Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 28, 2002
Flyby of Annefrank asteroid to help Stardust prepare for primary mission
It will be a moment tinged in history when the Stardust spacecraft flies by Asteroid 5535 Annefrank on Friday, testing many systems and procedures to be used in a comet enounter in a little more than a year.

Planting time for forest trees branches out to new seasons
Most foresters hold to the straight and narrow when it comes to planting pine trees: nursery seedlings go in the ground between Dec.

AIDS and cancer specimen bank at UCSF renamed and funded for five more years
The National Cancer Institute has funded for five additional years the AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource centered at UCSF.

Gravity waves analysis opens 'completely new sense'
LIGO, the gravity-wave observatory, has finally come on line, poised to capture the ripples in the fabric of space-time that speak of near-unimaginable cataclysm.

UCL and MIT team up for first human internet touch
UCL scientists will be teaming up with colleagues at MIT to pull off the first transatlantic handshake over the internet.

Physicist probes dark, violent side of the universe; studies highest energy photons
In place or soon to be: a remarkable set of complementary tools -- observational, experimental and computational -- for exploring violence in the universe.

Duke researchers report technique to make more-uniform 'buckytubes'
Duke University chemists report they have made a significant advance toward producing tiny hollow tubes of carbon atoms, called

Miami chemist and educator receives award for fostering diversity
Chemist Zaida C. Morales-Martinez, of Florida International University, will be honored Nov.

EXANTA (TM), an oral direct thrombin inhibitor, significantly reduces risk of VTE in major OS
17th International Congress on Thrombosis, Bologna, 26 October 2002: Important results from the EXPRESS clinical trial for the oral direct thrombin inhibitor (Oral DTI), EXANTAâ„¢ (oral ximelagatran and its active form, melagatran) show its superior efficacy in reducing risk of major venous thromboembolism (VTE), compared with a routinely used prophylactic treatment, enoxaparin, in major orthopaedic surgery.

Life-saving properties of beta blockers extend to more patients
Beta blocker drugs have now been shown to lengthen the lives of people at risk of sudden death due to irregular heart beats, according to a study published in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Pittsburgh researchers target genetic, environmental threats to maternal and fetal health
The Pittsburgh Development Center of the Magee-Womens Research Institute and four other Oakland-based health care and academic institutions will share a $5.9 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's Office of Research on Women's Health to study genetic and environmental causes of adverse pregnancy outcomes over five years.

Advanced sonar makes quick transition into Mine Reconnaissance System
The Office of Naval Research's Commercial Technology Transition Office made possible the transition of SAS - synthetic aperture sonar - into an unmanned undersea vehicle that will enable submarines to extend their mine reconnaissance reach.

Pituitary tumor cells in Cushing's syndrome found to express large amounts of protein receptor
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center have found that pituitary tumors express an abundance of a specific protein receptor and report that treatment with a common diabetes drug was effective in shrinking tumor size and reducing hormone production in Cushing's pituitary tumors in mice.

Energized 'heartbeats' may explain why galaxies are continually stirred up, UCSD researchers say
Until now, astronomers haven't been able to offer a full explanation for why the Milky Way and other galaxies produce new stars at a relative snail's pace.

Rutgers study shows learning ability under stress still strong in Prozac-treated females
The drug Prozac protects a female's learning abilities after a stressful or traumatic event, according to a new research study conducted at Rutgers.

New approach for studying traumatic injury
In the first national effort of its kind, researchers around the country are collaborating to study the body's response to critical illness and traumatic injuries such as motor vehicle accidents, gunshot wounds and burns.

Slaves' families overcame wealth disparities within two generations, study shows
The economic disparities slavery created between free blacks and slaves largely dissipated within two generations after emancipation, according to a new study by Dartmouth economist Bruce Sacerdote.

DuPont part of science-based consortium receiving U.S. Dept. of Energy 'Bio-Refinery' grant
DuPont is part of a science-based consortium that will receive $19 million in matching funds from the U.S.

Ceremonial burial at moon pyramid shows Teotihuacan rulers had Mayan connection
A major new discovery is emerging from an ongoing excavation at the Pyramid of the Moon in the Mesoamerican ruin of Teotihuacan, the Western Hemisphere's first metropolis.

New nanoparticle coating mimics dolphin skin
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis are seeking to splice RNA-docking molecules to a novel breed of nanoparticles -- specially structured

Chromatin, not proteins, support chromosomes during cell division
Research at University of Illinois-Chicago shows chromatin, not proteins, support mitotic chromosomes

MIT, London team reports first transatlantic touch
In a milestone that conjures up the refrain to a Paul McCartney song, researchers at MIT and University College London have linked

New hope for vaccine to fight rheumatoid arthritis, other autoimmune diseases
Promising animal test results that could lead to a vaccine to fight rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis (MS) and other autoimmune diseases were announced by researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology.

A psychoanalytic hypothesis concerning the therapeutic action of SSRI medications
Psychoanalysts are said to listen to their patients as no other students of mind/brain, yet have offered no interpretation of the therapeutic benefits of highly effective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications.

Kingsport, Tenn., researcher receives award for pharmaceutical research
Chemist Neil W. Boaz, Ph.D., of Eastman Chemical Company in Kingsport, Tenn., will be honored Nov.

Even in middle age, cutting calories slows aging of the heart
To remain young at heart, eat less. That, in short, is the message drawn from research published today, Oct.

Periodontal examinations could save lives
Clinicians from the University at Buffalo may have saved a 48-year-old man from an unexpected stroke or heart attack by examining and diagnosing a malignant lesion on his gums.

A nicotine by-product reacts with proteins, say scientists at TSRI
Two researchers at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered more bad news for those who use tobacco products.

Earth science web site: A new tool for deaf students (and others)
An online library of Earth-system science resources could help upgrade science education for deaf students and keep them interested, says Jennifer Mangan, a researcher involved with the project.

University of Pittsburgh reports effects of multiple concussions in high school athletes
A high school athlete with a history of three or more concussions who sustains a new concussion may be up to nine times more likely to experience common symptoms compared to high school athletes with no history of concussion, according to a University of Pittsburgh study, published in the November issue of the journal Neurosurgery.

HHS awards University of Wisconsin $55.8 million to fight asthma in inner-city children
HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson today announced that the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) has awarded a six-year, $55.8 million contract to the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

Computer model suggests future crop loss due to potential increase in extreme rain events
An increased frequency of extreme precipitation events has been observed over the last 100 years in the United States.
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