Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 17, 2002
Study may direct solutions for air pollution disease affecting agricultural, industrial workers
Infiltration of airway mucus with inflammatory cells is thought to be a key factor in the cause of airway disorders, including asthma and chronic bronchitis.

Less-expensive diuretics found superior in treatment of hypertension
A major clinical trial of blood pressure medications has concluded that an inexpensive diuretic (water pill) is more effective in treating high blood pressure and preventing cardiovascular disease than newer more expensive medications.

NCCAM announces opportunities for new research Centers on Complementary and Alternative Medicine
The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), will establish new Centers for Research on Complementary and Alternative Medicine.

NHLBI study finds traditional diuretics work better than newer medicines for treating hypertension
Less costly, traditional diuretics work better than newer medicines to treat high blood pressure and prevent some forms of heart disease, according to results from the largest hypertension clinical trial ever conducted.

A new study sheds light on how the tongue restores its ability to taste following surgery
Surgery and a wide range of cancer treatments on the tongue can be devastating in both the short- and long- term.

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab's Perry and Strykowsky receive Kaul Prize
In recognition of their contributions to the successful dismantling of the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR), Erik Perry and Ronald Strykowsky, engineers at the U.S.

Could an anti-marijuana compound hold the key to body weight and appetite control?
SR141716, a potent and selective central cannabinoid (CB1) receptor antagonist, has been shown to induce a significant decrease in food intake and body weight gain and reduce the intake of a high fat diet in these obese rats.

First light for Europe's virtual observatory
Established only a year ago, Europe's Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (AVO) already offers astronomers a unique, prototype research tool that will lead the way to many outstanding new discoveries.

Older people & lifelong learning
Learning is good for you not only if you are young and setting out on the career path but also if you are older and retired, says new research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

Cancer specialists in disagreement about purpose of clinical trials
The primary purpose of clinical trials is to advance therapy for future patients.

Increased bone mass in a calcitonin knockout mouse full of surprises
In the December 16 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Robert Gagel and colleagues at the University of Texas M.D.

The ritual qualities of texting
As the traditional peak period for buying mobile phones begins, potential advances in the features they offer may prove a turn-off to customers, warns a new report sponsored by the ESRC.

Chicken pox vaccine OK for children with kidney disease
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center report that two doses of the varicella vaccine for chicken pox, given one to two months apart, can be safe and effective in children with chronic kidney disease.

Dec. 19 launch will boost small UC Berkeley satellite into orbit to study nearby hot gas
CHIPSat, a $16.5 million satellite mission funded by NASA and built at UC Berkeley, is scheduled to launch Dec.

Clinicians' personal theories influence diagnoses of mental disorders
Despite the considerable effort that leaders in the field of clinical psychology have taken to make the diagnosis of mental disorders an

PPPL researchers Yamada and Ji awarded by American Physical Society
Masaaki Yamada and Hantao Ji, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), recently received the American Physical Society's (APS) 2002 Award for Excellence in Plasma Physics Research.

Cox-2 enzyme plays important role regulating acute pancreatitis and associated lung injury
Clinical acute pancreatitis can present with varying degrees of severity.

BioSET licenses Brookhaven Lab's synthetic growth factor technology
BioSurface Engineering Technologies, Inc. (BioSET), of College Park, Maryland, has obtained an exclusive worldwide license to a novel growth factor technology developed by scientists at the U.S.

Health statistics data reveals trends, factors in the use of cancer screening tests
Two decades of national cancer screening data indicate that the use of all screening tests has increased since the 1980s, with the most dramatic increases seen in the use of mammography, according to a review article in the December 18 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The data also highlight factors, such as sociodemographic status, source of health care, and knowledge of cancer risk factors, that have been found to influence rates of screening.

Other highlights of the December 18 JNCI
Other highlights include a study finding no association between alcohol consumption and lung cancer, a study suggesting that body surface area should not be used to determine starting dose of investigational anticancer drugs, a study suggesting that a specific carbohydrate binding protein may inhibit tumor growth, and a study examining the effect of RNA silencing on human cancer cells.

Cat parasite killing otters; Michigan's perch pressured; HACCP for medicine
Highlights of this News and Notes include: Researchers believe parasite in cats is killing California otters; ruffe invasion of Michigan spells trouble for yellow perch; and a seafood HACCP model for new medical industry safety and quality push.

Firefly molecule could quickly shed light on how well new drugs work
The process that makes fireflies glow bright in the summer night can also shed light on how well new medicines work, showing immediately whether the drugs are killing cells or causing other effects.

Blasting antibodies with lasers provides direct way of measuring their flexibilities
A group of scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California at San Diego (UCSD) have used a powerful laser in combination with innovative quantum mechanical computations to measure the flexibility of mouse antibodies.

Microorganism isolated in space
Analysis of air samples - collected from the stratosphere by teams of UK and India scientists - confirm presence of bacteria.

Body language, conversation and environment key to communication
Body language is often portrayed by the media as the key to understanding peoples' feelings, thoughts and behaviors.

Biologists raising baby loggerhead turtles for conservation find disturbing gender trend
As part of a large-scale project to preserve loggerhead sea turtles, researchers from three institutions have been raising about 1,200 hatchlings though their first months and are now releasing them after identifying the animals' genders.

Without water, the body will shut down its need to ingest food
The consequences of water drought can be terrible - the resulting loss of livestock and crops can lead to overall starvation of a nation's population.

Surgeons use abdomen veins to treat brain artery blockage
Surgeons at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center in Chicago have documented the first use of a blood vessel from the abdomen to treat a blocked artery in the brain.

Agricultural science helping farmers reduce greenhouse gas
With greenhouse gas reduction increasingly on the public agenda, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada researchers say agricultural science may be part of the solution.
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