Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 04, 2002
Guidelines issued for metabolic complications related to HIV & antiretrovirals
The first comprehensive recommendations for assessing, monitoring and treating metabolic complications such as insulin resistance and abnormal body fat distribution that are occurring in association with HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy have been issued by an International AIDS Society-USA (IAS-USA) volunteer panel.

Anti-depressant bupropion may alleviate negative mood associated with quitting smoking
Researchers have found that the anti-depressant bupropion may help people stop smoking by alleviating negative moods during nicotine withdrawal.

Scripps Research Institute group designs DNA vaccine that inhibits growth of cancerous tumors
A group of researchers at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a novel DNA vaccine that helps the body resist the growth of cancerous tumors by choking off the tumors' blood supply.

Researchers identify decision-making area of the brain
New research from investigators in the Centre for Neuroscience Studies at Queen's University and the Centre for Brain and Mind at The University of Western Ontario has provided the first neuro-imaging evidence that the brain's frontal lobes play a critical role in planning and choosing actions.

Two languages in one child's brain - When is bilingual language learning best
A Dartmouth research team has determined that bilingual children exposed to two languages early in life are not language delayed, nor are they language confused, which fuels the scientific and political debate over when to introduce children to a second language.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, November 5, 2002
Highlights include the following articles: Some emergency room patients do well when care is postponed one day, Additional drug may alleviate arthritis pain when usual drug doesn't work, and Drugs to prevent recurrence of M. avium in HIV Patients can be discontinued if ongoing HAART is successful.

Bread crust and stuffing rich in healthy antioxidants
The best thing since sliced bread may be bread crust: Researchers in Germany have discovered that the crust is a rich source of antioxidants and may provide a much stronger health benefit than the rest of the bread.

NSF recognized for e-government success at ceremony
The National Science Foundation (NSF) was recognized as a 2002 E-Government Performance Leader at an awards ceremony October 30 hosted by a coalition of private-sector good-government groups led by the Performance Institute.

What does one inherit: depression or temperament?
A genetic analysis of dimensions of temperament and depression in 201 pairs of twins conducted by researchers in Japan revealed that each dimension of temperament is genetically dependent.

A genetic basis for aggression and anger
New animal and human data is emerging on the genetics of anger and aggression.

New technique lets doctors examine milk ducts for breast problems
A new technique enables doctors to directly examine the lining of milk ducts in the breast for early signs of cancer and other abnormalities, according to research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Teamwork in the intestine: Gut bacteria interact with intestine to regulate blood supply
Bacteria aren't always bad. In fact, they can be extremely helpful partners.

Ceramic hip implants provide alternative for younger patients
Indiana resident Luke Pascale runs two pizza restaurants and had worked out three times a week.

UCSF celebrates opening of new vascular research laboratory
The UCSF division of vascular surgery, along with the UCSF division of biomedical sciences and the Cardiovascular Research Institute, is sponsoring a symposium to celebrate the opening of the Pacific Vascular Research Laboratory.

A newly identified learning and memory area in the human brain
The marginal division (MrD) is a newly identified area at the border of the neostriatum in rats', cats' and monkeys' brains.

Special supplement to Journal of Clinical Pharmacology features latest NIDA research on marijuana
The November issue of the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology will feature a special supplement on the clinical consequences of marijuana use.

Firefly light illuminates course of herpes infection in mice
Researchers are using a herpes virus that produces a firefly enzyme to illuminate the virus's course of infection in mice and to help monitor the infection's response to therapy.

Engineers create simple method for analyzing car designs
Mechanical engineers at Purdue University have discovered a simple and speedy method for pinpointing and fixing design flaws in new cars.

Computers prove to greatly reduce prescription errors
Prescriptions written on a computer are three times more accurate than those handwritten, according to a study by Oregon Health & Science University.

Favorable outcomes linked to treatment compliance
A study assessing patient outcomes following treatment for cocaine dependence found that long-term outcome was related to the severity of their drug problem and to their compliance with treatment regimens.

Early sexual development, childhood obesity link is opposite for boys and girls, UIC study says
A new analysis of a major study of childhood nutrition shows that early sexually-maturing girls are more likely than other girls to be obese while in boys early developers are less likely to be obese than other males.

Brain differences in sheep linked to sexual partner preference
OHSU researchers have found a link between brain physiology and sex partner preference.The research was conducted in rams because the animals display distinct, natural variations in sexual attraction, making them valuable in studying the biological basis for sexual partner preference.

Boom time for share buybacks
The phenomenon of UK companies buying back their own shares has exploded in the last five years.

Changes in treatment of child abuse and neglect cases improve police attitudes
Transferring responsibility for investigating reports of child maltreatment from child-welfare agencies to sheriffs' offices in Florida led to an improvement in attitudes among law-enforcement officers and caseworkers.

Scientists say NOW is the time to stop smoking
Scientists say, after review of the literature, that because evidence-based assistance to battle nicotine dependence is at all-time, high, there has been no beter time than the present to stop smoking.

The eyes have it: Study shows infants more tuned into wider world than previously believed
Adults often believe infants are off in their own world, but a new study indicates they are more tuned into the wider world and what people around them are doing than previously thought.

Residential addiction treatment demonstrates economic benefits
A study in Washington State found that benefits of residential drug abuse treatment far exceed its costs.

Lifetime risk for heart failure: one in five
A person age 40 or older has a one-in-five chance of developing congestive heart failure, according to a study in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers close in on natural solution to PCB contamination
A research team has identified one of the key stumbling blocks that prevent microorganisms from decomposing PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls).

Media invitation: The Movement Disorder Society's 7th International Congress
Members of the media are invited to attend the 7th International Congress of Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders, November 10-14 in Miami, Florida, USA.

Science picks--leads, feeds and story seeds (November 2002)
Looking for hot science stories? This monthly compendium of USGS science information can help you cover the ongoing earth and natural science research and investigations at USGS.

Potential new treatment for Gaucher disease developed by scientists at Scripps Research Institute
A group of scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a compound that could potentially be used as a new treatment for Gaucher disease, the most common genetic disorder affecting Jewish people of Eastern European ancestry.

Stomach-dwelling H. pylori bacterium reveals its age
Only 20 years ago scientists first identified the bacterium Helicobacter pylori in the stomach, but it is has been on the planet far longer.

New research program in health, environment and economic development
The Fogarty International Center of the NIH announces a new research program to support international collaborations to study the relationships between health, environment, and economic development.

Cocaine use may cause increase in coronary calcium, an indicator of atherosclerosis
Researchers have found a significant association between cocaine use and the presence of calicium in the coronary arteries. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to