Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 04, 2002
Global analysis finds nearly half the Earth is still wilderness
According to the most comprehensive global analysis ever conducted, wilderness areas still cover close to half the Earth's land, but contain only a tiny percentage of the world's population.

Religious 12th graders hold more positive attitudes about life, new UNC study shows
High school seniors who consider themselves religious have significantly higher self-esteem and hold more positive attitudes about life than do their less religious peers, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows.

University of Maryland research reveals true target of calcium channel blockers
A basic science discovery by University of Maryland School of Medicine scientists about calcium channel blockers, published in the December issue of the American Journal of Physiology, suggests that CCBs work differently than previously thought.

Scripps's Paul Dayton honored with Diving Lifetime Achievement Award
Dayton, a biological oceanographer at Scripps, researches coastal and estuarine habitats, including seafloor (or

Study findings suggest revised approach to therapy for atrial fibrillation
The most frequently used initial therapy for atrial fibrillation, a strategy to restore and maintain a normal heart rhythm, prevents no more deaths than the alternative, often secondary, approach to treatment which merely controls the rate at which the heart beats - and may have some disadvantages, including more hospitalizations and adverse drug effects.

Sound waves to chill ice cream in new freezer case concept
Penn State acousticians have achieved proof of concept for a compact ice cream freezer case based on

Space Station glovebox parts returned to Earth for repair
After extensive troubleshooting efforts by the crew of the International Space Station, elements of the Microgravity Science Glovebox were returned to Earth for repairs this week by Space Shuttle Endeavour.

Continued research on lymphatic filariasis is essential
A global public-private partnership sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO) has resulted in significant progress over the past five years in reaching the goal of eliminating lymphatic filariasis (LF) -- a profoundly disfiguring disease, caused by a mosquito-borne parasite, that is endemic in 80 countries.

Lab engineers develop microelectronics for artificial retina project
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory engineers are developing a microelectrode array for a multi-laboratory DOE project to construct an artificial retina or

Chilling with sound
Have a hankering to chill your Cherry Garcia (TM) and to listen to Jerry Garcia using the same system?

Is DVD copying software legal?
A court in California will this month rule whether a new software package that makes copies of DVDs is legal.

Revolutionary new theory for origins of life on Earth
A totally new and highly controversial theory on the origin of life on earth, is set to cause a storm in the science world and has implications for the existence of life on other planets.

The mouse genome and the measure of man
The international Mouse Genome Sequencing Consortium today announced the publication of a high-quality draft sequence of the mouse genome -- the genetic blueprint of a mouse -- together with a comparative analysis of the mouse and human genomes describing insights gleaned from the two sequences.

Physics news update 616--December 4, 2002
Highlights of this week's update include research on acoustic microscopy and the longest atomic state lifetime that has been measured from spontaneous decay in UV.

Fresh evidence on Bhopal disaster
The company that built and owned Bhopal chemical plant in India cut crucial corners in its design, documents just released in the US suggest.

First awards for FIC global health research initiative program for new foreign investigators
Fogarty International Center and nine NIH partner institutes award sixteen new grants support the re-entry of young NIH-trained foreign investigators from the developing world to their home countries.

Smoking reduction strategies show success
People who use nicotine replacement products like skin patches, gum and inhalers while continuing to smoke can cut their daily cigarette consumption almost in half, according to a new study.

UCSD research findings for human vs. mouse genome rearrangements
As co-authors of two papers announced today in

Making heart surgery more brain-friendly
Surgeons at University Hospitals of Cleveland have demonstrated that the risk of brain damage associated with the use of the heart lung machine can be significantly reduced by modifying the traditional placement of cannulas (tubing) for returning blood flow to the patient.

Higher cost sharing reduces plans' drug expenditures, but boosts enrollee costs
Study of prescription drug claims under retiree health plans demonstrates the effects that plan design could have on possible Medicare drug benefit.

Toyota delivers first fuel-cell car in US to UC Davis
The UC Davis Institute of Transportation Studies took delivery Monday (Dec.

Onchocerciasis Control Programme (OCP): Success of 28 years of disease control in West Africa
The meeting to wind up the Onchocerciasis Control Programme (OCP) will be held on 6 December 2002, at Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso).

EMBO supports restart of six female scientists at the bench
The first six fellows to benefit from the European Molecular Biology Organization's (EMBO) new restart fellowship scheme are preparing to start work in their laboratories.

Jefferson researchers find that ultrasound helps in treating tennis elbow and other tendon problems
Researchers at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital have found that they can successfully treat chronic tendon problems such as

Purdue, Indiana universities collaborate for better medicine
Purdue University and Indiana University School of Medicine researchers have launched a collaboration to increase knowledge of diseases and develop better treatments for humans and animals.

New software creates dictionary for retrieving images
New software that responds to written questions by retrieving digital images has potentially broad application, ranging from helping radiologists compare mammograms to streamlining museum curators' archiving of artwork, say the Penn State researchers who developed the technology.

NIAMS funds multiple grants in heritable disorders of connective tissue
Eight new research grants funded by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) will shed light on heritable diseases of connective tissue.

Researchers begin to unlock genetic mysteries of Down syndrome
New research is helping to provide an answer to the medical mystery of Down syndrome, which occurs when a person inherits an extra copy of chromosome 21.

Eye on the skies
No question about it, Toto and Auntie Em could have used a few extra minutes to find Dorothy and get into the storm cellar.

Researchers reach milestone in fight against lymphatic filariasis
Researchers report in the December 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine seeing dramatic results when they treated 2500 residents in Papua New Guinea with four annual mass treatments of single doses of safe and inexpensive anti-worm drugs for the disease called lymphatic filariasis.

Cool sounds
Funded in part by Ben & Jerry's, Penn State researchers have developed a prototype refrigerator that uses sound and environmentally inert gases to chill objects.
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