Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 18, 2002
Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet Nov. 19, 2002
Highlights include: AAFP and ACP-ASIM guidelines show how migraines should be treated - and can be prevented, Women over age 75 benefit from mammography, Post menopausal hormones + alcohol substantially increase risk of breast cancer, and more.

Protecting babies from RSV could reduce the chances of wheeze and asthma during childhood
Researchers from Imperial College London and St Mary's NHS Trust have discovered that keeping people with coughs and sneezes away from young babies may cut the likelihood of developing wheeze or asthma later in childhood.

The hidden Irish in multi-ethnic Britain
Assumptions that British-born second generation Irish people simply assimilate into the 'white' majority are a myth, according to new ESRC-funded research.

Nation's two largest medical specialty groups issue migraine treatment guidelines
Migraine headaches can be successfully treated and in many cases prevented, say new joint clinical guidelines from the nation's two largest groups of primary care physicians.

Trial opens new possibilities for improving survival with a novel heart attack drug
While the results of a new trial showed that a novel drug intended to reduce the extent of cell death after heart attack did not do so, the surprising finding that it reduced the death rate in patients who received angioplasties opens an intriguing new line of investigation, according to Duke University Medical Center researchers.

Blood proteins tied to inflammation
A Johns Hopkins-led study shows that two proteins, C-reactive protein and albumin, are accurate predictors of heart attack or stroke in kidney dialysis patients.

Starting beta-blocker before discharge in patients hospitalized for heart failure increases usage
Initiating low-dose beta-blockers prior to discharge in heart failure patients hospitalized for worsening symptoms significantly improves the use of a drug that has been shown in previous studies to reduce death and morbidity by more than 35 percent.

Bone marrow cell transplant treats clogged leg arteries
Bone marrow cells implanted into blood-starved (ischemic) legs formed new blood vessels, increased blood flow and prevented amputation in people with peripheral artery disease.

Metal baseball bats outperformed wooden bats in Brown study
Metal bats consistently outperformed wooden bats in an analysis of 502 hits off 19 baseball players at the professional minor league, collegiate, and high school level.

Hearing loss & rehab, stroke & depression among topics of Vol. 39, Iss 5, JRRD
The current issue of the Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development includes eight manuscripts on an array of rehabilitation areas including hearing loss and rehabilitation, stroke and depression, and prosthetic prescription aids.

Totality of evidence shows aspirin reduces risk of a first heart attack by one-third
Aspirin conclusively reduces the risk of a first heart attack by 32%, according to a new report by researchers at Mount Sinai Medical Center & Miami Heart Institute.

Silicon transistors will encounter pressure from nanoelectronics
The future of nanoelectronics looks promising. Built with nanotubes and various self-assembling molecular structures, this technology may revolutionize the electronic world by replacing the silicon transistor in approximately ten years.

New buzz on coffee: It's not the caffeine that raises blood pressure
People who enjoy the occasional decaf latte may be getting more of a lift than they know, scientists report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Scientists identify 'master' molecule that controls action of many genes
UCSF-led scientists have identified the first

Scientists find insects can alter plant chemistry to help them find mates
Each spring, amid the decaying rubble of dead prairie plants, emerging male gall wasps find mates by calling upon the chemistry prowess of their predecessors, entomologists scouring Central Illinois have discovered.

UCLA professors James Heath, Gary Small named to Scientific American's list of 50 'visionaries'
UCLA Professor James R. Heath (chemistry) and Gary W. Small (medicine) have been named members of the

DuPont Chief Science and Technology Officer to address summit during Asia Pacific trip
DuPont Chief Science and Technology Officer Dr. Thomas M. Connelly will address more than 1,200 leaders at the Japanese government-sponsored

Remote data processing makes tele-immersion system first 'network computer'
When they make their first public demonstration of tele-immersion at this week's Super Computing 2002 conference in Baltimore, computer scientists will also attain another first: a

Life expectancy following diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease depends on age at diagnosis
A new study finds that the life span of people with Alzheimer's disease depends greatly on the age of the person when Alzheimer's disease is diagnosed.

