inside water-ice, structures forming hydrogen hydrate.

Equation rivals ultrasound in calculating birth weight
An equation based on maternal characteristics and gestational age is just as accurate as ultrasound for predicting birth weight, while costing less and requiring no additional trained staff, says a new study from Duke University Medical Center and California State University.

Two Livermore physicists win prestigious E.O. Lawrence Award
Two physicists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are winners of the E.O.

New combination treatment for hepatitis C reported more beneficial than standard therapy
The New England Journal of Medicine's Sept. 26 issue carries the first published report showing that a combination treatment with peginterferon alfa-2a (Pegasys) - a new long-acting interferon drug - and an antiviral medication is more beneficial than the standard combination therapy for people with the most-difficult-to-treat and most common strain of hepatitis C.

Diabetic women on hormone replacement therapy have better glycemic and lipid profiles
Diabetic women who use hormone replacement therapy (HRT) were more likely to have their blood glucose under control, and have lower cholesterol levels than women who never used hormone therapy, a study by University at Buffalo epidemiologists has found.

Job satisfaction among senior doctors generally high
Levels of job satisfaction among senior doctors have been generally high, but many do not plan to work to the age of 65, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

SMU and UNC researchers make an advance in our understanding of gene regulation
Researchers from Southern Methodist University and the University of North Carolina have made an important advance in our understanding of gene regulation.

Study: Genome-wide scanning unravels complex birth defect
Researchers from the McKusick-Nathans Institute for Genetic Medicine at Johns Hopkins have successfully used genome scanning technology to search through thousands of DNA bits, from every chromosome, to identify two genes that cause an inherited intestinal disorder by working together.

Duke and federal government partner to create innovative health care model
Duke University Medical Center and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services have launched a new initiative that has the potential to help transform how health care in America is delivered.

Curator finds, names new species of climbing milkweed
A new species of climbing milkweed has been named by Alexander Krings, curator of the North Carolina State University Herbarium (also NCSC, its international Index Herbariorum abbreviation).

People who don't 'dip' have higher levels of clot factor and risk
Individuals whose blood pressure doesn't take a downward turn during the night may have a hidden clotting problem.

New data may alter frequency and surgical procedure
Biopsy is the standard tool to determine whether small breast tumors have invaded nearby lymph nodes, a signal that additional therapy is called for to destroy roving cancer cells.

Pesticide resistance warning after gene discovery
Scientists have raised concerns following the discovery of a single gene that gives vinegar flies resistance to a wide range of pesticides, including the banned DDT.

Listening large
For decades, electronics have been getting smaller and smaller. Now, engineers are turning to one of mankind's oldest arts -- weaving -- for a cost-effective way of making certain devices bigger and bigger.

Wake Forest receives $20 million NIH grant to oversee diabetes genetics study
Wake Forest University School of Medicine has been awarded a five-year, $20 million grant by the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institutes of Health to coordinate a worldwide effort to identify the genes that determine susceptibility to Type 1 diabetes.

Four eyes are better
During two recent nights, preliminary tests were successfully carried out during which the light beams from all four VLT 8.2-m Unit Telescopes (UTs) at the ESO Paranal Observatory were successively combined, two by two, to produce interferometric fringes.

University of California, Riverside study dates our ancestors
A team led by Dr. Mary Droser, professor of geology at the University of California, Riverside, studied

Researchers find trigger for devastating digestive disease, propose treatment
Researchers have found a peptide molecule that triggers celiac sprue - a severe inflammation of the intestine that results from eating wheat and related grains - and propose a treatment strategy that relies on bacterial enzymes to break down the offending molecule in the digestive tract.

Stanford researcher to find cure for widespread Celiac disease
Stanford chemist Chaitan Khosla announces the founding of the Celiac Sprue Research Foundation, a non-profit public charity.

Stanford researchers find cause, possible cure for gluten intolerance
A team of investigators led by Stanford University researchers have discovered the cause and a potential treatment for celiac sprue, an autoimmune disease that leads to an inability to digest gluten, a major protein in wheat, rye and barley products.
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