Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 26, 2002
Environmental enrichment reverses learning impairments caused by lead poisoning
A study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds that environmental enrichment can reverse the long-term learning deficits caused by lead poisoning.

Stomaching flatfish: How hormones regulate flounder stomach development
Dr. Jennifer Specker, URI Graduate School of Oceanography biological oceanographer, has received a three-year, $331,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to study the development of fish stomachs, specifically those of summer flounder.

Software detects possible link between childhood attention-deficit disorder, adult drug addiction
UC Irvine College of Medicine researchers made a surprising find recently: many drug addicts had a childhood history of attention-deficit disorder.

Plant-fungal symbiosis found in high-heat extreme environment
Researchers examining plants growing in the geothermal soils of Yellowstone National Park and Lassen Volcanic National Park have found evidence of symbiosis between fungi and plants that may hold clues to how plants adapt to and tolerate extreme environments.

Stress may trigger multiple sclerosis flare-ups in women
Avoiding stressful life events and learning effective coping skills may help avert flare-ups of multiple sclerosis (MS) in women with the disease, new findings suggest.

A less invasive fertility procedure could be used to treat some infertile women
A woman with an obstructed cervix has been successfully treated for infertility using a technique known as intraperitoneal insemination (IPI).

Loss of major hub cities could cripple Internet, study suggests
A terrorist attack or other disaster that destroyed key telecommunications equipment in major cities would disrupt the Internet much like severe storms at airline hubs ties up the nation's air traffic, a new study suggests.

Holidays are open season for open container laws
From December 20, 2002 to January 5, 2003 law enforcement will increase the use of sobriety checkpoints and saturation patrols to enforce laws like open-container laws, which according to a new study in the December 2002 Annals of Emergency Medicine, are effective at preventing alcohol-related crashes.

'Knot' to be undone, researchers discover unusual protein structure
Researchers funded by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences have determined the structure of a protein with a surprising feature: a knot.

How crayfish do the locomotion
Using computer models and experiments, researchers at the University of California, Davis, have identified the neurons and connections that are necessary for crayfish to swim.

From Darwin to Internet at the speed of light
Internet traffic jams may become history if ESA succeeds in developing new technology to see nearby Earth-sized planets.

Emergency medicine drug shortages likely to increase
Experts in a new article in the December 2002 Annals of Emergency Medicine, recommend strategies for managing increasing shortages of crucial drugs used in treating medical emergencies.

Lesson improves rural students' knowledge of farm safety
A University of South Florida College of Public Health study is among the first to address migrant farm safety issues among elementary school students.

Emory Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) receives five-year grant from National Institutes of Health
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded the Emory Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) more than $7.3 million in a five-year grant that includes renewal of Emory's designation as an NIH CFAR site.

Employment market deteriorates for chemists
The employment market for chemists has weakened markedly in the past year, and new graduates in 2003 will face one of the tightest job markets in years, the Chemical & Engineering News reports in its Nov.

Forum to focus on wind energy
Experts from industry, academia, government agencies and other groups will discuss the status and future of wind energy in California at a two-day forum organized by the California Wind Energy Consortium at UC Davis.

Study finds EMS is risky occupation
Little has been known about the occupational risks for emergency medical services (EMS) personnel, but a new study in the December 2002 Annals of Emergency Medicine, finds it is a far more hazardous profession than previously believed.

Optical communications using cell phone technology
A new generation of light-based communications devices is the aim of a $5 million, four-year grant awarded to engineers at the University of California, Davis, and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

Depression more dangerous for elderly men than women
Depression is more dangerous for elderly men than women, with depression starting in old age representing the greatest risk for men, according to a long-term study.

Higher death rate and non-recovery of kidney function seen in ICU patients given diuretics
A substantially higher death rate and inability to recover from kidney failure was documented in a study of 552 critically ill hospitalized patients who were given diuretics, the most commonly used therapy for kidney failure.

Telescope mirror to get shiny finish in major test run
In an airplane hangar in Columbus, OH, some 80 tons of steel, electronics, and cryogenic equipment are about to come together -- all to deposit one ounce of aluminum as a near-perfect, whisper-thin coating on a giant telescope mirror.

New test speeds diagnosis of chest pain
A study finds that in six quick steps emergency physicians can accurately identify or rule out a heart attack or warning signs of an impending heart attack that may occur within 30 days of a patient's visit to the emergency department for chest pain. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to