Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 09, 2002
UW-Madison leads $26 million study on aging
While we all age, we age in different ways. But exactly why we age differently remains much of a mystery.

Survey: Medicare gets higher marks from enrollees than private insurance
Commonwealth Fund survey finds that Medicare beneficiaries are more likely than enrollees in employer sponsored plans to rate their insurance coverage as excellent and less likely to report access problems.

Sex-based differences in environmental exposures and health
On Oct. 15, the Society for Women's Health Research is bringing together experts to explore implications of sex differences in environmental exposures.

U-M Bioterrorism Preparedness Initiative gets $1 million from CDC
The University of Michigan will work toward making the state of Michigan a safer place by training public health professionals who must prevent and respond to bioterrorist attacks and other infectious disease outbreaks.

Kurt Wüthrich of The Scripps Research Institute wins 2002 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Kurt Wüthrich, Ph.D., who is Cecil H. and Ida M.

Smart materials expand within global marketplace
Business and technical communities are recognizing smart materials as a promising way to boost revenues and profits.

Experienced surgeon reduces complications from minimally invasive 'stomach staple' surgery
A well-trained surgeon can reduce complications from a new minimally-invasive stomach staple surgical technique that is quickly becoming a popular way to treat morbid obesity, a UC Irvine and UC Davis study has found.

Purdue corrals new Trojan horse to replace wayward genes in mice
A research team at two Midwest universities has developed a new way to genetically alter cells in living mice, offering new possibilities in the war against cancer and other diseases.

UMBI licenses HIV rat to Harlan
The patent for the first HIV rat-a laboratory model expected to speed AIDS research-has been licensed to the laboratory animal services company Harlan Sprague Dawley, Inc.

Brain anticipates events to learn routines
A new study at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston helps explain why practice makes perfect.

Research on cells' 'power centers' sheds light on AIDS treatments
Certain HIV-AIDS treatment side effects, such as fat loss and insulin resistance, clinically resemble diseases of the mitochondria, the

Control of methane emissions would reduce both global warming and air pollution, researchers find
Both air pollution and global warming could be reduced by controlling emissions of methane gas, according to a new study.

Revealed: How a master protein remodels chromosomes to orchestrate gene expression
Berkeley Lab scientists have demonstrated that SATB1, a protein crucial to the development of the immune system, works by forming a network in the cell nucleus, attaching chromatin to the network structure at specific sites, and orchestrating remodeling of the chromatin over long distances to regulate gene expression.

European trial finds old lung cancer treatment may still be best
The first clinical trial to compare directly two of the most widely-used drugs in advanced lung cancer, cisplatinin and carboplatin (both in combination with paclitaxel) - have concluded that the older drug, cisplatin, is the better treatment according to a report in Annals of Oncology.

A red flag for lethal prostate cancer
High levels of activity in a gene called EZH2 could be a warning sign of metastatic prostate cancer, according to new research.

6th Annual Symposium on Biomaterial Science
A significant part of the symposium focuses on polymer informatics, modeling, simulation, computer design and design strategies for the future of new materials.

UNC among 10 U.S. medical centers tapped to study living donor liver transplants
The National Institutes of Health has designated the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill one of 10 medical centers nationwide to participate in the Adult to Adult Living Donor Liver Transplant Cohort Study.

International Space Station expedition five science operations
Science operations aboard the International Space Station this week were geared toward the docking today of Space Shuttle Atlantis, with three new experiments scheduled for transfer to the Station and four completed experiments to be ferried back to Earth.

RRF recycles form, not exact function
After the ribosome complex creates a new protein, it is the Ribosome Recycling Factor (RRF) that puts the pieces back together again.

Research, physician training combine to put care for opiate dependence in hands of family doctor
Buprenorphine, a new medication developed through a decade of research supported by NIDA, will now become available to treat heroin and other opiod dependence.

NHLBI launches innovative proteomics centers
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has launched a major initiative to develop innovative proteomic technologies by creating 10 special centers of research, each funded for 7 years.

New avenue of HIV damage found
Accumulation of scar tissue in the T cell zone of the lymph node may explain why aggressive anti-retroviral therapy (ART) does not improve the immune system in some people with HIV-1 infection.

Airport noise impairs long-term memory and reading
The first long-term study of the same children before and after airports near them opened and closed concludes that excessive noise interferes with children's reading ability and long-term memory.

NHLBI funds new heart-health education projects in high-risk communities
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) today announced the funding of six new community-based education projects, which will focus on improving the cardiovascular health of those at increased risk for heart disease and stroke.

Researchers elucidate machinery of major anti-cancer target
Duke University Medical Center biochemists have reported the detailed function of an enzyme that is a key component of a signaling pathway important for about 30 percent of cancers.

DNA unzipping found to take at least two proteins, not one alone
Using an optical fluorescence microscope to monitor enzyme activity, researchers at three universities have solved a long-running mystery.

Eczema patients lack natural antibiotic in skin
Patients with atopic dermatitis, or eczema, are susceptible to bacterial infections of their skin because they fail to produce two antimicrobial peptides.

ACS statement on Nobel Prize in Chemistry
The 2002 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to three scientists -- John B.

Better metal forming: Magnetic pulses 'bump' metal into shape
A process developed at Ohio State University for shaping metal parts using magnetism has reached a new milestone -- one that may cut manufacturing costs and help preserve the environment.

Purdue-grown economist wins Nobel Prize in economics
An economist who launched his groundbreaking research at Purdue University today (Wednesday, 10/9) was awarded the Nobel Prize.

UT Southwestern named one of 10 NIH centers for 'Human Proteome Project'
UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas is one of 10 U.S. institutions to be awarded a multimillion-dollar National Institutes of Health grant to develop faster methods to study proteins that are critical to drug development.
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