Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 01, 2002
MIT model predicts birthplace of defect in a material
Defects such as cracks in a material are responsible for everything from malfunctioning microchips to earthquakes.

Clinical Trials Litigation: Legal & Ethical Issues in Human Subjects Research
On Thursday, October 3, Brooklyn Law School's Center for Health Law and Policy will present a program that examines the legal and ethical questions surrounding the safety of human subjects in clinical research projects while examining the status of exisiting litigation.

UC Berkeley study indicates promise of Chinese herbal medicine in treatment of chronic hepatitis B
Chinese herbal medicine combined with interferon alfa may be more effective than taking interferon alfa alone for treatment of chronic hepatitis B, according to a meta-analysis of 27 clinical trials by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley.

Wrong proteins targeted in battle against cancer?
Researchers may be looking for novel cancer drugs in the wrong places, says Rockefeller University Professor James E.

Creative researcher receives DOE's E.O. Lawrence Award for innovations in nanostructured materials
C. Jeffrey Brinker will be one of seven scientists awarded the Department of Energy's E.O.

Landcover changes may rival greenhouse gases as cause of climate change
While many scientists and policy makers have focused only on how heat-trapping gases like carbon dioxide are altering our global climate, a new NASA-funded study points to the importance of also including human-caused land-use changes as a major factor contributing to climate change.

Researchers devise ways to reduce noise, improve sleep in nursing homes
Even modest increases in noise above the background level disturb the sleep of seniors in nursing homes, according to an ongoing study at Georgia Tech, Emory University and the Atlanta Veterans Administration Medical Center.

University of New Hampshire launches biomedical research network with $5.6 million grant
The University of New Hampshire has received $5.6 million from the National Institutes of Health to stimulate biomedical research across the state.

Folic acid can help prevent heart disease, strokes - University of Ulster research
Folic acid is not only a safeguard against spina bifida and other birth defects in babies - it may also prevent heart disease and strokes, two of Northern Ireland's biggest killers.

World's largest scientific society honors U.S. Representative David Price
The American Chemical Society is honoring Rep. David Price (D-NC) with its distinguished Public Service Award for his contributions to the advancement and development of chemistry and science through public policy.

Surprise: Pharmacists' care program boosted patients' satisfaction, but also hospital, ER visits
The study, published in the Oct. 2 issue, showed that a specially created program for patients with breathing-related illnesses improved their lung function only slightly.

Selling a kidney does not benefit the seller
Individuals who sell a kidney do not receive a long-term economic benefit from the sale and may have a worsening of their health.

Study finds no evidence that teaching breast self-examination saves lives
Teaching women breast self-examination (BSE) does not appear to decrease the number of deaths from breast cancer, according to a study in the October 2 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

OHSU receives $7.8 million NIH grant to develop first ultrasound to also deliver heart treatment
OHSU is leading a new multicenter partnership that hopes to revolutionize treatment for some heart diseases, such as abnormal heart beats.

Allocation technique boosts efficiency, minimizes interference for wireless internet broadband
Penn State engineers have developed an economical way to more efficiently manage radio spectrum use and prevent interference on wireless broadband systems for high-speed Internet access - potentially bringing down costs for consumers.

World's largest scientific society honors U.S. Representative Jerry Lewis
The American Chemical Society is honoring Rep. Jerry Lewis (R-CA) with its distinguished Public Service Award for his contributions to the advancement and development of chemistry and science through public policy.

Other highlights in the October 2 issue of JNCI
Other highlights include a study showing that zoledronic acid can reduce the number of bone complications in patients with advanced prostate cancer, a study evaluating the biologic effects of antiangiogenic antibodies in humans, and a study showing that the inhibition of certain signaling components can revert breast cancer cells back to cells that appear normal.

NSF awards $4.3 million to Rutgers for Maize Genome Sequencing Project
Rutgers is receiving a $4.3 million National Science Foundation (NSF) grant, part of a $10.2 million, two-year NSF initiative funding two projects that will sequence the maize (corn) genome.

ADHD in girls can be serious but is often overlooked, UC Berkeley study shows
Although boys with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) greatly outnumber girls, girls have been underdiagnosed and their condition is greatly underappreciated, according to a pair of studies in the October issue of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

Antioxidant reduces brain damage in stroke model
New research shows that a synthetic antioxidant reduces brain damage by more than 40 percent in an animal model of stroke even when given seven and a half hours after the stroke begins.

Exercise helps diabetics control heart-related problems
Type 2 diabetes and its often-associated high blood pressure present a double-whammy to the heart, causing abnormalities in the organ's structure and function, and damage to blood vessels throughout the body.

Study estimates cost-effectiveness of cervical cancer screening strategies
A formal cost-effectiveness analysis of three cervical cancer screening tests in Thailand has found that all three tests, alone and in combination, could save lives at a reasonable cost.

Needle-free blood and tissue measurements
Whether 240 miles above in the International Space Station or firmly grounded on Earth, medical testing without needles wins everyone's vote.

Neural stem cells improve motor function in brain injuries
Neural stem cells, transplanted into injured brains, survive, proliferate, and improve brain function in laboratory models.

JAMA study looks at role of pharmacist in health care
Study by Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University School of Medicine researchers found that care by a pharmacist often led to more emergency department and hospital visits.

HIV infection rate and risky behavior decline amoung injection drug users in Baltimore
A study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health shows injection drug users in Baltimore have decreased their risky behavior, as well as their chances of contracting HIV.

Minority children more likely to be evaluated for physical abuse
Minority children are more likely to be evaluated for physical abuse and reported to authorities than white children with comparable injuries, say researchers who studied hospital records at an urban pediatric hospital.

GlaxoSmithKline Drug Discovery and Development Award 2002
Six HIV and AIDS researchers will split $500,000 as this year's recipients of the GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Drug Discovery and Development Award.

Initial Avon/NCI breast cancer research grants awarded in 'Progress for Patients' awards program
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the Avon Foundation announced today initial grant awards to six applicants for the Avon-NCI
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