Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 21, 2002
Despite lower CO2 emissions, diesel cars may promote more global warming than gasoline cars
Laws that favor the use of diesel, rather than gasoline, engines in cars may actually encourage global warming.

Smoking found to be an important risk factor for colorectal polyps
Stony Brook University researchers have identified smoking as a key risk factor for colorectal polyps.

New study documents burden of irritable bowel syndrome for U.S. sufferers
Results of a survey of patients with irritable bowel syndrome in the United States presented at the 67th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology reveal a substantial burden on patients, including decreased quality of life, high out-of-pocket costs, and losses in productivity among other findings.

Folding@home scientists report first distributed computing success
As you read this sentence, millions of personal computers around the world are working overtime - performing complex computations on their screensavers in the name of science.

UCSD cancer researchers develop new anti-leukemia strategy
Cancer researchers at UCSD have developed a 3-step process in which human leukemia cells and neighboring immune-system T cells are manipulated together in the laboratory to create a powerful and specific cancer-killing cocktail.

November media highlights - GSA Bulletin
The November issue of the GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN includes a number of potentially newsworthy items.

Stigma of breast cancer in developing countries costs lives
The stigma of breast cancer in developing countries, particularly in women living in poorer communities, is having a profound impact on treatment and survival.

MRI technique lets researchers directly compare monkey and human brains
Researchers have developed a new way to use a decade-old imaging method to directly compare the brains of monkeys with those of humans.

NSF grant for study of student underperformance
Steven Fein, professor of psychology at Williams College, along with Talia Ben-Zeev, former Williams College department colleague and current assistant professor at San Francisco State University, has been awarded a National Science Foundation grant of $240,455 to support their research concerning the underperformance of various groups of students on important, challenging academic tests such as the SAT.

Hope for patients with advanced bowel cancer
For patients with bowel cancer that has spread to other organs, despite treatment, there has been little hope until now.

Costs for surgical treatment of GERD not offset by savings on medications
A recent study presented at the 67th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology shows that although people with GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) experienced a 62 percent decline in the average number of days of acid reduction therapy after surgery, one-half of patients received at least one prescription for acid reduction therapy during the 18 months following surgery.

Can Alzheimer's disease be slowed by shunting cerebrospinal fluid?
In a first study of its kind, researchers tested the hypothesis that improving cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) turnover will slow or stop the progression of dementia in people with Alzheimer's disease.

Sandia pursues biotechnology as new technology focus area
Sandia National Laboratories is expanding its work in biotechnology - combining traditional inorganic sciences with biology - to push scientific discovery and development into such areas as the creation of new materials and to help in America's war on terrorism.

Swallowing a tiny imaging capsule aids in diagnosis of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding
The use of a small wireless capsule video device to detect bleeding in the small intestine is safe, well-tolerated, and more accurate than another common diagnostic approach according to a study presented at the 67th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology.

Dietary intake of vitamin E may reduce risk of Parkinson's disease
Previous research has implicated oxidative damage (cell degradation) in the development of Parkinson's disease.

Stronger 'buckle up' laws linked to increased seat belt use
Legislation that mandates seat belt use or gives more clout to existing laws can substantially improve both rates of use and attitudes toward use, a large-scale survey of European university students reveals.

First soybeans grown in space return to Earth
During a research mission that concluded with the return of Space Shuttle Atlantis Friday, soybean seeds planted and nurtured by DuPont scientists germinated, developed into plants, flowered, and produced new seedpods in space.

New treatment strategies offer hope to women with breast cancer
Early results of a trial comparing high-dose with conventional chemotherapy for women with breast cancer show that there are no apparent differences in survival, or in the rate of relapse, according to research conducted in the UK, Ireland, New Zealand, and Belgium.

Community anti-drug campaigns found ineffective
Broad community initiatives that use local coalitions to reduce alcohol and drug abuse are largely ineffective and may even have a negative effect for some goals, according to a new study of Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Fighting Back campaign.

Treating acid reflux reduces asthma symptoms and improves quality of life in patients with asthma
The daily use of medications to treat acid reflux, proton pump inhibitors (PPI), reduces asthma exacerbations and improves general well-being of asthma patients with symptoms of acid reflux.

Purdue veterinarian studies compulsive behavior in dogs
Dogs' quirky, unexplainable repetitive behaviors can be part of an anxiety condition known as canine compulsive disorder.

Family focus is hallmark of new South African grant
HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson today announced the award of a Comprehensive International Program of Research on AIDS (CIPRA) grant to researchers in South Africa.

GERD and other GI disorders may disrupt sleep
The results of two recent studies to be presented at the 67th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology suggest that people with GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) and other gastrointestinal disorders are more likely than others to report excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia, and poor sleep quality.

Transforming textbooks: AAAS and partners target K-12 science materials for improvement
Transforming K-12 science textbooks will be the focus of a new Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, announced today by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and its education reform initiative, Project 2061.

Fructose intolerance could be the culprit in unexplained abdominal pain and gas
Researchers at the University of Kansas Medical Center (Kansas City) urge physicians to consider adding fructose breath testing to their diagnostic strategy for patients with unexplained abdominal pain, gas, diarrhea, and intestinal rumbling or gurgling.

Fractals help UCLA researchers design antennas for new wireless devices
Antennas for the next generation of cellphones and other wireless communications devices may bear a striking resemblance to the Santa Monica Mountains or possibly the California coastline.

Radio-frequency ablation for treatment of cancer pain in bone
An international clinical study led by Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., showed that radio-frequency (RF) ablation significantly reduces pain and enhances quality of life for patients whose cancer has spread to the bone.

New screening method may speed hunt for disease-causing genes
Time and money spent in the quest for disease-causing genes may be drastically cut using a new identification method developed by Purdue University and University of Florida scientists.

New screening technique may speed hunt for genes
Scientists from the University of Florida and Purdue University report merging two established genetic-screening techniques to create one that's better.

November GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY media highlights
The Geological Society of America's November issue of GEOLOGY contains several potentially newsworthy items.

Screening the general population for colorectal cancer
Screening to detect cancer of the colon and rectum is one of the most important issues in oncology.

Bedwetting, bowel problems seen in children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder
Children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may also tend to struggle with bedwetting and other bowel and urinary tract problems, a UC Irvine College of Medicine study has found.

Visualising potential outcome of cancer treatment
A revolutionary new application of an imaging technique to predict the response to chemotherapy before treatment begins has shown promising preliminary results in mice.

A Magic Web: The Tropical Forest of Barro Colorado
The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) proudly presents A Magic Web: The Tropical Forest of Barro Colorado, published by Oxford University Press.

Researchers determine how 'hospital staph' resists antibiotics
X-ray crystallographic studies of a key enzyme have revealed how dangerous strains of the bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus, become resistant to antibiotics.

Energy density labels do not encourage overeating
Labels listing energy density - the number of calories per ounce - do not encourage overeating the way

New strategy may protect brain against stroke, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have developed several drug candidates that show promise in animal studies in protecting the brain against sudden damage from stroke, with the potential for fighting chronic neurodegenerative conditions like Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease.

Tokamak fusion test reactor removal successfully completed
One of the world's largest and most successful experimental fusion machines, the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor, has been safely disassembled and cleared away on schedule and under budget.
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