Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 06, 2002
November Shuttle mission kicks off 3rd year of Space Station science, to deliver 3rd truss
Next week, Space Shuttle Endeavour will deliver to the International Space Station (ISS) the third piece of the Station's exterior truss backbone, and kick off the third year of science inside the orbiting laboratory by bringing up a new load of scientific experiments.

Aspirin inhibits ovarian cancer growth, lab study finds
Aspirin may inhibit ovarian tumor growth, according to a new laboratory study by the University of South Florida College of Medicine.

Science, location and luck minimized Alaska's earthquake damage
The remote location of the M7.9 event played a role in ensuring that the earthquake was not more devastating.

Plasma Sciences Expo and Science Teachers' Day in Orlando
About 1,500 students and more than 80 teachers from the Orlando area are expected at the 2002 Plasma Sciences Expo and Science Teachers' Day at the Rosen Centre Hotel the week of November 10th.

OHSU researcher presents findings on appetite-reducing hormone at neuroscience meeting
An Oregon Health & Science University researcher presents information about a appetite-reducing hormone at a national neuroscience meeting.The hormone called PYY, is found in the gut and has been shown in humans and animals to temporarily reduce food intake.

Treatment helped reduce dose of inhaled corticosteroids while maintaining asthma control
An asthma treatment that contains both an inhaled long-acting bronchodilator and an inhaled corticosteroid was as effective at providing overall asthma control as more than double the dose of the inhaled corticosteroid alone, according to a study presented today at CHEST 2002, the annual scientific meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians.

Mole-rat Methuselahs push evolutionary theory of aging
The extreme longevity of naked mole-rats, the oldest known rodents in captivity, is said to confirm the evolutionary theory of senescence.

Scientific task force to examine usefulness of testosterone replacement therapy in older men
A multi-disciplinary task force, led by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and supported by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), will evaluate the pros and cons of conducting clinical trials of testosterone replacement therapy in older men.

AIDS/syringe exchange study
Drug users with access to controversial syringe-exchange programs are up to six times less likely to put themselves at risk of HIV infection, according to a new UC Davis study.

New science-based companies succeed even in weak economy, C&EN reports
Innovation, strong leadership and risk taking, are making some new companies more competitive with more established firms in today's less than ideal economy, according to a cover story in the current issue of Chemical & Engineering News.

Scripps research gives tiny phytoplankton a large role in Earth's climate system
The ecological importance of phytoplankton, microscopic plants that free-float through the world's oceans, is well known.

Rutgers anthropologist, Fossey Fund official, announces plan to save Rwanda's mountain gorillas
Rutgers anthropology Professor H. Dieter Steklis, chief scientist and vice president of the Dian Fossey Fund International, has announced the fund's action plan to halt a recent poaching spree that has left six mountain gorillas dead in Rwanda.

Physics News Update 612
Individual DNA base pairs have been monitored in real time; Noise can improve human balance control, to the point that it may enable elderly subjects to steady themselves as well as their young counterparts; scientists have worked out the structure for so-called very high density amorphous ice (VHDA).

School of public health launches CDC Center for Excellence in Environmental Public Health Tracking
The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health will establish a National Center of Excellence in Environmental Public Health Tracking with funding from the CDC.

Keeping information secure with noisy light
Northwestern University researchers have demonstrated a new high-speed quantum cryptography method that uses the properties of light to encrypt information into a form of code that can only be cracked by violating the physical laws of nature.

NIAID releases 20th anniversary edition of Jordan Report on vaccine research
Vaccines have become an increasingly important medical tool against a variety of public health problems, both in the United States and abroad.

Simple, easy acts in pregnancy and childbirth might protect against incontinence
U-M researchers are looking at the effectiveness of simple, free activities during pregnancy and childbirth to prevent midlife urinary incontinence.

UW-Madison researchers identify key to cancer cell mobility
In the race to cure cancer, researchers look for roadblocks that could stop cancer in its tracks, preventing it from spreading to other parts of the body.

Expecting a laugh boosts stress-busting hormones
Go ahead, laugh. In fact, look forward to the upcoming positive event.

Prenatal stem cell transplants may open door to organ transplants, treating genetic diseases
In a finding that could open the door to future treatments for many genetic diseases such as sickle cell anemia and muscular dystrophy, researchers have produced high levels of transplanted, healthy stem cells in mice, while sharply reducing a hazardous side effect of cell and organ transplants called graft-versus-host disease.

Ocean temperatures affect intensity of the South Asian monsoon and rainfall
Warmer or colder sea surface temperatures (SST) may affect one of the world's key large-scale atmospheric circulations that regulate the intensity and breaking of rainfall associated with the South Asian and Australian monsoons, according to new research from NASA.

Jefferson surgeons turning to light therapy for advanced lung cancer
Surgeons at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia are finding success by combining light-based cancer therapy with surgery to treat patients with advanced lung cancer that has spread within the chest.

Asthma severity is variable and unpredictable
New analysis reveals that patients frequently move between severity categories;

Cholesterol drug could lead to new therapy for multiple sclerosis
While cautioning that their findings still must be evaluated in humans, University of California, San Francisco and Stanford University Medical Center researchers report that the cholesterol-lowering drug atorvastatin (Lipitor) significantly improved, prevented relapses or reversed paralysis in mice with an experimental disease that closely resembles multiple sclerosis.

Concerns raised over safety criteria for blast resistance
Buildings built according to federal design criteria to be able to withstand earthquakes may not be able to survive the effects of explosions from bombs small enough to be carried by a terrorist, Penn State Protective Technology Center (PTC) researchers have found.

Genes, neurons, and the Internet found to have some identical organizing principles
How do 30,000 genes in our DNA work together to form a large part of who we are?

Exercise shown to have positive effect on cholesterol
For the first time, Duke University Medical Center researchers have demonstrated that exercise -- without accompanying weight loss -- has a positive impact on improving cholesterol levels.

A pathway towards cures for Parkinson's and cancer
Researchers studying the Hedgehog signaling pathway have identified small molecules that could form the foundations of exciting new treatments for Parkinson's disease and certain cancers.

Mimicking brain's 'all clear' quells fear in rats
Researchers have detected the brain's equivalent of an

New data examines effect of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on survival in patients with COPD
The findings of a retrospective database study examining the effect of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on survival in COPD patients1 were presented today at the American College of Chest Physicians CHEST 2002 Annual Conference in San Diego.

Aging lowers activity in brain's language areas; performance unaffected
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of the brain show that despite the decrease in brain activity that naturally occurs in aging, particularly in the language areas of the left frontal lobe, some types of language processing may be performed more efficiently in older individuals.

USF headache specialist writes Q&A book in Spanish
For Spanish speakers worldwide, a new book

New book from Rocky Mountain Institute foretells revolution in electric power industry
World-renowned energy efficiency expert Amory Lovins has released the definitive book on a new trend in the electrical generation industry.

Scientists use microscope to view magnetism at atomic level
Scientists and engineers build the transistors that run electronic devices based on the moving electric charges of electrons.

AAAS urges opposition to 'intelligent design theory' within U.S. science classes
The world's largest general scientific organization--the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)--today urged policymakers to oppose teaching
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