Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 14, 2002
Engineers develop economical terrorist-resistant air conditioning concept
Penn State engineers have developed a terrorist-resistant air conditioning concept that they estimate costs less to install in new construction, is more energy efficient, and is cheaper to operate than the current industry standard.

Fran Visco receives Frances Williams Preston Award from Vanderbilt University
Fran Visco, president of the National Breast Cancer Coalition, is the 2002 recipient of the Frances Williams Preston Award for Breast Cancer Awareness, presented by the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center.

MRI can predict risk of heart attacks
For the first time, researchers have shown that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can predict the risk of heart attacks or cardiac deaths in coronary heart disease patients, according to a report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Report offers action plan for curbing diseases that kill millions
A new report from the American Academy of Microbiology focuses on understanding the global threat gastrointestinal diseases pose to public health and what can be done about it.

Fish fat kills cancer cells
Fatty acids from fish oils and fatty fish can destroy the power station - the mitochondria- in certain types of cancer cells, making the cells commit suicide.

Angioplasty safer, need for emergency surgery afterward plunges
More physician experience and technological advances have produced a 10-fold drop in emergency bypass surgery following angioplasty, researchers report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

OHSU ethicist offers guidance for physicians with patients using alternative medicine
Ethicists offer new guidelines for physicians dealing with patients interested in receiving alternative care in addition to, or instead of, conventional medical care.

Antibiotic slows atherosclerosis in people with Chlamydia pneumonia antibodies
Long-term antibiotic treatment may slow the progress of early atherosclerosis in stroke patients who have antibodies to a pneumonia-causing bacteria in their bloodstream, scientists report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Washington University gets $6.5 NSF grant for math and science outreach program
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded the Washington University in St.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, October 15, 2002
The follwing studies are published in the October 15th issue of Annals of Internal Medicine, office-based physicians may offer methadone treatment therapy, testing patients' hair may show how well AIDS drug is working, and the latest case study in patient safety series examines hospital-acquired infections that led to an elderly man's death.

New Center for Nanoscale Science established at Penn State
The interdisciplinary Center for Nanoscale Science has been established at Penn State with $9 million over the next six years from the National Science Foundation (NSF) plus additional support from Penn State University and the state of Pennsylvania.

Wake Forest pediatric heart surgeon to repair heart defect on live Webcast
A pediatric heart surgeon at Brenner Children's Hospital will use video-assisted surgery to repair a heart defect in a one-year-old boy during a live Webcast from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center at 5 p.m.

Purdue scientist adds third dimension to earth beneath our feet
Purdue's Scott King has found evidence that some dramatic features of the earth's surface could be the result of relatively rapid shifts in the direction in which crustal plates move.

Study suggests coenzyme Q10 slows functional decline in Parkinson's disease
Results of the first placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial of the compound coenzyme Q10 suggest that it can slow disease progression in patients with early-stage Parkinson's disease (PD).

New Parkinson's surgical procedure shows lasting benefits, according to Emory researchers
A new method of performing a surgical procedure in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients is providing long-lasting symptom relief for those with moderate to advanced stages of the disease, according to the results of an international pilot study.

USGS scientists monitor coastal damage from Hurricane Lili
U.S. Geological Survey scientists are continuing to monitor the effects of Hurricane Lili, which slammed into the Louisiana coast Oct.

Study backs theory that accumulating mutations of 'quiet' genes foster aging
A theory that suggests the aging process might be safely slowed by targeting genes that are quiet early but threaten damage later in life has gotten a boost from new findings from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Commercial driving not linked to permanent back injury
Authors of a study published on The Lancet's website--
Hawaii's Mauna Loa volcano is beginning to stir, new data reveal
Mauna Loa - Hawaii's biggest and potentially most destructive volcano - is showing signs of life again nearly two decades after its last eruption.

Study finds increased risk of liver injury with some TB medications
A newly recommended treatment for latent tuberculosis (TB) infection can cause liver injury, and therefore needs to be used with great caution and frequent monitoring, according to a UCSF-led, multi-center study.

Bristol: Successes and missed opportunities
Large-scale investment and business growth in Britain's cities is still largely determined by the basic facts of location and labour supply.

Crucial gene found for embryonic stem cell maintenance
Scientists from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have identified a gene necessary for the normal progression of early mammalian embryogenesis and the establishment of embryonic stem cell lines.

Preliminary study shows high-dose coenzyme Q10 slows functional decline in Parkinson's patients
A national clinical trial with 80 Parkinson's disease patients has shown that high dosages of a naturally occurring compound, coenzyme Q10, slowed by 44 percent the progressive deterioration in function that occurs in the disease.

Branching out: New insight into vessel branching during development
An international collaboration of scientists, led by Dr. David Shima (Cancer Research UK London Research Institute), has discovered that different forms of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein regulate vessel branching during mammalian embryogenesis.

Walk the walk: Gait recognition technology could identify humans at a distance
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology and elsewhere are developing technologies to recognize a person's walk, or gait.

Foxd3 gene allows stem cells to remain stem cells
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of medicine have determine that the Foxd3 gene is a required factor for pluripotency - the ability of stem cells to turn into different types of tissue - in the mammalian embryo.

Immediate treatment helps delay progression of glaucoma
Researchers have found that immediately treating people who have early stage glaucoma can delay progression of the disease.

Women report chronic pelvic pain not taken seriously, survey shows
A majority of women who suffer from chronic pelvic pain have been told that their pain is

First-ever cancer prevention research meeting
Scientists from around the world are convening in Boston, MA this week at the first-ever annual meeting, organized by the American Association for Cancer Research, dedicated solely to new research in cancer prevention.

Landmark study shows coenzyme Q10 slows progressive decline in Parkinson's disease
In the first study of its type, researchers at Emory University and nine other centers nationwide have determined that a naturally occurring compound called coenzyme Q10 can slow progressive deterioration associated with the early stages of Parkinson's disease up to 44 percent.

Allergic to your DNA?
Scientists have discovered that the presence of undigested DNA left over from dead cells can elicit an immune response in the fruit fly Drosophila, prompting researchers to question whether an analogous autoimmune response could be triggered in humans.

Molecular biology and biological control team up to thwart pests and weeds
Hoping to tag-team invading insect and plant species with the oldest and newest in scientific approaches, researchers from 22 nations will gather Oct.

New thinking needed on atmospheric physics, study suggests
An atmospheric phenomenon called
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