Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 20, 2002
Societies raise concerns about document removal from US Department of Education Web site
The American Educational Research Association (AERA) and the American Library Association (ALA), in concert with 12 other national organizations, have joined in an effort to retain documents on the U.S.

Stanford trial studies vastly shorter radiation time for breast cancer treatment
A new radiation approach being tested at Stanford University Medical Center could shorten the overall treatment time for women with breast cancer.

Getting the jump on hackers
Engineering researchers at Virginia Tech are attempting to protect battery operated computers from security attacks that could drain their batteries.

First potentially clinically useful independent marker for lung cancer identified
US scientists have identified the first clinically useful independent prognostic marker for early lung cancer.

Rice Connexions program receives funding from Hewlett Foundation
The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation has awarded a $1 million grant to fund the continued development of Rice University's innovative

UCSD bioengineers use computer model to predict evolution of bacteria
In a study published in the November 14 issue of Nature, Bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Jacobs School of Engineering used their computer model of E-coli (patent pending) to accurately predict how the bacteria would evolve under specific conditions.

Genetic clash doubles schizophrenia risk
UCLA scientists have discovered that infants possessing a cell protein called Rhesus (Rh) factor that their mothers lack are twice as likely to develop schizophrenia in young adulthood.

UCSD-led consortium to study effects of anti-retroviral HIV therapy on nervous system disease
Potent drug therapies used in the treatment of HIV disease have dramatically improved the health and longevity of infected individuals.

Ag economist calculates value of knowing that food's safe
A lack of information about food safety is causing many impoverished mothers in Africa to buy name-brand infant food that costs about five times more than the generic brand, according to Purdue University researchers.

UT Southwestern postdoctoral researcher wins international Young Scientist Prize
Research about the circadian clock, which regulates the body's activities on a 24-hour cycle, has earned Dr.

Fish profiling to stop ANS; dye test for fish disease; reauthorization
The November 8th issue of Science reports scientists are using species profiling to help prevent further introductions of invasive fish into the Great Lakes and other waterways.

Drug combination opens clogged arteries faster, keeps them open longer
By taking continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) readings for 24 hours after treating heart attack patients, Duke University Medical Center researchers have shown that giving a combination of a new drug that prevents platelets from clumping together, as well as a clot-busting drug, opens up clogged arteries faster and keeps them open longer.

Majority of nursing home aides experience racism from residents and staff
Nearly 75 percent of nurse's aides working in nursing homes experience racism on the job, according to a study from the Buehler Center on Aging at Northwestern University.

Stanford researcher redefines stroke terms in push for better treatment
To clarify the difference between stroke and TIA (or

Anti-coagulation drugs found to have different effects in diabetics after heart attack
In a sub-analysis of data from an earlier trial comparing the ability of three agents used to restore blood flow to patients soon after heart attacks, researchers have found that drugs used to prevent blood coagulation appear to have different effects in heart patients with diabetes.

Want hypertension? Hurry up!
Young adults who fume at the slowpoke ahead of them on the freeway may be racing toward high blood pressure.

First results from novel anti-angiogenic drug trial in patients
A new drug that targets tumour blood vessels has produced a surprisingly effective response in its first patient study according to French researchers who unveil the findings at a joint European-US cancer conference in Frankfurt on Wednesday 20 November.

Pre-clinical studies identify novel ways to enhance effect of chemotherapy
Another promising role for Glivec - as a booster for other anti-cancer drugs - Swedish researchers reveal at a joint European-US cancer conference in Frankfurt on Wednesday 20 November.

Scientists crack genome sequence of major dairy pathogen
University of Minnesota researchers, with collaborators at the U. S.

What came first? Bigger brains or lots of sex?
Human fetuses need to invade deep into the mother's uterine wall to get enough nutrients to grow a hefty brain.

Download your life onto this computer
Microsoft critics may find no surprise in the software company's latest venture - they want to take control of everybody's life.

Lack of harmony in European clinical trial regulations is hurting patients
Patients are being denied the benefits of new cancer treatments because red tape and disparate legal regulations in different countries are hampering international clinical trials, the Director-General of one of Europe's leading cancer research organisations tells a joint Europe-US cancer conference in Frankfurt on Wednesday 20 November.

Young mothers' marital status not age, linked to later depression
The age a mother first gives birth may be less relevant to her chance of later-life depression than her marital status, according to new research showing that unmarried teenage mothers and unmarried adult mothers have similar levels of depressive symptoms in their late 20s.

Saint Louis University to lead national herpes vaccine trial for the NIH
Saint Louis University is leading a large scale research trial involving almost 8,000 women nationwide that could lead to the first-ever FDA approved vaccine to prevent genital herpes.

Penn researchers study how atorvastatin treats symptoms of peripheral arterial disease
Investigators at Penn School of Medicine report the findings of the first randomized, double-blind study to examine the effects of moderate and aggressive lipid lowering therapy using atorvastatin on the symptoms of peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

Outpatient cardiology care improves survival odds after heart attack
Elderly heart attack patients who visit a cardiologist's office in the months after leaving the hospital are less likely to die within two years than patients who visit only their primary care doctor, a study by Harvard Medical School researchers finds.

Interferon treatment causes major depression in many hepatitis C patients
Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center researchers and their colleagues have found that many people develop major depression while taking interferon, the most effective drug against the life-threatening liver disease hepatitis C.

Terrorist attacks increased dangerous irregular heartbeats
The rate of life-threatening heart rhythms more than doubled among New York heart patients the month after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

African American men with heart disease in worse shape than white counterparts
A recent study has revealed that African American men who suffer from coronary artery disease, or CAD, have much worse capacity for exercise than their white counterparts, according to researchers at the Ochsner Clinic Foundation in New Orleans.

Sleep apnea linked to early brain damage
UCLA scientists have discovered that patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea show gray matter loss in brain areas that regulate breathing and speech.

Neanderthals used both hands to kill
Neanderthals and early humans knew how to make spears but didn't know how to throw them.

Antarctic search for meteorites program at CWRU expands with support from $1.6 million NASA grant
As the Antarctic Search for Meteorites program (ANSMET) of Case Western Reserve University begins its 26th annual trip onto the ice fields of Antarctica, new support from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has allowed ANSMET to create a new reconnaissance team to augment the existing National Science Foundation (NSF) supported team.

$750,000 NYSTAR grant for biosensor development
Engineer and physicist Harold Craighead of Cornell University has been awarded $750,000 by NYSTAR, a New York state research agency, to develop a chip-based analytical system for rapid analysis of chemical and biological compounds.

Physics news update 614
Record-high magnetic fields in the lab, the rapid measurement of high fields, a

Major herpes vaccine trial launched in women
An efficacy trial of an experimental vaccine designed to prevent genital herpes in women began enrolling volunteers this week.

$15 million grant spurs cancer collaboration; M. D. Anderson, University of Puerto Rico
A $15 million award sponsored by the National Cancer Institute and the Minority Institution Cancer Center Partnership, will fund a collaborative research program between The University of Texas M.

Clock cues: Cellular sensing, metabolism research wins Amersham Biosciences and Science Prize
A special cellular sensing system is described for the first time by Jared P.

Researchers evaluate dietary supplement's effect on memory in the aging
Oregon Health & Science University and the National College for Naturopathic Medicine are studying a plant that may have the ability to assist seniors in retaining memory function.
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