UGA Center for International Trade and Security receives more than $3 million for WMD research
The Center for International Trade and Security (CITS) at the University of Georgia recently received more than $3 million in new grants and contracts for research on issues surrounding weapons of mass destruction.

New guidelines focus on fish, fish oil, omega-3 fatty acids
Healthy people should eat omega-3 fatty acids from fish and plant sources to protect their hearts, according to updated American Heart Association recommendations published in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

UT Southwestern researchers discover role of two genes involved in cholesterol excretion
Two specific genes involved in cholesterol transport are required for the most common way excess cholesterol is expelled from our bodies, according to scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

Chiaro Networks chosen by California Technology Institute
Texas-based Chiaro Networks Chosen by California Technology Institute to Provide its Enstara Router to be the revolutionary routing platform for the NSF-funded OptIPuter project.

LSUHSC research shows drug blocks enzyme that activates bacterial and viral toxins
A paper published in the December, 2002 issue of Infection and Immunity by a reasearch team at the Louisiana State University (LSU) Health Sciences Center in New Orleans provides clear evidence that the lethal toxins of such infectious bacteria as Pseudomonas and anthrax can be blocked by a drug developed at the LSU Health Sciences Center in New Orleans.

Scholars discuss scientific research in education
In the November issue of Educational Researcher, two editors of the recent National Research Council (NRC) report, titled Scientific Research in Education, and six scholars who represent a broad range of approaches in educational research discuss the NRC report and key issues.

An unexpected discovery could yield a full spectrum solar cell
Berkeley Lab researchers, working with researchers at Cornell University and Japan's Ritsumeikan University, have made a serendipitous discovery which indicates that a single system of alloys incorporating indium, gallium, and nitrogen can convert virtually the full spectrum of sunlight-from the near infrared to the far ultraviolet-to electrical current.

Diverse family forms across Europe
New ESRC research highlights the diversity of family forms across the European Union.

Years to your health! Children of centenarians have less heart disease
Adult children whose parents lived to be 100 years old or more have a strikingly lower incidence of heart disease and fewer major heart risk factors when they reach old age than those whose parents died in their 70s.

Parents' smoke injures children's blood vessels
Children with one parent who smoked in their presence had up to 50 percent higher levels of a biological marker of oxidative stress in their blood.

Irbesartan cost-effective treatment of diabetic kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes
Up to $2.3 billion in total health care cost savings and prevention of about 35,000 end-stage kidney disease cases could be achieved in just three years if Americans with type 2 diabetes and kidney disease received treatment with the angiotensin II receptor blocker irbesartan, according to an economic analysis of the international Irbesartan Diabetic Nephropathy Trial.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for November (second issue)
Newsworthy articles include research showing that: halting treatment with inhaled corticosteroids in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with higher risk and more rapid onset of exacerbations; men are much more predisposed to pharyngeal collapse than women because they have a substantially longer airway; and the volume of gray matter in the brains of persons with obstructive sleep apnea showed reductions of up to 18 percent compared with controls.

UCI provides a 'bridge' for nation's first hybrid electric fuel-cell vehicles
The future of environmentally friendly personal transportation may not be far off, thanks to a new UC Irvine energy and transportation research collaboration with Toyota Motor Sales U.S.A., Inc., centering on the lease of the Toyota FCHV, a hydrogen fuel-cell, electric-hybrid vehicle.

Discovering the Tree of Life
One of the most profound ideas to emerge in modern science is Charles Darwin's concept that all of life, from the smallest microorganism to the largest vertebrate, is connected through genetic relatedness in a vast genealogy.

UIC awarded $4.5 million to create exercise technologies for people with disabilities
University of Illinois at Chicago researchers will use a $4.5 million grant to help make recreation and fitness activities and programs more accessible to people with disabilities.

Depletion of body chemical can cause memory, mood changes
The chemical in turkey that may cause people to nod off after Thanksgiving dinner also plays a role in maintaining good mood and memory, especially among people with a family history of depression, says new research published in the journal Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.
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