Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 12, 2002
Growth hormone, sex steroid combination 'not ready for prime time'
In the first study of the separate and combined effects of growth hormone and sex steroids in healthy older men and women, investigators found that growth hormone replacement substantially increased lean body mass and decreased fat mass in both sexes.

New study provides molecular-level understanding of common anti-malarial drugs
The study by researchers at TransForm Pharmaceuticals and The Weizmann Institute can be applied to further discovery and design of research that may overcome the problem of drug resistance that has developed to the Malaria parasite.

New UF study ranks states' access to sex offender information
Arguments scheduled Wednesday before the U.S. Supreme Court in cases that challenge how Alaska and Connecticut post sex offender information on the Internet might eventually determine public access to similar information in most states, according to new findings compiled by University of Florida researchers.

UT Southwestern scientists discover link between infections in mothers and brain injuries in babies
Scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have unraveled a mysterious connection - a potential mechanism that links brain injuries in infants to an infection in the mother's placenta.

Imaging study provides new information on how the brain processes sounds of different tones
Researchers use Function Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to study the perception of the complex acoustic conditions.

Algorithm predicts interactions between proteins whose structures are unsolved
A promising new algorithm that can predict interactions between proteins whose structures are unsolved has been developed by Jeffrey Skolnick, Ph.D., University at Buffalo Distinguished Professor and director of the Center of Excellence in Bioinformatics.

Gene increases schizophrenia risk, says study
Scientists at U of T have discovered the first

Physicists puzzle over unexpected findings in 'little' big bang
Scientists have recreated a temperature not seen since the first microsecond of the birth of the universe and found that the event did not unfold quite the way they expected.

Study suggests that tomboys may be born, not made
Levels of testosterone during pregnancy appear to influence the gender-role behavior of preschool girls, according to a new study.

Twins' distress differs by relationships with parents, others
Teen-age identical twins who are more religious and have closer relationships with their mothers and teachers are less likely to feel emotional distressed than their twin sibling, according to new research.

Focusing on preservatives: How they keep food fresh
Everyone has heard about food preservatives, but how do they work?

New study ranks UCSD research 4th in nation
The University of California, San Diego was ranked 4th in the nation in a recent report examining the impact of research at the country's top research universities.

Air pollution linked to increased medical care and costs for elderly
A new study of elderly Americans shows a strong link between air pollution and higher costs of medical care, both inpatient and outpatient, and especially for respiratory ailments.

Study offers first glimpse of how income affects pre-schoolers' cognitive abilities and behavior
A new study by NYU sociologist W. Jean Yeung and two colleagues from Columbia University -- Miriam R.

$3.2 million project to document dioxin levels in Houston ship channel
A major scientific study under way in Texas may help clarify how toxic chemicals are transported through the environment.

Square Kilometer Array gets NSF design grant
The National Science Foundation has awarded $1.5 million over three years to help support early development of the $1 billion Square Kilometer Array radio telescope by a Cornell University-led U.S. consortium of 10 universities and institutions.

Preschoolers' thinking, behavior influenced by family income
Programs that promote family literacy, reduce parental stress, improve parenting and provide affordable, high-quality child care could go a long way toward improving young children's development, suggests recent research.

Insurance coverage for smoking cessation not always effective
Just because a health plan will pay for smokers to try to quit doesn't mean they will, results of a new study suggest.

Training improves cognitive abilities of older adults
Training sessions for 2 hours a week for 5 weeks improved the memory, concentration and problem solving skills of healthy independent adults 65 years and older who participated in the nation's largest study of cognitive training.

Pacific Ocean temperature changes point to natural climate variability
Analysis of long-term changes in Pacific Ocean temperatures may provide additional data with which to evaluate global warming hypotheses.

Geologists' model reveals foundation flaws in bedrock under new urban centers
Before developers decide to make the desert bloom, they better take a look at what's under the surface of the Earth.

Mayo Clinic physicians look for cause of 'hot tub lung'
As the number of hot tubs in the United States continues to grow, physicians are likely to see an increase in

Pain may come with gain in childhood exercise
The phrase

Health care disparities affect elderly across ethnic lines
New research shows that racial disparities in health care already observed between elderly blacks and whites also extend to the elderly in other ethnic groups.

Gift creates KSU Human Origins Study Institute
Kent State University will establish a unique, interdisciplinary institute dedicated to the study of how and why the human species emerged during the last seven million years.

Rutgers-led consortium awarded $6.5 million by NIH for genomic research
The National Institute of General Medical Sciences, a unit of the NIH, through its Protein Structures Initiative has awarded more than $6.5 million to a Rutgers-led collaborative research partnership - the Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium.

Alberta Research Council reaches major milestone in development of micro fuel cell technology
A first in Canada, the Alberta Research Council (ARC) reached a milestone in the technical development of its own version of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology.

Crops society announces Pioneer Fellowship in Plant Sciences
A fellowship to encourage graduate study in plant sciences, with emphasis on plant breeding and genetics, has been announced by the Crop Science Society of America (CSSA) at its Annual Meetings in Indianapolis, IN.

Study concludes no difference between ionized bracelet and placebo for musculoskeletal pain relief
Researchers from Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., report wearing ionized bracelets for the treatment of muscle and joint pain was no more effective than wearing placebo bracelets in the November 2002 issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

T cell clones shrink melanoma tumors
Dr. Cassian Yee, a Fred Hutchinson researcher, used cloned T cells to stop tumor progression or shrink tumors for people diagnosed with advanced melanoma.

Natural or synthetic secretin does not reduce symptoms of autism, study shows
Secretin, touted as a possible cure for autism just three ago, is not a magic bullet that relieves the symptoms of the developmental disorder, report researchers at the University of Washington and the University of Colorado Health Sciences center after the largest and most-comprehensive trials of the hormone yet conducted.

People who give, live longer: U-M study shows
For older adults, it really is better to give than to receive, a University of Michigan study suggests.

NIH funds new AIDS drug discovery research with $4.6 million
The National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), a unit of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has awarded a grant of more than $4.6 million to fund four interrelated research projects centered at Rutgers University.
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