Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 22, 2002
$2 million federal grant to study cancer drug action
Gene Network Sciences a fledgling cancer-research company started by Cornell University graduate students and financed by Cornell business students, has been awarded a $2 million federal Advanced Technology Program grant to learn how pharmaceuticals work against parts of cancer cells.

UIC chemists identify compound that inhibits cell migration
A high-throughput assay developed at University of Illinois-Chicago has led to discovery of a small organic compound that shows ability to inhibit cell migration.

High school science teachers translate the latest research into classroom activities, lessons
As part of this project to bring the new field of nanoscience into the high school science curriculum, high school biology, chemistry, earth science, physics, and mathematics worked with Virginia Tech faculty members and graduate students on a project that is using new adaptations of the atomic force microscope to increase knowledge of microbe/mineral interactions important to groundwater research.

Georgia Tech physicist receives Materials Research Society award
A Georgia Institute of Technology physicist who used powerful computer simulations to predict how friction and lubrication would affect nanometer-scale mechanical systems is one of two scientists who will receive medals December 4 from the Materials Research Society (MRS).

UCLA geneticists find location of major gene in ADHD; targeted region also linked to autism
UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute researchers have localized a region on chromosome 16 that is likely to contain a risk gene for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, the most prevalent childhood-onset psychiatric disorder.

Hopkins to train Chinese researchers in genetics
Funded by a five-year, $2 million grant from the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Johns Hopkins will establish and conduct an international training program in genetics in conjunction with Peking Union Medical College and Peking University in Beijing, China.

New study shows weight loss decreases ACE enzyme that controls blood pressure
People who find it hard to lose all the weight they want or that their doctors recommend should take heart, a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill scientist says.

How you respond to high-fat diet is linked to genes
Maybe people who eat fatty foods without negative health consequences really haven't sold their souls to the devil.

Getting more mileage out of cord blood
Blood from human umbilical cords is rich in stem cells and decreases the risk of transplant rejection.

Novelty contact lenses offer great looks -- great risks
Physicians at Oregon Health & Science University's Casey Eye Institute issue an alert about the dangers of novelty contact lenses.

Rolex announces winners of international awards
Five scientists receive Rolex Awards for Enterprise on October 23:Gordon Sato, American biologist, whose agriculture innovations using mangroves helps Eritreans; Michel André, French biologist, whose innovative system prevents collisions between whales and ships; Dave Irvine-Halliday, Canadian electrical engineer, who brings light-emitting diodes to remote villages; José Márcio Ayres, Brazilian ecologist who is establishing the world's biggest rainforest corridor; Lindy Rodwell, South African zoologist, who preserves cranes and their habitats.

Schmoozing is good for the brain, U-M study suggests
Talking with friends helps keep the mind sharp, a University of Michigan study suggests.

Software-driven, 360-degree surveillance system ready for use at potential terror targets
Software developed by a Lehigh University engineering professor that provides round-the-clock, all-weather, 360-degree security surveillance is one step closer to being used at military bases, nuclear power plants and other potential targets of terrorism.

ACE linked to calcium growth on aortic valve
Future studies may find that ACE inhibitors, a class of drugs now taken by people with high blood pressure, could slow down or prevent the development of aortic valve calcium.

Internet access to nature sounds and bird videos
The contents of the world's largest collection of natural sound recordings, as well as videos of birds in their natural habitats, soon will be accessible to the general public via the Internet, thanks to a major gift to the Cornell Lab of Ornithology from EMC Corp.

UNC forms Conte Center for multidisciplinary schizophrenia research
The Department of Psychiatry at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has received a five-year grant of over $9.3 million to form a new Silvio O.

Rigorous, short-term diet-exercise program lowers heart disease risk
Obese men can significantly reduce heart disease risk on a three-week low-fat, high-fiber diet and daily exercise - even though they may lose only a few pounds, according to research in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Geneticists trace 'sticky' rice's origins
A study by two North Carolina State University geneticists traces the origin and evolution of a genetic mutation that long ago led to the creation of a type of rice known as glutinous, or

New map shows human 'footprint' covers most of the Earth
Human beings now directly influence more than three quarters of the earth's landmass, according to a state-of-the-art map of the world produced by a team of scientists from the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and Columbia University's Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN).

New findings reconfirm toxicity of Pfiesteria cultures
A team of experts has refuted previous findings published last summer stating that Pfiesteria is not toxic to fish or humans.

New spin-out company offers solution for chemicals industry problem
A new UK University 'spin-out' company is helping to solve a 20-year problem in the chemicals industry.

International scholars assess mysterious scroll found in mummy
During the second century B.C., a mummy-maker took a scroll of poetry and used it as stuffing for a corpse.

Virginia Bioinformatics Institute to decode 'plant devourer' genomes
Virginia Bioinformatics Institute will sequence the genomes of two Phytophthora species -- P. sojae, which causes over a billion dollars of losses to the worldwide soybean crop, and P. ramorum, which is responsible for a disease called Sudden Oak Death Syndrome that is destroying California's coast oak ecosystems, and threatens redwood and Douglas fir forests on the West coast, and red and pin oak forests in the East.

VHA to measure impact of Bridge barcode patient safety system
VHA Inc.--a cooperative representing 2200 health care organizations nationwide--has signed an agreement with Bridge Medical to conduct a research study on Bridge's barcode-enabled MedPointTM software system.

Prostate cancer program at UCLA's Jonsson Cancer Center designated a site of research excellence
The prostate cancer program at UCLA's Jonsson Cancer Center has been designated by the National Cancer Institute as a site of research excellence, making it one of a few institutions nationwide tapped to improve prevention, detection and treatment of a disease that will kill 30,000 American men this year.

Delay in diagnosis for AS patients can lead to permanent spinal damage
Although a majority (61%) of respondents with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) experience symptoms of AS by age 29, most have a delayed diagnosis, with many seeing multiple doctors in the process, according to a national survey of more than 2,000 AS patients commissioned by the Spondylitis Association of America (SAA).

Prototype developed for ultrasonic patch to deliver insulin
Penn State engineers have developed a prototype for an ultrasound insulin delivery system that is about the size and weight of a matchbook that can be worn as a patch on the body.

Different cholesterol predicts heart risk too, new target for drugs?
Non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) may help predict heart problems in people who have heart disease, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Ouch! The receptors mediating acidic pain sensation
Pain is the result of messages sent from pain sensors, nociceptors, to the brain.
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