Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 18, 2002
An unlikely new weapon against a deadly bacteria in oysters: A virus
People looking forward to eating raw oysters over the holidays will welcome news that scientists are making progress in the fight against a rare but deadly disease associated with the tasty bivalves.

Similar outcomes for limb reconstruction and amputation after trauma
Individuals who undergo limb reconstruction or amputation following severe trauma to the lower leg fare about the same functionally.

Researchers reveal new secrets of the brain
By peering through a window into the brains of living mice, researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have caught a groundbreaking glimpse of adult brain cells forming new connections.

Virginia's champion trees make history
Big trees are important to everyone. Not only do they provide useful information about natural history and forest ecology, but they add beauty to our landscape, as well as health, and even economic values.

Orthodontic and regenerative therapy work together
Many times dentists and periodontists have patients with complex clinical problems that require the attention of multiple disciplines.

Hospital length of stay may not affect a newborn's health
A new study by researchers at the Harvard Medical School/Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention challenges the popular assumption that early hospital discharge after birth is harmful to newborns.

Rain will take greater toll on reindeer, climate change model shows
Rain falling on snow is becoming a more-common phenomenon in northern latitudes.

'Binary' enzyme created by TSRI scientists demonstrates Darwinian evolution at its simplest
Two scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), Research Associate John S.

Public misled over fire-safe cigarettes
Cigarette manufacturers knew more than 15 years ago how to make their product less of a fire hazard.

Price to pay for vaccinating against smallpox
President George Bush announced last week that a million US troops and health workers will be vaccinated against smallpox by early 2003.

PNNL expands blood serum protein library
In a significant scientific advance, researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have identified or confirmed 490 proteins in human blood serum - nearly doubling the number of known serum proteins, according to a paper accepted for publication in the December issue of Molecular and Cellular Proteomics.

Smaller high schools achieve big results
New, smaller high schools, created as part of a network of reform, achieve better academic performance and higher graduation rates among disadvantaged urban youth, according to a recent seven-year, longitudinal study in New York City.

A new window to view how experiences rewire the brain
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have developed sophisticated microscopy techniques that permit them to watch how the brains of live mice are rewired as the mice learn to adapt to new experiences.

Research can lead to longer shelf life for dairy products
Research done by Texas A&M University graduate student Alexander Lin today may improve many dairy industry consumer products of tomorrow.

Cities eat away at Earth's best land
US researchers from NASA have shown the drastic effects of urbanisation.

Discovery of giant X-ray disk sheds light on elliptical galaxies
Ohio University astronomers have discovered the largest disk of hot, X-ray emitting gas ever observed in the universe: At 90,000 light years in diameter, it's about 100,000 times the size of any comparable object.

Hemodialysis study results published
The most comprehensive, randomized clinical trial of hemodialysis therapy to-date has confirmed the adequacy of current dosage guidelines.

Teen survey reveals dangerous behavior during holidays
Results of a new survey released today by the New York University Child Study Center show that there is an extraordinary crisis of untreated depression and anxiety among American adolescents, particularly adolescent girls.

Computers in churches, laundromats may bridge digital divide
Pouring thousands of dollars into providing access to information technology may seem like a step forward in bridging the digital divide, but without community-based, innovative programs to help historically underserved minorities and low-income groups sustain their new skills, the gap will only widen, says a Penn State researcher.

Why are men less religious? It may be form of risk-taking just as criminal behavior is
Lower rates of male religiousness is a form of risk-taking and impulsivity just as criminal behavior is and data from 57 countries seems to indicate that the gender differences are based on physiology rather than socialization.

More dialysis, highly permeable artificial kidney may not aid some, UT Southwestern researcher finds
Longer dialysis treatment and use of a highly permeable artificial kidney may not improve survival rates or reduce hospitalization of patients with end-stage kidney disease, a researcher at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas has discovered.

Preemies' temperaments shift in first year of life
Parents of preterm infants should take heart: The challenging aspects of caring for a preterm infant may ease sooner than they might think, according to a new study.

Do Asian American faculty face a glass ceiling in higher education?
A new study published in the Fall 2002 issue of the American Educational Research Journal (AERJ) focuses on the glass ceiling--those artificial barriers to achievement often experienced by White women and racial minorities in the professional world.

Stem cells put to the test in UNC studies
More than 3,000 scientific reports are being presented at the American Society of Cell Biology's annual meeting, Dec.

Hydrogen-powered cars, other futuristic products all in a day's work for NASA space product manager
Whether it's working on International Space Station experiments that may lead to hydrogen-powered, pollution-free cars, or tutoring math and science students, Jeneene Sams brings the benefits of space back to people on Earth.
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