Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 02, 2002
Cal-(IT)2 and UCSD get Ixia $400,000 donation
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) will use hardware and software provided by Ixia to analyze the performance of a next-generation optical network.

2,000+ brown recluse spiders in a Kansas home inflict no bites in the occupants, UCR study notes
A UC Riverside study shows that where brown recluse spiders are common, people can co-habitate with them and bites are infrequent.

From the bone of a horse, a new idea for aircraft structures
The horse, a classic model of grace and speed on land, is now an unlikely source of inspiration for more efficient flight.

Grape seed extract help speed up wound recovery, study suggests
Grape-seed extract may help skin wounds heal faster and with less scarring, a new study suggests.

Northwestern study refutes 'sturm und drang' theory of adolescence
Despite the widely accepted belief that puberty breeds rebellion and emotional turmoil, findings from a Northwestern University study show that adolescents raised in traditional families are more likely to be well-adjusted teenagers and, as adults, have traditional families and continue their good adjustment.

Geophysicist develops method for finding underground contaminants
A URI geophysicist has devised a cost-effective, new method for finding underground contaminants that will reduce drilling and digging beneath the surface.

Fractals add new dimension to study of tiny electronics
When it comes to miniature electronics, scientists have seen the shape of things to come -- and that shape is a fractal.

New book explores how communication can combat HIV/AIDS
About 95 percent of the 40 million people with HIV/AIDS live in developing countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia -- the epicenter of the AIDS epidemic.

Critical therapeutics is awarded U.S. patents for methods to diagnose and treat inflammatory disease
Critical Therapeutics, Inc. (CTI) today announced that it has been awarded three U.S. patents covering methods to diagnose, predict the severity of and treat serious inflammatory diseases including sepsis, a bloodstream infection that is the nation's tenth leading cause of death.

Study raises questions about HRT in diabetic women
In a large observational study of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in women with diabetes, researchers have found that the effects of HRT may depend on whether a woman has had a prior heart attack.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, December 3, 2002
Two studies found lower costs, shorter hospital stays, and fewer deaths following hospitalization for patients under the care of hospitalists compared to those under the care of physicians who did not specialize in hospital care (Articles, p.

Frozen food research receives historical recognition
The American Chemical Society designates research that improved the quality of frozen foods as a National Historic Chemical Landmark with a ceremony on December 11 in Albany, California.

UCR awards new scholarships in computer science, engineering, and mathematics
With funding from the National Science Foundation, UC Riverside's Bourns College of Engineering and the Department of Mathematics in the College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences have established a

Felling antenna forests
Too many antennas are a shipboard problem. They're heavy, they interfere with one another, and they're unstealthy because they increase a ship's radar cross-section.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for December (first issue)
Newsworthy ATS journal highlights include studies showing that: patients, doctors, and family members have substantial differences in their interpretation of living wills; selecting a ventilator mode has a marked influence on sleep quality in critically ill patients; and respiratory muscle training in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can produce functional improvement through structural adaptation within the respiratory muscles.

Search for sympathy uncovers patterns of brain activity
Neuroscientists trying to tease out the mechanisms underlying the basis of human sympathy have found that such feelings trigger brain acitvity not only in areas associated with emotion but also in areas associated with performing an action.

AAAS Science Project/Unisys prize encourages student-led scientific inquiry on flight to soar
One hundred years after the dreams and hard work of two brothers gave us the airplane's historic first flight, middle- and high-school students nationwide are dreaming up new projects that would make the Wright Brothers proud.

Mapping with math
In an unexpected meeting of the minds, two Dartmouth professors have come together to solve a problem: how to make accurate models of remote landscapes from photographs.

Caught sleeping: Study captures virus dormant in human cells
Princeton scientists have taken an important step toward understanding a virus that infects and lies dormant in most people, but emerges as a serious illness in transplant patients, some newborns and other people with weakened immune systems.

Smart, but do they work together?
Stovepipes--old

Satellite images predict hantaviral transmission risk
Satellite imagery could be used to determine areas at high-risk for exposure to Sin Nombre virus, a rodent-born disease that causes the often fatal hantaviral pulmonary syndrome in humans, according to researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Hospital-care specialists improve outcomes, reduce costs
Physicians who specialize in hospital care produce better results than the internists who traditionally manage hospital stays reveals a study by researchers at the University of Chicago.

Infants go to school early on grammar
A Purdue University psychology professor says that infants appear to understand much more than they are given credit for.

Swaddling may help sleeping babies remain on their backs
Infants sleep with fewer awakenings when swaddled, and swaddling may help sleeping infants remain on their backs, say researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Researchers question authenticity of new malaria drug
A new investigation by The Scientist magazine reveals that some researchers believe the anti-malaria drug Malarex has not been adequately tested or, worse still, may be a fraud.

Ulcer-causing pathogen uses hydrogen for energy
In a groundbreaking study, a North Carolina State University microbiologist has discovered that the bacteria associated with almost all human ulcers - one that is also correlated with the development of certain types of gastric cancer in humans - uses hydrogen as an energy source.

Better warheads through plastics
The Iraqi Scud missile that killed so many American troops during the Gulf War is sad evidence of the fact that shooting down enemy missiles and aircraft leaves no room for error.

U.S.-German research consortium sequences genome of versatile soil microbe
In a successful transatlantic collaboration, scientists at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) in Rockville, MD, and at four research centers in Germany have deciphered and analyzed the complete genome of a bacterium, Pseudomonas putida, that has the potential to be used to remediate organic pollutants in soil as well as to help promote plant growth and fight plant diseases.

Sex workers in border regions potential source for HIV/AIDS spread
The social behavior of sex workers and transportation workers along the U.S.

California physicians are dropping out of managed care, according to UCSF researchers
Only 58 percent of patient care physicians in California are accepting new patients with HMO coverage, and the

UC Riverside's professor Robert Graham elected Fellow of the Soil Science Society of America
Robert Graham, professor of soil mineralogy in the department of environmental sciences at UC Riverside, received the honor of being elected Fellow of the Soil Science Society at the national meeting of the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) last month in Indianapolis, Indiana.

New theory explains economic growth in terms of evolutionary biology
The struggle for survival that characterized most of human existence stimulated a process of natural selection that conferred an evolutionary advantage on humans who had a higher genetic predisposition for a careful rearing of the next generation.

Even green pond scum can suffer from jet lag
A research team from Vanderbilt, the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Harvard Medical School has taken a significant step toward answering the question of what makes biological clocks tick.

Listening to music while working out helps people with severe lung disease
Researchers believe that listening to music helped people with severe respiratory disease increase their fitness levels, based on the results of a new study.

New NSF awards encourage collaborations between ocean scientists and educators
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded its first eight grants in a new Centers for Ocean Science Education Excellence (COSEE) program designed to integrate ocean science research into delivery of high-quality education programs in the ocean sciences.

UCLA study names 10 keys to recovery from schizophrenia
UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute researchers have identified 10 key factors to recovery from schizophrenia.

Researchers find genes connected to seasonal reproductive clock in hamsters
Researchers at Ohio State University have identified three genes that are involved in the seasonal clock that determines when hamsters reproduce.

U of Washington establishes $9 million center to study hepatitis-induced liver disease
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has awarded a $9 million grant to the University of Washington to support the newly formed Center for Functional Genomics and Hepatitis C Virus-Associated Liver Disease.
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