Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 17, 2002
Work stress doubles risk of death from heart disease
Work stress is associated with a doubling of the risk of death from heart disease, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Preliminary study suggests endomitriosis could contribute to infertility
Authors of a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet provide preliminary evidence which suggests that the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis may play a significant role in reducing fertility.

McCance and Widdowson's The Composition of Foods - 6th summary edition
This book provides authoritative and comprehensive nutrient data for over 1,200 of the most commonly consumed foods in the UK.

Physics tip sheet #28 - October 17, 2002
Highlights of this issue include how corporate boards make decisions, a new type of three-dimensional ink, evaluating land for use without needing to dig and studying black holes in your bathtub.

People near freeways are exposed to 30 times the concentration of dangerous particles
People who live, work or travel within 165 feet downwind of a major freeway or busy intersection are exposed to potentially hazardous particle concentrations up to 30 times greater than normal background concentrations found at a greater distance, according to two recently published UCLA studies.

The CDC has awarded $4.5 million to UCSF'S Institute for Global Health
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has awarded $4.5 million to UCSF's Institute for Global Health, in partnership with UCSF's AIDS Research Institute, to create the Center for International AIDS Support, Training, and Evaluation (CIASTE).

Sauerkraut contains anticancer compound
Baseball fans might want to add a little more sauerkraut to their hot dogs: Researchers have identified compounds in the tangy topping, made from fermented cabbage, that may fight cancer.

International space station expedition five science operations
Astronauts and cosmonauts brought new experiments to the International Space Station this week and loaded completed experiments aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis for return to Earth.

Researchers find mechanism responsible for neuronal death in prion diseases
Research from Whitehead Institute Director Susan Lindquist and Jiyan Ma, Ohio State University, suggests a unifying theory that can help explain how devastating prion diseases get started and how they kill.

Cleaner air linked to reduced death rates
Two population studies in this week's issue of The Lancet highlight how poor air quality is directly related to increased risk of death from respiratory and cardiovascular disease.

Key to Earth's mysterious core found beneath arctic ice
In the high Canadian Arctic, researchers at the University of Rochester have stripped away some of the mystery surrounding the powerhouse that drives the Earth's magnetic field.

Duke ecologist's book offers hopeful view of Earth's plight
As described by ecologist Rob Jackson in his new book

Misfolding the key to protein's ability to kill brain cells
Researchers may have discovered how prions can kill nerve cells in the brain and lead to some serious degenerative diseases.

Use of genetic testing for colorectal cancer may increase screening rates
Individuals with a genetic predisposition for colorectal cancer (CRC) were more likely to be screened for the disease, according to a study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research's (AACR) first annual Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research meeting.

Tiny atomic battery could run for decades unattended
Cornell University researchers have built a microscopic device that could supply power for decades to remote sensors or implantable medical devices by drawing energy from a radioactive isotope and converting it directly into the up and down motion of a cantilever.

Researchers identify a gene essential for the natural killer cell response against cancer
Two parts of the body's immune system are critical for its normal functioning.

Ancient defense mechanism may still be protecting us
A complex DNA error-correction system that likely evolved from an ancient self-defense mechanism is still active in nearly every organism, turning primeval genetic invaders' tricks against them and into useful cell functions.

Hartford institute scholars decry shortfall in geriatric expertise of health care professionals
The September/October 2002 issue of the journal Health Affairs features an article outlining an impending crisis in health care for older adults and the great need for expanded education in geriatrics for all health care professionals.

New research shows children are natural photographers
New research shows that, contrary to popular belief, children as young as four years old show a remarkable aptitude for photography and are perfectly capable of framing a portrait shot.

African ice core analysis reveals catastrophic droughts, shrinking ice fields, civilization shifts
A detailed analysis of six cores retrieved from the rapidly shrinking ice fields atop Tanzania's Mount Kilimanjaro shows that those tropical glaciers began to form about 11,700 years ago.

£100m a year could improve diabetes care
£100m a year could greatly improve diabetes care in England, and is less than 1% of planned increases in NHS spending, conclude researchers in this week's BMJ.

Trauma surgeon seeks change in law that discourages counseling of problem drinkers
Larry Gentilello, MD, believes we have an excellent system for trauma care in the US.

