Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 10, 2002
Identification of genes causing defects in vitamin B12 metabolism
Investigators at the University of Calgary, McGill University and the McGill University Health Centre have identified genes that underlie two severe diseases of vitamin B12 metabolism.

Psychiatry receives grant establishing Conte Center to study molecular and cellular mood mechanisms
UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas has received a $9 million, five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health to establish a Silvio O.

New evidence linking smoking and lung cancer in women
A Mayo Clinic study of more than 41,000 postmenopausal women in Iowa provides new evidence that the most common type of lung cancer in women is more closely linked to smoking cigarettes than previously recognized.

Increasing biodiversity is not always best
Biodiversity worldwide may be decreasing, but at smaller scales it is increasing or at least changing in composition, suggesting the need for a dramatic shift in the current focus of ecological research.

UF research shows kids need to be where the wild things are
Planners need to create safe, wild spaces in urban areas because unstructured natural areas offer children rich opportunities to learn how to find their way in strange territory and gain other skills, a University of Florida expert says.

New 3-D mammography system may improve breast imaging
A new approach to mammography, developed by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital, holds the potential for greatly improving the detection of breast lesions and the ability to predict whether they are benign or malignant.

Toy choice among boys, girls a matter of monkey business
Sure Santa Claus asks boys and girls what toys they want, but, why they want them is a better question.

December 11 - new liftoff date for the 10-tonne Ariane 5
Arianespace has announced that the first launch of the new Ariane 10 tonne will take place on December 11.

Internet porn-blocking software needn't block health information, study finds
A comprehensive new study of Internet filtering software finds that libraries, schools and parents can bar access to pornographic Internet sites without necessarily blocking important access to health information.

Stanford receives funding for unique cancer and stem cell biology institute
Stanford University announced today it will establish a new Institute for Cancer/Stem Cell Biology and Medicine, a multi-disciplinary initiative that is believed to be the first of its kind in the country.

Researchers unlock key to regional haze in Yosemite Valley in 2002
A researcher from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and colleagues from Colorado State University on Tuesday will show that forest fires likely contributed to periods of regional haze in Yosemite National Park in 2002.

UMass professor invites travelers to test-drive Boston's big dig -- before hitting the road
Thanks to the efforts of a University of Massachusetts Amherst professor, drivers can test-drive their routes through Boston's Big Dig before ever pulling out of the driveway.

DuPont shares significant wheat genome information
In a move that will significantly boost industrywide research and enhance nutritional applications of wheat and other major cereal crops, DuPont announced today it is making proprietary wheat genome data available to public and private researchers without restriction.

New Center for Nanoscience Innovation for Defense transfers knowledge from universities to industry
The Center for Nanoscience Innovation for Defense (CNID) has been created to facilitate the rapid transition of research innovation in the nanosciences into applications for the defense sector.

USF study: Nicotine antagonist relieves depression in children with Tourette's
A well-tolerated drug that blocks nicotine receptors in the brain appears to relieve depression and mood instability in children and adolescents with Tourette's syndrome, a preliminary study by University of South Florida College of Medicine researchers has found.

Disparity between rich and poor for hip, knee replacement
People of lower socio-economic status are significantly less likely than those better off to undergo hip or knee replacement surgery, despite their willingness to have the procedure, says a new report by University of Toronto researchers.

Affordable weapons for the war on terror
A loitering, cruise-missile-like weapon whose development has been sponsored by the Office of Naval Research is ten times cheaper than alternatives now in the inventory.

The biology of induced memory
Two years after the publication of

Team care doubles benefits of depression treatment for older adults
A team care approach more than doubles the effectiveness of depression treatment for older adults in general medical settings, according to a new UCLA/Dartmouth study.

Expert talks on invasive species Wednesday in D.C.
Susan Williams, UC Davis professor of environmental science and director of Bodega Marine Laboratory, will address leaders of major environmental non-government agencies on Wednesday (Dec.

Too fat to fight?
The notion of a trim, fighting force probably dates back more than 2,000 years.

Forest stress linked to climate phenomenon
Forest dieback in the Northeast has intensified in recent decades.

Livermore researchers apply combat simulation technology to homeland security
Using a computer code originally developed for combat simulation, researchers from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory are supplying the same expertise that analyzes concepts of operation, technology and training to emergency responders as a part of the Lab's role in homeland security.

Psychiatric disorders common among detained youth
Among teens in juvenile detention, nearly two thirds of boys and nearly three quarters of girls have at least one psychiatric disorder, a Federally-funded study has found.

Mayo Clinic researchers investigate drug's possible link to valvular heart disease
Mayo Clinic researchers are raising concerns about the potential association between the drug pergolide and valvular heart disease.

New Center for Nanoscience Innovation transfers knowledge from universities to industry
The University of California, Riverside has joined two other UC institutions to form the Center for Nanoscale Innovation for Defense (CNID), an alliance created to facilitate a rapid transition of research innovation in the nanosciences into applications for the defense sector.

UC Berkeley researchers crack security system designed to block Internet robots
A clever security system designed to stop

Combination chemotherapy may produce remission in adults with acute myeloid leukemia
A novel chemotherapy regimen that combines standard drugs with an antibody-targeted agent has shown early success in treating adults with acute myeloid leukemia, according to preliminary data from a multicenter study led by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston.

Team care doubles effectiveness of depression treatment for older adults
A new UCLA-led study shows that a team-care approach more than doubles the effectiveness of depression treatment for older adults in general medical settings.

Dartmouth-hitchcock researchers find hormone decreases need for blood transfusions
In an article published in the December 11 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Drs.
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