Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 14, 2002
K-State microbiologist secret agent in battle against E. coli, other foodborne pathogens
Kansas State University food scientist Daniel Y.C. Fung is evaluating a new instrument for processing food samples for microbiological analysis.

Media alert: press briefings and special sessions at the GSA's Annual Meeting
The Gerontological Society of America will hold its 2002 Annual Meeting in Boston, November 22-26.

U-M researcher calls for new approach to biological disarmament
Just as nuclear war was seen as the major international threat of the 1950s, biological warfare looms over the 21st century.

Screening men for aortic aneurysms justified
UK Authors of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet provide compelling evidence that screening men over 65 years of age could substantially reduce death from ruptured aortic aneurysms.

Study examines how women recover from addiction
Women who recover from drug and alcohol addiction may not kick the habit just for their children or because they have a

Making therapeutic kitchens more like home aids Alzheimer's patients
A well-designed kitchen may be the key to entertaining party guests, but a University of Florida researcher has found it's even more important for another group of people: those with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia.

Suicide risk persists many years after attempted suicide
The risk of suicide for people with a history of attempted suicide or deliberate self harm (parasuicide) persists without decline for two decades, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Obese women have thicker carotid artery walls, higher stroke risk
Obesity in middle-aged women is independently associated with premature thickening of the carotid arteries, a sign of impending heart disease, researchers report in today's rapid access issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Scientists discover ancient protein and DNA sequences in the same fossil
In a major scientific breakthrough that could ultimately lead to changed perceptions of evolutionary theory, researchers at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, with collaborators at the University of Oxford, Harvard University, and Michigan State University, have uncovered two genetically informative molecules from a single fossil bone.

Screening children for speech problems is ineffective
Both parental concerns and screening for speech and language problems fail to identify many preschool children needing therapy, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Human cytomegalovirus may be involved in colorectal cancer
Preliminary findings of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet suggest that a common human virus may play a part in the cellular processes involved in the development of colorectal cancer.

Penn professor examines the challenges of multicultural citizenship in England
Kathleen Hall, an anthropologist and associate professor in the University of Pennsylvania's Graduate School of Education, explores how Britain has responded to the challenges of immigration in her book,

EliTE-Symphony study recruitment begins
Senior trial investigators today announced that the first person is about to be recruited into the EliTE* (Efficacy Limiting Toxicity Elimination)-Symphony Study, the largest renal transplantation trial ever to be conducted.

Telerobotic equipment aids in cleanup activities
Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are developing robotics technology that can aid in the cleanup of hazardous waste sites while helping to protect humans from serious injury in the process.

Smallpox outbreak response: Targeted vaccination may be almost as effective as mass vaccination
Vaccinating those people in close contact with smallpox victims may be almost as effective as vaccinating the entire population, in the event of an outbreak, scientists have found.

Targeted smallpox vaccinations could be effective intervention against deliberate attack
Targeted vaccination of the close contacts of infected individuals following a smallpox outbreak could rival the effectiveness of mass vaccination, given a sufficiently high level of immunity within the population, according to a new study by biostatisticians at Emory University.

Has drug regulation abandoned its public health mission?
Over the past 20 years, the pharmaceutical industry has skilfully managed to achieve an unhealthy influence over drug regulatory agencies, which may be threatening the public health needs of the European Union, according to an article in this week's BMJ.

UCI receives $2.6 million grant to study chemistry of water-air interaction
A team of UC Irvine scientists has received a $2.6 million National Science Foundation grant to study the chemical reactions occurring between air and water surfaces, such as those of oceans.

Older moms ambivalent about underachieving chidren
More than half of older mothers become more ambivalent toward their grown children, reports Cornell University's Karl Pillemer, especially children who never completed college, aren't married and need financial support and have the most conflicts with daughters.

Doctors have trouble talking to patients about psychotic symptoms
Doctors have trouble talking to patients about psychotic symptoms, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

UCL scientists create first earthquakes in the laboratory
Scientists at UCL have recreated earthquakes in the laboratory for the first time allowing them to better understand the origin of the largest and most violent earthquakes.

'Laboratories on a chip' get super-small, super-smart plumbing
University of Rochester researchers are working on a new way to move and distribute microscopic amounts of fluid around a chip, essentially mimicking the work of scientists testing dozens of samples in a laboratory.

Molecular film on liquid mercury reveals new properties
A team of scientists has grown ultrathin films made of organic molecules on the surface of liquid mercury.

Exploring the relationship between alcoholism and serotonin one step at a time
Previous research has shown that alcoholics have altered and/or injured serotonin systems.

Moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy is risky too
Many people recognize the dangers of binge and heavy consumption of alcohol during pregnancy.

Comparing screening instruments for alcohol dependence and abuse
The usefulness of many screening instruments for alcohol-use disorders may be limited to certain populations.

Penn social work professor given award for pioneering work in adoption
Hailed as one of the foremost leaders in adoption today by the Child Welfare League of America, Carol Wilson Spigner has been given the organization's Pioneer in Adoption award.

U.Va. team identifies gene that could halt spread of cancer
A gene may be responsible for halting the spread of cancer through the body, according to scientists at the University of Virginia Health System.

Using their heads
Soccer is the most popular team sport in the world, boasting more than 200 million players who avidly chase, kick and

Teen-age girls, depression, alcoholism, and brain activity
Many patients diagnosed with depression have abnormalities in brain electrical activity.

Scientists discover role for Cdk4 in making cells cancer resistant
A report published in the November 15th issue of Genes & Development details a requirement for cyclin dependent kinase 4 (Cdk4) gene expression in Ras-induced oncogenesis -- highlighting Cdk4 suppression as a potential therapeutic tool to combat the ~30% of human tumors in which the Ras oncogene is activated.

UT Southwestern researcher honored as winner of AstraZeneca Excellence in Chemistry Award
Other researchers have called his discovery good detective work. Dr.

Ozone produced by antibodies during bacterial killing and in inflammation
Professor Richard A. Lerner, M.D., Associate Professor Paul Wentworth, Jr., Ph.D., and a team of investigators at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) is reporting that antibodies can destroy bacteria, playing a hitherto unknown role in immune protection.

Researchers create new monitoring device
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon's microelectrical mechanical (MEMS) lab have received an initial $190,000 grant from the U.S.

Pharmaceutical industry still failing health needs of less-developed countries
The third article about the role of the pharmaceutical industry in medicine--The Pharmaceutical Industry as a Medicines Provider--is published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

University of Pittsburgh findings published in Science illustrate how KSHV causes cancer
In the current issue of Science, researchers from the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute illustrate how Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, or KSHV, has evolved to inhibit the body's immune response and make use of tumor suppressor pathways to cause cancer cells to grow.

Scientists identify gene that controls sex drive in male flies
A team of research scientists has identified a gene, called takeout, that may help provide a genetic basis for the old adage

Using computers, scientists successfully predict evolution of E. coli bacteria
For more than a decade, researchers have been trying to create accurate computer models of Escherichia coli (E. coli), a bacterium that makes headlines for its varied roles in food poisoning, drug manufacture and biological research.

Screening for aortic aneurysms is cost effective
Routine screening for aortic aneurysms in older men is cost effective, according to a study in this week's BMJ.

Bacteria can't do their thing if they don't have cling
Clingy bacteria often spell trouble. Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

NASA satellite flies high to monitor sun's influence on ozone
In October, the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) completed the first measurement of the solar ultraviolet radiation spectrum over the duration of an 11 year solar cycle, a period marked by cyclical shifts in the Sun's activity.
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