Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 11, 2002
ESA presents Integral's first images
Integral, the European Space Agency's gamma-ray satellite, has taken its first images and collected its first scientific data.

Supervised exercise program is an effective remedy for cramping leg pain
A review of scores of studies testing the benefits of exercise in people with cramping leg pain, the most common symptom of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), suggests that regular walking - while painful - is worth it.

Broadway helped Jews gain acceptance, researcher says
The Broadway musical served as a means to social acceptance for first- and second-generation immigrant Jews in the United States, says University of Toronto English professor Andrea Most who is just completing the book Making Americans on Broadway: Jews and the American Musical.

New ways of making super small-scale devices
Scientists at OHSU's OGI School of Science & Engineering are working to speed up the chip-making process, reduce manufacturing costs and make chips more flexible so that new masks (templates) won't have to be created if mistakes are made that cause the chip not to operate, or to operate poorly.

Deepest infrared view of the universe
An international team of astronomers has made the deepest-ever near-infrared images of the sky with the ISAAC instrument on the 8.2-m VLT ANTU telescope.

Nanoparticles could aid biohazard detection, computer industry
A Purdue University research team has found a rapid and cost-effective method of forming tiny particles of high-purity metals on the surface of advanced semiconductor materials.

New federal report on carcinogens lists estrogen therapy, ultraviolet, wood dust
Report on Carcinogens adding steroidal estrogens used in estrogen replacement therapy and oral contraceptives to its official list of

Circuit points to future of nanoscale electronics
Using clusters of gold atoms and a microscopic lever, University of Toronto chemists have created a tiny circuit critical to the future of electronic engineering.

Report card finds older Americans fail 6 of 10 goals for improving healthy aging
A report card grading the health of older Americans finds that the nation failed to meet 6 of 10 goals for improving the health status of older Americans, including goals set for physical activity, nutrition, weight, pneumonia vaccination, and injuries and deaths due to falls.

No functional difference found between amputation and reconstructive surgery for patients
A study, coordinated by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, was conducted at the University of Maryland Shock Trauma Center and seven other trauma centers across the country.

'Global village' not an internet reality: Sociologist
The Internet is not isolating people as critics have feared, but it's not transforming communities into global villages either, say University of Toronto researchers.

Worm enzyme has promise for patients with cardiovascular disease
The simple worm has at least one talent that could benefit most Americans.

Space for new ideas - Big opportunities for small entrepreneurs
Access to innovative solutions and increased competitiveness thanks to space technology - this is the theme of a workshop to be held at ESA/ESRIN in Frascati on 16 December organised by the Technology Transfer Programme of the European Space Agency.

Pitt, VCU researchers find genetic link to bulimia nervosa
A team of researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center have linked an area of chromosome 10p to families with a history of bulimia nervosa, providing strong evidence that genes play a determining role in who is susceptible to developing the eating disorder.

Reconstructive breast surgery rates low in Canada
A low rate of breast reconstruction among women who have had a mastectomy may be due to a lack of knowledge about the procedure by referring physicians, says a University of Toronto study.

New technique reveals drug resistance in breast cancer tumors
Oncologists at the Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center are testing a new technique called gene expression profiling that subtypes each breast cancer tumor by its genetic defects so that doctors can tailor their treatment to inhibit that particular tumor.

Malaria rise in Africa parallels warming trends
A new analysis of research data concludes that the increase in the incidence of malaria in East Africa parallels warming trends over the last several decades.

Patent policy flaws complicate commercialization of federally funded university discoveries
The process of commercializing university research discoveries is beset with complex problems: excessive secrecy, inadequate government policy and inappropriate patent law that affect academe, government funding agencies and industry, according to a new study published in the December 2002 issue of The Milbank Quarterly.

Psychiatric disorders highly prevalent among juvenile jail detainees
Mental health professionals have speculated for years that many adolescents with serious psychiatric disorders are arrested instead of treated.

UIC scientists provide first images of HIV in living cells
In stunning color images using time-lapse microscopy, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have for the first time captured the very earliest stages of HIV infection in living cells.

New UNC emergency room wall chart will help health workers respond to chemical terrorism
The North Carolina Statewide Program for Infection Control and Epidemiology (SPICE) has developed a free wall chart chart focusing on chemical terrorism agents and the medical syndromes they cause for display in hospital emergency rooms.

MSG-1 first image unveiled
This dramatic image of the Earth is the first from the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG-1) satellite, launched 28 August.

Music selection may depend on several factors, not just pleasure
Because people are fairly accurate in predicting which music will be most pleasurable to them, they should be given choices when music is being used to manage their moods and emotions, as in hospital rooms or during therapy, a Penn State study says.

Postmenopausal women cut smoking, lower bone loss protein levels
Postmenopausal women who quit or significantly reduced their smoking for six weeks lowered their levels of two proteins involved in bone loss, new research finds.
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