Lithium found to be a superconductor
Theorists may have to go back to the blackboard to explain what happens to compressed lithium under high pressure and low temperature conditions.

Researchers receive $6 million grant to establish health disparities center
The National Institute of Health's National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities gave researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Morgan State University a $6 million grant to establish a research center on health disparities.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
This tip sheet includes summaries about a potential treatment for patients with Hepatitis B, engineered bacteria that detect pollutants, and antibodies that treat severe E. coli infections.

OHSU chemoprotectant technology licensed for biotechnology development
Oregon Health & Science University announces licensing agreement linked to research into compounds that protect against hearing loss and other negative impacts associated with chemotherapy.

End of the debate for magnesium treatment after heart attack for high-risk patients?
An international trial published in this week's issue of The Lancet should end the debate about the use of intravenous magnesium for high-risk patients after heart attack--the investigators report no benefit for magnesium treatment compared with placebo.

Kilimanjaro glaciers continue to retreat; UMass geoscientists are part of a team unraveling why
University of Massachusetts Amherst geoscientists are among a team of researchers studying why the glaciers atop Mount Kilimanjaro are rapidly disappearing.

Bridge Medical white paper examines evidence of barcoding success in medical error prevention
Bridge Medical-a company that has been honored for its patient safety technology and educational initiatives- released a new white paper that offers promise of an affordable, east-to-affect remedy for medical errors.

A quick-change artist: Tiny protein folds faster than any other
The world speed record for protein folding apparently goes to an unusually tiny specimen that traces its origins to Gila monster spit.

Carbon trading, climate change, and the Kyoto protocol
As the next major meeting on global climate change opens in New Delhi next week, a potentially controversial report concludes that deals to counteract the carbon emissions of the smokestack industry could benefit more than the environment.

Consortium to enhance Big Ten university research and training reactors
Nuclear energy is not dead, and the near and long term future of the university research and training reactors received a boost when the U.S.

Galacter merger leaves behind telltale blue arc
Astronomers have identified the vivid scar of a cosmic catastrophe: a blue arc thousands of light years long produced when a galaxy pulled in a smaller satellite galaxy and tore it apart.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for October (second issue)
Newsworthy journal articles highlight research that shows the majority of a large survey population with asthma experienced moderate to severe persistant disease rather than mild illness, and the resulting impact on activity was substantial; the prophylactic administration of intravenous antibiotics for a short time significantly reduced infections in critically ill intensive care patients; and the use of secondary heating sources during winter can cause wheeze and cough in the first year of life.

Treating precancerous breast cells may prevent onset of cancer
Treating precancerous breast cells with chemopreventive agents, such as tamoxifen, limits the development of breast cancer in genetically predisposed women, according to a study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research's (AACR) annual Frontiers in Cancer Prevention meeting.

Should people with dementia be electronically tagged?
Using electronic tagging to safeguard older people who wander into danger is a complex dilemma of practical benefits versus ethical considerations.

Few lessons are learnt from NHS inquiries
When things go wrong in the NHS the official reaction is to set up an inquiry.

Texas chemist and educator receives award for fostering diversity
Chemist and educator Nancy Magnussen, Ph.D., of College Station, Texas, will be honored Nov.

Innovative process reduces energy consumption and improves product quality in the food industry
Consumers will eat better and will enjoy a healthier environment thanks to a new canning process for jars and cans.

Study holds promise for stroke, schizophrenia treatments
Researchers at the University of Toronto and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) have discovered a communication link between proteins in the brain that could lead to improved treatments for psychiatric disorders and stroke.

Wichita high school chemistry teacher wins regional award
Wichita high school chemistry teacher, Janice P. Crowley, wins regional award for outstanding high school chemistry teaching.

Disease-causing genetic mutations in sperm increase with men's age
Scientists from the McKusick-Nathans Institute for Genetic Medicine at Johns Hopkins may have discovered why a rare genetic disease is more common in children born to older fathers.

M.I.N.D. Institute study confirms autism increase
The unprecedented increase in autism in California is real and cannot be explained away by artificial factors, such as misclassification and criteria changes, according to the results of a large statewide epidemiological study.
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